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United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations

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UN/LOCODE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations UN/LOCODE UNECE Recommendation No. 16 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations


1
UN/LOCODE
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • United Nations Code for Trade and Transport
    Locations
  • UN/LOCODE
  • UNECE Recommendation No. 16

2
UN/LOCODE Overview
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • In 1972 the UN/ECE W.P. on Facilitation of
    International Trade Procedures began the process
    to prepare a code for port names (cities, ports,
    airports, border crossing, terminals, etc.) to
    designate various locations involved in external
    trade, with a view to the subsequent creation of
    codes.
  • Main contributors were the International Chamber
    of Shipping (ICS), the International Association
    of Ports and Harbours (IAPH), the Economic
    Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
    (ECLAC) and the Economic and Social Commission
    for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
  • In addition, the secretariat had full-access to
    the list of airports and other locations
    maintained by the International Air Transport
    Association (IATA) and contributions were also
    received from a number of Governments.

3
UN/LOCODE Background
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • The identification of a particular location is
    frequently required in information interchange in
    international trade and transport to direct the
    movement of goods.
  • In addresses
  • In shipping marks
  • and in data elements identifying ports of call,
    ports or places of loading or unloading, ports or
    places of trans-shipment and destination, places
    of clearance by Customs, etc.
  • The names of such locations are often spelt in
    different ways and sometimes the same location is
    given different names in different languages,
    which creates confusion and difficulties in data
    interchange.
  • Genève Geneva Genf - Ginebra
  • London Londres Londra
  • Warzsaw - Varsovie Warszawa - Warschau

4
UN/LOCODE Background
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • The identification in a unique and unambiguous
    way of any place involved in international trade
    is therefore an essential element for the
    facilitation of trade procedures and
    documentation.
  • This can be achieved by using agreed, unique
    coded designations for such locations this would
    have the added advantage of permitting an
    exchange of data in a safer and more economical
    way.

5
UN/LOCODE Background
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • To the code structure, one particular attention
    was given to the three-letter alphabetical
    location identifier code already used within the
    air transport industry used to designate airports
    and certain other locations (IATA International
    Air Transport Association).
  • These codes have been widely used over a long
    period, have in most cases a mnemonic link to the
    place name, and have been introduced in other
    applications, notably in the ports code developed
    by ECLAC.

6
UN/LOCODE UNECE Recommendation 16
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • Defines an internationally agreed code system to
    represent names of locations of interest in
    international trade and transport.
  • The code system is based on two-letter alphabetic
    code for the representation of names of
    countries, International Standard ISO 3166-1.
  • Recommends the use of a five-character code
    system to designate locations whenever there is a
    need for a coded representation for the names of
    ports (maritime, railways, airports, inland
    clearance depots, inland freight terminals and
    any other transport related locations, such as
    places of receipt and delivery), which are used
    for goods movements associated with trade.

7
UN/LOCODE Coding system
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • Code system based on two-letter alphabetic code
    for the representation of names of countries ISO
    3166-1, e.g.
  • CH Switzerland
  • CL Chile
  • KR Korea
  • IN India
  • UN/LOCODE five-character code system
  • CHGVA Geneva
  • CLSCL Santiago
  • KRSEL Seoul
  • INBOM Mumbai (Ex Bombay)

8
UN/LOCODE Code List.
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
9
UN/LOCODE Definitions
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
10
UN/LOCODE Definitions
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • Function
  • 0 Not known
  • 1 Port terminal
  • 2 Rail terminal
  • 3 Road terminal
  • 4 Airport terminal
  • 5 Postal exchange office
  • 6 Multimodal Functions (ICDs, etc.)
  • 7 Fixed Transport Functions (e.g. Oil platform)
  • B Border crossing function
  • Status
  • AA Approved by competent national government
    agency
  • AC Approved by Customs Authority
  • AF Approved by national facilitation body
  • AI Code adopted by international organisation
  • AS Approved by national standards/statistic
    body
  • RL Recognised location
  • RN Request from credible national sources for
    locations in their own country
  • RQ Request under consideration

11
UN/LOCODE Field of application
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • Using definition of UNeDocs Paper Layout Key for
    the Invoice
  • Invoice
  • An invoice is a document/message claiming
    payment for goods or services supplied under
    conditions agreed between buyer and seller
    (UN/EDIFACT D.03A, Data Element 1001).
  • An invoice issued by the seller can be for one or
    more transactions.
  • An invoice may refer to goods or items or
    services related to one or more orders, delivery
    instructions, call offs, etc.
  • An invoice may contain references to payment
    terms
  • An invoice for cross border transactions may
    contain additional information for customs and/or
    statistical purposes/services
  • An invoice may contain transport details
  • Purchase Order
  • A purchase order is a document/message
    specifying details for goods or services ordered
    under conditions agreed between the seller and
    the buyer.

12
UN/LOCODE Field of application (Invoice)
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
13
UN/LOCODE Field of application (Invoice)
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
14
UN/LOCODE Field of application (UNTDED)
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • Port/airport of loading
  • Consignment. Loading Location Text. Tag 3334
  • Example Genève, Switzerland
  • Consignment. Loading Location Identifier. Tag
    3335
  • Use of UNECE Recommendation No. 16 UN/LOCODE.
  • Example CHGVA
  • Port/airport of discharge
  • Consignment. Discharge Location Text. Tag 3392
  • Example Valparaiso, Chile
  • Consignment. Discharge Location Identifier. Tag
    3393
  • Use of UNECE Recommendation No. 16 UN/LOCODE.
  • Example CLVAP
  • Final place of delivery
  • Delivery. Location Text. Tag 3246
  • Example Santiago, Chile
  • Delivery. Location Identifier. Tag 3247
  • Use of UNECE Recommendation No. 16 UN/LOCODE
  • Example CLSCL

15
UN/LOCODE Field of application (Invoice)
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
CHGVA
Genève, Switzerland
CLSCL
CLVAP
Santiago, Chile
Valparaiso, Chile
16
UN/LOCODE Data Maintenance Requests (DMR)
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
17
UN/LOCODE Sample of Users
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
18
UN/LOCODE Database
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • Locations 42.000
  • Total Entries 74.000
  • IATA (11.000)
  • UPU ( 1.400)
  • EUROSTAT ( 1.600)
  • Lloyds (18.000)

19
UN/LOCODE Database (Download)
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • Code List formats
  • Text
  • CSV (Comma Separated Values)
  • MS Access
  • HTML

20
UN/LOCODE Analysis of Internet hits
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • Visitors 33.000 / month
  • Downloads 1.900 / month

21
UN/LOCODE Contact Information
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • UNECE Trade Development and Timber Division
  • Claudio Meza
  • 41 22 917.13.66
  • claudio.meza_at_unece.org
  • http//www.unece.org/locode
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