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Continuation - Building Partnerships for Cities without Slums in E.

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Title: Continuation - Building Partnerships for Cities without Slums in E.


1
Continuation - Building Partnerships for Cities
without Slums in E. S. Africa
CDS/Slum Upgrading
Sub-Saharan Africa
Summary
Continuation of Sida non-core funding for
2006-2008 for an advisor for the sub-region to
help build partnerships of cities and development
partners so as to achieve CA objectives in
Eastern Southern Africa. The TOR and
implementation arrangements will be
reviewed/updated for the 2007-2008 period.
Activities
Objectives
  • Support CA members and grant recipients in the
    region in project design, implementation and
    administration
  • Support CA knowledge networking activities in the
    region in coordination with CA Secretariat staff
  • Assist in the monitoring and oversight of the
    rapidly growing CA portfolio in the region
  • Improve number and quality of CA slum upgrading
    and CDS activities in the sub-region
  • Improve coherence of effort and coordination
    amongst CA members in the sub-region
  • Assist in the advancement of knowledge about
    citywide slum upgrading and city development
    strategies
  • Overall, assist local and national governments in
    their efforts to improve the lives of slum
    dwellers.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor Sida, World Bank
Request to CA 364,450 Co-financing
45,000 Total Budget 409,450
Submitted by Sida, World Bank
Duration 2.5 years
Implemented by World Bank CA Monitor William
Cobbett
Expected Impact and Results
  • Increased effort by CA members, cities and
    countries in the region to scale up slum
    upgrading and CDS
  • The establishment of targets and plans by cities
    and countries to achieve Targets 10 11 of the
    MDGs
  • Improved quality of the Cities Alliance
    programmes in the sub-region.

2
Optimising Cities Alliance Participation in
Africities Summit 2006
Sub-Saharan Africa
Summary
The fourth Africities Summit brings together
3,000 participants from Africa and around the
world, including 1000 politicians representing 53
different African nations (heads of state,
ministers, mayors), international development
agencies, small and medium-sized enterprises,
etc. to discuss ways of cooperation at the local
level in order to achieve the MDGs. This proposal
outlines the Cities Alliances engagement at the
Summit.
Activities
Objectives
  • Organization of four sessions on (1) Rethinking
    Planning and Programming Processes (2)
    Rethinking Financial Policies (together with
    AfD) (3) The Positive Impact of Urbanization
    (4) Local Economic Development Experiences in
    Africa (together with MDP/PDM)
  • Organization of an exhibition booth at the
    International Mayors and Local Governments
    Exhibition Fair, Citexpo (to be shared with
    members of the CA)
  • Organization of three book-launches
  • Preparation of a poster and other dissemination
    materials.
  • High-profile presence of the Cities Alliance
    (CA) at the Africities 2006 Summit in order to
  • Promote the CAs approach and the financial,
    technical and knowledge resources of the CA and
    its members to a highly targeted audience
  • Highlight CA flagship publications through
    targeted events
  • Provide regional dialogues and city-networking
    opportunities
  • Provide discussion opportunities with mayors,
    municipal managers, municipal associations,
    national government representatives and CA
    members on upcoming CA activities.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor
Request to CA 100,000
(Africa Facility) Co-financing
75,000 (CA
Secretariat) Total Budget
175,000
Submitted by
Duration September 2006
Implemented by CA Monitor K. Milroy
Expected Impact and Results
  • Increased CA assistance to cities and their
    development partners in LDCs and other countries
    throughout Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Increased recognition of the positive impacts of
    urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa.

3
Preparatory Study Participatory City Development
Strategies
CDS
Sub-Saharan Africa - Namibia
Summary
The proposed preparatory study in 3 selected
Local Authorities aims to prepare CDSs which
address social and economic exclusion. Priority
is given to Local Authorities in underprivileged
/ underserved areas. The activity will result in
a funding proposal for promoting participatory
and inclusive CDSs in the selected municipalities.
Activities
Objectives
  • Research and Assessment
  • Literature review of government policies, urban
    governance, decentralization, LED, and poverty
    reduction
  • Review of previous activities in LED and
    Stakeholder Involvement
  • Mapping of previous capacity building
    interventions
  • Exploration of options for long-term planning
    (i.e. sustainable financing and revenue
    generation)
  • Workshop and Report/Proposal Development
  • Including a local stakeholder CDS workshop in the
    municipalities to ensure participation.
  • Exploration of replication and dissemination
    opportunities.

