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Democracy: Principles and Institutions

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Democracy: Principles and Institutions I. Forms of Government 1) Source of power/sovereignty Power from the people democracy Direct vs. Representative (republic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Democracy: Principles and Institutions


1
Democracy Principles and Institutions
2
I. Forms of Government
  • 1) Source of power/sovereignty
  • Power from the people? democracy
  • Direct vs. Representative (republic)
  • Power withheld from the people? authoritarian
    dictatorship autocracy, monarchy, aristocracy,
    oligarchy, kleptocracy, theocracy
  • Strive for totalitarian control militaristic
    outward appearances of democracy
  • Illiberal democracy form w/o content

3
2) Geographic Distribution
  • Unitary
  • State governments Danville exists at convenience
    of Sacramento
  • Confederate
  • Independent, sovereign states in loose alliance
  • Key cannot legislate over individuals
  • Federal
  • Overlapping division central (federal, state) and
    regional governments (State)

4
3) Division of Power within Government
  • Legislative (makes laws) Executive
    (executes/carries out laws) Judicial (interprets
    laws)
  • Divisions not so clear cut necessary overlap
  • Presidential separate, independent, coequal,
    checks and balances
  • Parliamentary executive members of legislature
    chosen by, removable by, legislature
  • No confidence votes coalition governments
  • Less likely to deadlock/fewer checks balances

5
II. Principles of Democracy
  • 1) Fundamental worth dignity every person
  • 2) Equality of all
  • A) oppy B) law
  • 3) Majority rule w/minority rights
  • 4) Necessity compromise (process, not end)
  • 5) Widest degree indiv. freedom

6
III. Necessary Ideals
  • 1) Effective Participation
  • 2) Equality in Voting
  • 3) Enlightened Understanding
  • 4) Final control over agenda
  • 5) Inclusion of adults

7
IV. Required Institutions
  • 1) Elected officials
  • 2) Free, fair, frequent elections
  • 3) Freedom of expression
  • 4) Alternative sources information
  • 5) Associational autonomy
  • 6) Inclusive citizenship
  • Capitalism?

8
V. Advantages of Democracy
  • 1) Avoid tyranny
  • 2) Essential rights
  • 3) General freedom
  • 4) Self determination
  • 5) Moral autonomy
  • 6) Human development
  • 7) Protecting essential personal interests

9
  • 8) Political equality
  • 9) Peace-seeking
  • 10) Prosperity
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