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The Great Depression and Dust Bowl

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Title: The Great Depression and Dust Bowl


1
The Great Depression and Dust Bowl
  • Essential Questions
  • Analyze the political, economic, and social
    impact of the Great Depression on Texas
  • Explain how the Dust Bowl affected the political,
    economic, and social development of Texas

Dorothea Langes haunting portrait of a migrant
worker cradling her two young children.
2
The Great Depression Begins
  • Herbert Hoover became President of the U.S. in
    1929.
  • He had been in office for only 7 months when Wall
    Street stock market prices fell
    sharplyculminated on Oct. 29, aka Black
    Tuesday.

3
Stock Market Crash of 1929
  • Many investors, hoping to make quick fortunes,
    drove up the price of stock.
  • Some investors borrowed money heavily to buy
    stocks, and when stock prices fell, those
    investors and the banks that loaned them money
    were wiped out.

4
The Great Depression Expands Nationwide
  • Factories closed
  • Widespread unemployment
  • Low morale
  • Hoover greatly underestimated the severity of the
    crisis and believed that relief efforts should
    begin at the state and city levels.
  • Hoovervilles emergeshanty towns built by
    homeless people

5
Too Much Oil
  • Ross Sterling elected as governor in 1930
  • Wildcatter, Columbus Marion Dad Joiner, drilled
    an oil well in northern Rusk County.
  • First well of the East Texas Oil Field largest
    ever at the time
  • Provided jobs for farmers and timber workers

6
Oil Overproduction
  • Overproduction caused oil prices to drastically
    drop.
  • 1931 - TRC issued an order for operators to limit
    production, but they still pump oil anyway
  • Governor Sterling declared martial law and sent
    Texas National Guard to enforce it
  • 1935 - oil prices stabilize

7
Crisis for Cotton Farmers
  • 1920s Price of cotton declines
  • 1930s Stored cotton created large surpluses and
    drops price even lower
  • Texas Dept. of Agriculture urged farmers to
    reduce number of acres planted in cotton.

8
Wheat Overproduction
  • After World War I, when wheat prices were high,
    farmers tried to earn more money by planting more
    crops.
  • But, during the 1920s, wheat prices dropped
    drastically from overproduction.

9
Dust Storms Blanket the High Plains
  • Farmers plowed under the grasses of the plains to
    plant crops, but nothing could hold the soil down
    from strong winds.
  • A severe drought occurred in the 1930s and dust
    storms made the area into a Dust Bowl.

10
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http//www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/d
ustbowl/player/
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14
  • Lasted for seven years
  • Generally covered a five-state area Colorado,
    Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Texas
  • Motorists often could not see 20 feet down the
    street
  • People became ill from lung diseases
  • Many families lost their farms because of the
    difficult economic times
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