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Slavery and National Underground Railroad History

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Title: Slavery and National Underground Railroad History


1
Slavery and National Underground Railroad History
  • University Sojourner Truth
  • E-Mentoring Program
  • October

2
U-STEP
  • The University Sojourner Truth E-Mentoring
    Program is a collaboration between the Sojourner
    Truth Technical Training Center at Adrian College
    and the Center for Afro-American and African
    Studies at the University of Michigan.

3
African Enslavement
  • Tribal prisoners of war, or captives from enemy
    tribes were often the first to become enslaved.

4
Slave Ship
  • Once at the coast the slaves would be turned over
    to white dealers or Arab traders in Northern
    Africa.
  • There they were branded before being placed on a
    slave ship as in this image.

5
The Slave Ship Brookes
  • Slaves were forced to lie side by side in spaces
    less than 2 feet apart.
  • The ship Brookes was constructed to hold 450
    slaves.
  • A reported 600 slaves were often found on this
    ship.

6
The Amistad Story
  • Cinque and others destined for slavery witnessed
    the horrors onboard the slave ship and decided to
    plot their escape.

7
The Middle Passage
  • The Middle Passage disease, hundreds of
    individuals lying in their own waste, decaying
    bodies tied to slaves struggling to stay alive.
  • Few sailors signed on to do the Middle Passage
    twice.

8
The Auction Block
  • Placed on a large platform, slaves were bid on by
    large groups of people.
  • Their teeth, eyes, and appendages were looked at
    and discussed.

9
Slave Pen in Alexandria, VA
  • Remnants of the holding pens, where slaves were
    held before they were auctioned and again before
    they were lead to the plantation.

10
Slave Coffle
  • Chains around their necks, wrists, and ankles,
    they were pushed on by the whip and the yelling
    of their new masters.

11
Plantation in Savannah, GA
  • The master usually arranged for the marriages
    between the slaves.

12
Field Hands
  • Slaves were used in every aspect of plantation
    work.

13
Horrors of Slavery
  • Devices ranged from neck braces that had spears
    sticking out the sides to restrict movement, to
    shackles on the legs and arms or spears located
    on the legs that would cut the slaves if they
    moved.

14
Running Man
  • The horrors and cruelties that the enslaved
    faced daily led many of the slaves to run away.
  • Many were captured, killed, or brought back to
    their plantations where they would undergo more
    torture.

15
Drinking Gourd
  • Slaves had to learn astrology in order to study
    the stars and locate the various constellations
    that would lead to the North.

16
Moss
  • Moss served as a compass, only growing on the
    north side of the tree.

17
Henry Box Brown
  • Ingenious methods of escape began to be developed
    by the escaping slaves.

18
Frederick Douglass
  • Abolitionists began publicly speaking out against
    slavery.
  • Mr. Douglass, an escaped and fugitive slave made
    it his life journey to abolish slavery.

19
National UGRR Routes
  • This map shows various routes on the Underground
    Railroad.
  • The importance of the map is to illustrate all of
    the ways and places that escaped slaves traveled,
    mostly on foot.

20
Canada
  • Canada not only accepted the fugitive slaves but
    once there, the runaways gained freedom and
    independence.

21
Equal Sisterhood and Brotherhood of Humankind
  • The Underground Railroad was a network of people
    who came together regardless of race, gender,
    economical status, and religion to end what was
    morally wrong.
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