The objective of the current proposal is to
undertake a preparatory study that will evaluate
and define the components and steps needed that
will result in a Namibian Comprehensive
Development Strategy (NCDS) for Local Economic
Development (LED) for three Local Government
Authorities (LGA).
Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor CIDA, World Bank
Request to CA 89,325 Co-financing
32,500 Total Budget 121,825
Submitted by Association of Local Authorities of
Namibia (ALAN)
Duration 6 months
Implemented by Federation of Canadian
Municipalities, ALAN CA Monitor P. Persson
Expected Impact and Results
  • Promotion of pro-poor policies and contribution
    to the sustainability of smaller municipalities,
    particularly in terms of urban governance,
    poverty reduction, local economic development,
    revenue generation and financial management.
  • Development of a process for NCDS planning at the
    local government level that will be disseminated
    and replicated in Namibia.
  • Involvement of a broad base of stakeholders in
    consultation, planning and development.

4
CDS on Urban Environment Management in Haiphong
CDS
East Asia and Pacific Vietnam
With a rapid urbanization and industrialization,
Haiphong has faced serious environmental
problems. Environment pollution has caused
adverse effects on peoples health and quality of
life, especially for the urban poor. The CDS aims
at developing a comprehensive environmental
management strategy with public participation and
knowledge sharing at national levels.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
The objective of the Haiphong CDS is to
strategically and systemically address
constraints for the development of the city,
particularly the environmental issues affecting
health and livelihood of the population, such as
air quality, water, wastewater and drainage,
solid waste, noise and groundwater. The CDS will
integrate environmental management issues into
the city strategic planning, to amongst others,
improve the competitiveness of the city.
  • The CDS will include the following activities
  • Follow-up and update previous CDS
  • Identify priority environmental action plans
  • 3) Develop urban environmental indicators
  • 4) Strengthen capacity of local government and
    state-owned companies
  • 5) Increase public awareness of urban
    environmental issues and promote public
    participation in environmental planning and
    management
  • 6) Disseminate CDS to social organizations, NGOs
    and communities.
  • 7) Sharing the lessons learned with other cities
    in Vietnam.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor JBIC, UNEP, World Bank CA Monitor
Persson
Request to CA 357,225 Co-financing
198,353 Total Budget 555,578
Submitted by Chairman, Haiphong Peoples
Committee
Duration 18 months
Implemented by Haiphong Sanitation and
Environment Improvement PMU
Expected Impact and Results
An integrated urban environmental management
strategy to strengthen the capacity of the local
government and public environmental service
providers. The CDS shall indicate a range of
strategic solutions to improve urban environment,
such as air, water supply, sewerage, drainage and
solid waste management and contribute to
strengthening public awareness. The CDS aims at
bringing the urban environment to quality
standards of internationally competitive cities.
5
National Roma Housing and Social Integration
Program
Slum Upgrading
Eastern Europe and Central Asia Hungary
Roma or gypsies are a particularly isolated
minority and have historically suffered severe
poverty and exclusion throughout Europe. This
project seeks to build upon the existing Roma
Housing and Social Integration Program in order
to put in place a National Roma Housing and
Social Integration Program. It would assist the
Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour and
participating municipalities to prepare
themselves to implement the larger national
programme.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • Develop new mechanisms to deal with housing
    discrimination and to regularise tenure produce
    policies guidelines for the NRHSIP assist
    municipalities to develop upgrading and social
    integration plans based on Roma community
    participation
  • Provide the participating municipalities with
    training, staff development, legislative and
    policy support, mentoring programs
  • Create conditions for involving more Roma by
    supporting the participation for Roma Minority
    Self-Governments and NGOs
  • Capture lessons learned and knowledge on RHSIP
    conduct horizontal exchanges among local
    practitioners develop, operate and maintain an
    electronic database and interactive exchanges on
    related topics.
  • Expand and strengthen the enabling environment
    (policies), tools and institutional procedures of
    the existing Roma Housing and Social Integration
    Program (RHSIP) settlement upgrading programme
  • Build and extend institutional capacity including
    through provision of legislative and policy
    support of municipalities
  • Increase Roma participation, including of Roma
    Minority Self- Governments, NGOs and communities
  • Capture and disseminate lessons of RHSIP for
    knowledge exchange.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank, USAID
Request to CA 450,000 Co-financing
520,000 Total Budget 970,000
Submitted by Ministry of Social Affairs and
Labour (MSAL)
Duration 36 Months
Implemented by MSAL CA Monitor Jörg Haas
Expected Impact and Results
  • Radical decrease in the number of inhabitants
    living in ghettos/settlements, and decrease in
    number of ghettos/settlements themselves
  • Better infrastructure and more qualified human
    resources capacities
  • Lower unemployment rates in the effected areas
  • More accessible social and other basic services
    in the local settlements.

