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AP World

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Chapter 9 AP World Byzantine Russia Medieval Europe Crusades – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AP World


1
Chapter 9
  • AP World
  • Byzantine
  • Russia
  • Medieval Europe
  • Crusades

2
Byzantine Empire
  • Rome falls in the West
  • Constantinople lives on from 300 to 1200 C.E.
  • Byzantine Emperor appoints the patriarch and
    intervened in doctrinal disputes
  • Polytheism will be removed and Christianity will
    be adopted

3
Problems from the outside
  • Huns and the Goths from the North
  • Sasanids from the east
  • Arabian state will invade from Southeast and take
    present day
  • Syria
  • Egypt
  • Tunisia
  • Islam will be favored over Christianity

4
Internal Problems
  • Experienced declining relations with Western
    Popes and Princes
  • Church Govt
  • 1054 Formal split of the religion with Latin
    and Orthodox churches

5
The Loss of the Middle Class
  • Tremendous gap between the wealthy
  • and the peasants
  • A decline in urbanism will lead to a loss of the
    Merchant/middle class
  • Too much Govt control over prices and supplies
  • Constantinople will be well taken of

No Merchants
6
The appearance of the Empire
  • Western nations felt it was a crumbling empire
    ready to go and no power
  • The Empire felt the west were all barbarians
    and not civilized

7
Comparisons to the Roman Empire?
  • Positives
  • Geography trade
  • Powerful names ruler
  • Spirit for ART
  • Cities positions difficult to take

8
Compare Part II
  • Pleasure loving society
  • No fixed rule of succession
  • Violence within society
  • Internal decay
  • Outside focus to enemy

9
Why does Rome Fall? Does History repeat itself?
  • Urban decay
  • No Middle Class
  • Inflation less gold within circulation
  • Merchants raised the prices of goods
  • Decline in Moral Values
  • Military spending was too costly
  • Outside focus on invaders
  • Political unrest
  • 37 emperors in a 100 year span (circa
    150CE)

10
Any Achievements?
  • Body of Civil Law
  • Common Law based on lower courts
  • customs/traditions
  • Institutes that teach law to students
  • People can digest law simplify rulings
  • Legislation is condensed
  • Justinian laws novel
  • Became the basis of western civil law

11
Architecture
  • Domed buildings
  • The Italians will adopt or modify from these
    plans in the 15th century

12
Religion
  • Cyril and Methodius preached to slaves of Moravia
    and taught them how to write
  • Cyrillic script

Greek
Coptic
13
Early Medieval Europe
  • Years 300 to 1000 C.E.

14
Russia
  • Territory is from Caspian/Black sea in the South
    to
  • Baltic and White seas in North
  • Rivers are easy to navigate

15
Maps of the Empires
16
Another Map Pretty Please
Silk
Maritime
17
Early History
  • Slavs in the East
  • Finns in the North
  • Turks in the South
  • Varangians (invaders from Scandanavia) name given
    by Slavs and Greek in Byzantine
  • Vikings
  • Founded by Rurik a Norweigen Viking
  • Connected to the Silk Routes
  • Rus societies of Slav farmers ruled by Varangians

18
City structures
  • Important cities
  • Population 40,000
  • Artisans and craftsmen
  • KIEV
  • NOVGOROD
  • Why?
  • Compare to other Empires?

19
Vladimir I
  • A baby Byzantine
  • How?
  • Orthodox Churches
  • Cyrillic language
  • Built churches
  • Trade routes connected to Byzantine Empire

St. Sophia Church
20
Society and Culture
Dome
  • Land is poor for agriculture
  • Short growing season
  • Primitive farming technology
  • Power?
  • Who controls trade not land!

21
Religion a hard sell !
  • Pagan rituals are entrenched in class structure
  • Polygamy and Paganism reigns until 1100s
  • The Church gains power through collection of Taxes

22
Western Europe revives
  • 1,000 to 1200
  • Technology will be reborn because of self
    governing cities

AAAHHHHH
23
Population boom
  • Farming technology
  • More food means more people!
  • Team of horses not the ox
  • Moldboard plow
  • Horse Collar
  • Breast strap harness

24
Cities become a focus
  • Italy and Flanders
  • Rely on Trade?
  • Manufacturing of items

25
Italy Venice
Sea Power Trade w/ Muslims
26
Flanders Ghent
Textiles or Finished products
27
Flanders
28
The Crusades
  • Military campaigns against the Muslims
  • Factors
  • Knights willing to fight for a religious purpose
  • Younger sons to own land
  • Trade
  • Missionaries

29
Christians VS Muslims
  • Pope Urban II urged western Europe to stop
    fighting inside the world and fight a common
    enemy
  • Impact Greek Philosophers introduced to
  • Europe

30
Results
  • They made no permanent conquests of the Holy
    Land.
  • They did not retard the advance of Islam. Far
    from aiding the Eastern Empire, they hastened its
    disintegration.
  • They also revealed the continuing inability of
    Latin Christians to understand Greek Christians,
    and they hardened the schism between them.
  • They fostered a harsh intolerance between Muslims
    and Christians - They were marked, and marred,
    by a recrudescence of anti-Semitism

31
Study/ Read/ Know/Love chapter 9
  • Bye now
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