6
Urban Expansion Strategy for Intermediate Cities
in Ecuador
CDS
Latin America and the Caribbean Ecuador
Responding to the most current literature that
describes a forceful demographic trend that
anticipates a two-billion person increase in
global population over the next 25 years,
primarily in urban areas of the developing world,
the proposed activities focus on preparing
intermediate cities in Ecuador for sustainable
urban expansion, with the aim of ensuring that
access to residential land for the urban poor
will be affordable in the years to come when the
city limits expand to accommodate the growing
population.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • Demographic and physical studies to ensure (i)
    adequate land designated for urban use (ii)
    basic arterial infrastructure is developed to
    serve this land and (iii) a regulatory framework
    is put in place to ensure ordered development of
    this land in line with municipal objectives.
  • Technical Assistance social and economic
    sustainability tools to focus on raising
    awareness and encouraging municipal policy-making
    around participatory budgeting and land
    administration processes.
  • Through the use of studies focused on preparing
    the cities for the demographic and physical
    aspects of growth, as well as providing technical
    assistance tools that contribute to the social
    and economic sustainability of the planned
    expansion process, the project aims to provide
    five secondary municipalities with the
    instruments they will need in order to carry out
    sustainable, minimal, long-term planning for
    urban expansion.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank, UN-Habitat
Request to CA 216,500 Co-financing
91,100 Total Budget 307,600
Submitted by Ministry of Urban Development and
Housing (MIDUVI)
Duration 10 months
Implemented by World Bank, UN-Habitat CA
Monitor J. Haas
Expected Impact and Results
The main value added of this project is its
far-reaching preventative vision, i.e. the
application of demographic research projections
with enough time in advance to target cities that
will be experiencing the greatest expansion and
therefore taking action to build up the cities
supply of serviced land in order to meet the
needs of the population as it grows. The land
will stay accessible to the low-income population
as it grows in order to prevent the formation of
slums in the first place, and therefore avoid the
costly mission of having to upgrade unplanned,
unserviced, informal settlements ex post.
7
Prep. Grant for Squatter Management Low-Income
Housing Policy Development
Latin America and the Caribbean - Jamaica
Slum Upgrading

The Government of Jamaica has prioritized issues
of inner-city and urban upgrading as these
pockets of dense urban and peri-urban settlements
have become the flashpoints in the escalation of
crime and violence, extreme poverty and social
exclusion. This project will provide assistance
for a preparation grant to design and develop a
broader technical assistance program proposal for
submission to the Cities Alliance.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • Analysis of available data on squatter
    management and low-income housing issues
    (including scope of the squatting situation the
    policy, the legal and the fiscal challenges the
    housing demand and supply situation)
  • Assessment of the legal, regulatory and
    institutional frameworks governing squatter
    management, land management and the low-income
    housing sectors in Jamaica
  • Assessment of public expenditure patterns on
    inner-city improvement, regularization and
    low-income housing
  • Prepare TORs, a detailed Work Program and Action
    Plan for Stages 2-4.

The objectives of this preparation grant would be
to undertake a rapid stocktaking of available
information on informal settlements in Jamaica
and to support the Government of Jamaica in
conceptualizing and designing a process by which
a comprehensive Squatter Policy and Program can
be developed. The proposed preparation grant
would support the first stage of a four-stage
process outlined by the Government of Jamaica
that involves (i) stock-taking and proposal
development (ii) detailed analytical work (iii)
policy and program design and (iv) program
implementation.
Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank
Request to CA 55,000 Co-financing
10,000 Total Budget 65,000
Submitted by The Planning Institute of Jamaica
Duration 3 months
Implemented by World Bank CA Monitor Jörg Haas
Expected Impact and Results
  • As a preparatory grant, the proposed activity
    does not aim to have broader impacts. The key
    measurable outcomes from the assignment will
    include an integrated analysis of the squatter
    situation, identification of key analytical gaps,
    TORs for subsequent phases of work and a
    comprehensive action plan for the development of
    the policy and program.

8
Regularization toolkit for sustainable land
regularization actions
Slum Upgrading
Latin America and the Caribbean Brazil
This proposal builds on the successful Cities
Alliance-funded Support to the National Program
for Land Tenure Regularization and
Socio-Environmental Risk Prevention in Precarious
Settlements project. It encompasses the
preparation and distribution of a set of
instruments for the recruitment and training of
local agents (city officials, representatives of
social movements, district attorneys,
neighborhood associations), to disseminate and
scale up the sustainable land tenure
regularization actions being supported by the
Federal Government, which involve precarious
urban settlements throughout the country.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • Preparation of the graphic design for the
    toolkit
  • Preparation of the handbook of land tenure
    regularization
  • Virtual law library CD
  • Virtual law library CD
  • Reprinting of the book "Regularização Fundiária
    de Assentamentos Informais Urbanos" (Land tenure
    regularization of informal urban settlements)
  • Production of a primer on land tenure
    regularization
  • Packaging and distribution of the land tenure
    regularization toolkit.

The general objective of this project is to
expand the scope and enhance the efficiency of
the sustainable land tenure regularization
process in the different regions of Brazil,
through the production and distribution of a set
of instruments for publicizing, capacity
building, and mobilization actions for
sustainable land tenure regularization. The
outputs to be developed should contribute to
training public officials and community leaders,
NGO operatives, law practitioners and other local
change agents in the different regions of Brazil.
Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank, UN-Habitat, Italy
Request to CA 75,000 Co-financing
76,916 Total Budget 151,916
Submitted by Ministry of Cities
Duration 5 months
Implemented by World Bank CA Monitor J. Haas
Expected Impact and Results
The main impact foreseen is that the distributed
material will stimulate states and
municipalities, as well as other entities to make
land tenure regularization an important item on
their political agendas, contributing to a
significant growth in the number of
municipalities taking actions to promote land
tenure regularization, and to speed up current
land tenure regularization procedures, thereby
increasing the number of title deeds granted and
their registration at registry offices.
9
Poverty-Focused CDS for the Metropolitan Region
of Belo Horizonte (MRBH)
Latin America and the Caribbean Brazil
CDS/Upgrading
The MRBH currently comprises 34 municipalities
with a total population of approximately 4.5
million. The municipalities have formed a
Metropolitan Pact aiming to build a
consensus-based strategy to stimulate the
development of the region, contributing to
poverty reduction by identifying and implementing
investments in the activities and/or services of
common interest. The CDS is the tool that would
define the development path.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • Gathering information on the MRBH and preparing
    a participatory diagnosis
  • Building a strategic vision
  • Identifying project priorities and
    implementation mechanisms
  • Developing a management model for the
    Metropolitan Pact.
  • Implement institutional and cooperative
    mechanisms for the MRBH to enhance its economic
    development and reduce poverty
  • Define a development agenda that involves the
    stakeholders, identifies priority actions to
    include the poor and identifies poverty reduction
    and sustainable development programmes
  • Identify investments, in land, housing and
    infrastructure, outlined in a five-year Capital
    Investment Program (CIP)
  • Define and implement the institutional
    arrangements for the participatory management of
    the Metropolitan Pact
  • Provide technical and financial support to the
    preparation and/or review of local Master Plans.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank, Italy, Brazil - Ministry
of Cities Caixa Econômica Federal, UN-Habitat
Request to CA 500,000 Co-financing
2,113,786 Total Budget 2,613,786
Submitted by Governor, State of Minas Gerais
Duration 18 months
Implemented by Secretariat for Regional Dev.
Urban Policy CA Monitor P. Persson
Expected Impact and Results
  • Poverty reduction through the implementation of
    cooperation between the state, municipalities and
    the private sector
  • Economic growth, reflecting the exploitation of
    the region's potential
  • Approval of a participatory and inclusive set of
    mechanisms for metropolitan management in the
    MRBH
  • Identification of a group of priorities and of a
    concrete portfolio of projects to be financed
  • Harmonisation of the guidelines defined by the
    CDS with the Municipal Master Plans and Approval
    of Municipal Master Plans.

10
Towards a Neighborhood Improvement Policy
Slum Upgrading
Latin America and the Caribbean - Costa Rica
To curb the sharp increase of slums in the
country and meet MDG Target 11, the Government of
Costa Rica has allocated USD30,000,000 for the
implementation of countrywide neighborhood
improvement programmes in 2006-2010. This
application aims at supporting this programme
with a national slum upgrading policy focusing on
citywide slum upgrading activities in select
cities, including the capital city.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • Formulation of a national pro-poor policy and
    strategy for slum improvement that establishes
    the levels of competence and responsibility of
    national, provincial and local governments,
    including a component of effective citizen
    participation
  • Implementation of neighborhood improvement pilot
    interventions in 12 districts (sub-municipal
    division) covering approximately 120
    neighborhoods with an estimated 6.000 families.
  • To develop a national slum improvement policy,
    that
  • allows central and local governments to
    carry-out integrated slum improvement programs
    and projects and
  • contributes to reducing urban poverty with
    emphasis on female-headed households.
  • Implementation of pro-poor neighborhood
    improvement interventions in a priority number of
    vulnerable communities.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor UN- Habitat, FLACMA/ UCLGA,
Request to CA 500,000 Co-financing
13,485,000 Total Budget 14,035,000
Submitted by Ministry of Housing and Human
Settlements
Duration 18 months
Implemented by Ministry of Housing Human
Settlements CA Monitor F. Tebbal
Expected Impact and Results
  • Improvement in the living conditions of the
    target communities achieved by the end of the
    project
  • Create a demonstration effect in neighboring
    communities and the emergence of spontaneous
    replication activities
  • Impact on the mobilization of communities and
    stakeholders for the better implementation of
    these activities.

11
Aleppo City Development Strategy
Middle East and North Africa - Syria
CDS
Development in Aleppo is guided by a Master plan
adopted in 2002 and City Council priorities
adopted in 2003. Both must be reviewed and a
strategy prepared that meets feasibility
criteria, funding constraints, and the reform
agenda of the next national 5-Year Plan. The
proposed CDS focuses on key concerns related to
poverty, income and employment, and quality of
life concerns in five key areas local economic
development, urban service delivery, the urban
environment, urban spatial efficiency, and
administrative and financial modernization.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • Developing a future vision of Aleppo shared by
    all stakeholders
  • Translating that vision into goals
  • Setting out specific objectives to be achieved
  • Translating those objectives into tangible
    programs and
  • Developing specific action plans according to the
    priorities agreed upon through consultation with
    stakeholders.
  • Support the formulation of a city development
    strategy for Aleppo in consultation with local
    stakeholders
  • Develop institutional capacity that ensures
    implementation of Aleppo planning priorities and
  • Prepare training material on lessons learned and
    support dissemination.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
Request to CA 340,000 Co-financing
600,000 Total Budget 940,000
Submitted by Municipality of Aleppo
Duration 15 months
Implemented by Municipality of Aleppo, GTZ CA
Monitor P. Persson
CA Sponsor GTZ
Expected Impact and Results
   - Improved overall performance and efficiency
of municipal departments - Improved urban
planning practices and - Improved
policies/mechanisms for small scale enterprise
and informal sector housing.
12
Support to the Community-Led Infrastructure
Finance Facility (CLIFF) and Widening the Scope
of this Facility
Multi-Regional Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia
CLIFF is a facility that provides loan finance
for slum development projects that are
implemented by the urban poor, and which have the
potential to influence policy and practice that
in turn can lead to a scaling-up in the provision
of suitable housing and related infrastructure
for the urban poor. This proposal is a
continuation of the ongoing Sida support to
CLIFF, but also aims to widen the present process
and prepare the CLIFF facility and the
institutions involved to examine ways forward
beyond the present project period.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • The objectives of this proposal are the
    following
  • (1) Consolidation of CLIFF, India
  • (2) Upscaling of CLIFF, Kenya
  • (3) Setting up a CLIFF 3
  • (4) The conceptualisation, design and, if
    appropriate, the capitalisation of an Urban Poor
    Global Fund
  • The envisaged activities include, amongst others
    (full list see proposal)
  • Mainstreaming access to finance project finance
    for slum upgrading (e.g. creation of bankable
    projects, development of portable guarantees)
  • Research and engage with financial institutions
    nationally and regionally, negotiation on
    financial models
  • Document learning of financing urban poor housing
    and disseminate to government and private sector
  • Financial modelling and commencement of
    negotiations of at least one private public and
    community upgrading project
  • CLIFF 3 selection of country, implementation
    plan, set-up of facility, etc.
  • Urban Poor Global Fund relevance, corporate
    structure, finance/personal policies, business
    plan outline, etc.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor DFID, Sida, World Bank, Homeless
International
Request to CA 2.36 mil Parallel
financing 0.24 mil Total Budget
2.60 mil (increase to previous commitments)
Submitted by Sida
Duration 3 years (including 2006)
Implemented by Homeless International (with
local partners) CA Monitor K. Milroy
Expected Impact and Results
The support to the Community-Led Infrastructure
Finance Facility will lead to reductions in urban
poverty by increasing poor communities access to
commercial and public sector finance for medium
and large-scale infrastructure and housing
initiatives.
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