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Napoleon

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NAPOLEON FRANCE S FINEST OR CORSICA S CRAZIEST ? By: Allison Wentzell Yunzhu Yang – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Napoleon


1
Napoleon Frances Finest
or Corsicas Craziest ?
  • By Allison Wentzell
  • Yunzhu Yang

2
Marking Scheme
  • 5 Excellent
  • 4 Very Good
  • 3 Good
  • 2 Poor
  • 1 Very Poor
  • Napoleon Before Crossing the Alps

3
Military
  • 1793 - 1799 4
  • Napoleon was promoted to
    Brigadier-General because of his victory at
    Toulon. His had a successful invasion of Italy in
    1796. One year after that, France made peace
    terms with one of her prime enemies ? Austria.
    (See Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era 2
    3 and Napoleon Before Crossing the Alps)
  • 1799 1812 5
  • Napoleon was a great military leader and
    genius. He defeated the allied army six times. He
    re-conquered Italy after returning from Egypt. On
    December 2, 1805 in the battle of Austerlitz
    (also known as the masterpiece), he defeated a
    combined Russian Austrian army. (See Quotes Found
    on the Internet 1, Quotes Taken From The
    Napoleonic Era continued 9, and Map of Europe)

4
Map of Europe
  • France in dark blue,
  • Satellite States in
  • light blue.

5
Napoleons Retreat From Russia
6
Military
  • 1812 1821 2
  • Napoleon came back from Russia with only
    3.6 - 4.4 of his army intact. The whole of
    Frances army was destroyed in the Battle of
    Waterloo. Napoleon surrendered on June 18, 1815.
    His career over. (See Russia During the Attempted
    Russian Invasion, Napoleons Retreat From Russia,
    and Quotes Found on the Internet 3)
  • Final Mark 4
  • Although Napoleon was a tactical genius
    he started to lose the appearance of that as he
    grew older. He defeated the allied army six times
    yet he never could defeat Britain. He lost most
    of his army in the invasion of Russia which was a
    major mistake. It could also be argued that he
    may have continued to rule if he hadnt invaded
    Russia. (See Napoleon During the Retreat From
    Russia, Quotes From the Internet 2, and Quotes
    Taken From The Napoleonic Era continued 10)

7
Russia During the Attempted French Invasion
8
Napoleon During the Retreat From Russia
From left to right drummer, grenadiers,
eagle-bearer, Napoleon, Murat, marshals,
Poniatowski, senior French and
German officers, and Guard dragoon.
9
Loyalty
  • 1793 - 1799 3
  • Napoleon left his soldiers in Egypt
    without informing them he was returning to France
    and leaving them there to continue the war. He
    also left his soldiers that were sick and wounded
    outside of Acre in Egypt. (See Quotes Taken From
    The Napoleonic Era 1,Quotes Taken From The
    Tyrants 1, and Napoleon While Still in Egypt)
  • 1799 1812 2.5
  • Napoleon overthrew the Directory which had
    placed him in his position of power and given him
    he had needed to command the troops the way he
    did. He also divorced his wife Josephine to marry
    so that he could marry the Austrian Archduchess
    Marie Louise. (See Quotes Taken From The
    Tyrants 2, Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic
    Era continued 3 20, and Napoleon in the
    Overthrowing of the Directory.)

10
Napoleon While Napoleon on Still
in Egypt His Deathbed
11
Loyalty
  • 1812 1821 2
  • Napoleon left his army in Russia to
    find their own way out when there was almost no
    food to be had by foraging and there was no food
    sent to them. After he was re-exiled he never
    once tried to regain entrance to France or to
    help France remove the Bourbon King that had
    taken his place. (See Quotes Taken From The
    Napoleonic Era 3 22 23 and Napoleon on his
    Deathbed)
  • Final Mark 2.5
  • Napoleon showed that he didnt have a good
    sense of what loyalty (or right and wrong) was by
    his overthrowing of the directory (the people who
    put him in power) and by leaving soldiers under
    his command to die. (See Quotes Taken From The
    Napoleonic Era 1 5 and Quotes Taken From
    The Napoleonic Era continued 3 20)

12
Decisions
  • 1793 - 1799 4
  • Napoleon joined the army. He decided to
    attack Austria through Italy in a battle which he
    won. He decided not to attack England at this
    point because of inadequate transport. He made
    his army in Egypt independent of Europe. He
    accepted defeat and left Egypt as soon as he
    could. (See Napoleon in his First Italian
    Campaign, Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era
    continued 2 15 17)
  • 1799 1812 4.5
  • Napoleon decided to help Emmanual Joseph
    Sieyes to overthrow the Directory. He then
    outmanoeuvred him. He put his relatives and
    friends in very important positions to help keep
    control of the countries he conquered. (See
    Quotes From The Napoleonic Era continued 7,
    Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era continued
    2 19, and Napoleon in the Overthrowing of the
    Directory.)

13
Napoleon in the Over- Napoleon in
his First throwing of the Directory
Italian Campaign
14
Decisions
  • 1812 1821 3
  • Napoleon tried to make an example of
    Russia to stop other countries from possibly
    revolting. He tried to rebuild the Grand Army. He
    tried to commit suicide before they could exile
    him and failed. He then abdicated giving up his
    right to rule. He left Elba to return and try to
    take France back and retake his previously
    conquered countries which he failed. He tried to
    escape to the US after the Battle of Waterloo
    which he also failed at. (See Return from Elba,
    Copy of his Abdication, and Quotes Taken From
    The Napoleonic Era continued 3 21)
  • Final Mark 4
  • Napoleon made his army in Egypt
    independent of Europe once they were stranded
    there. He help Sieyes overthrow the directory and
    then got him to vote for his own removal as
    Consul. He also put his family members in key
    positions in the countries he conquered. He made
    peace with Britain and the Catholic Church which
    kept the people happy. (See Napoleon Deep In
    Thought, Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era
    continued 2 14, and Quotes Taken From The
    Napoleonic Era continued 7)

15
Napoleon Deep in Thought
16
Return From Elba Copy of his
Abdication
17
Political Capabilities
  • 1793 - 1799 4.5
  • As a result of Napoleons military
    success, he earned wealth, fame and the support
    of the Directory. He published newspapers that
    were distributed to his troops and the rest of
    France. What was written in the newspapers was
    controlled by him. He also ordered General
    Augural to remove the royalists from Paris which
    made the directors trust him more. (See Quotes
    Found on the Internet continued 7 8 and
    Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era continued
    2 16)
  • 1799 1812 4.5
  • Napoleon centralized the administration
    of the departments. He made an education system
    according to his needs. He made new tax system
    and a central bank. He helped to write the Code
    Napoleon (which is still in use in France
    today). He crowned himself emperor and
    consolidated his personal authority as
    opportunity offered. He made peace with the
    Catholic Church and with Britain. (See Quotes
    Taken From The Napoleonic Era continued 11,
    Quotes Taken From The Tyrants 3, Napoleon Soon
    After Becoming First Consul)

18
Napoleon Shortly Before Napoleon Soon After
his Exile to St. Helena Becoming First
Consul
19
Political Capabilities
  • 1812 1821 2
  • Napoleon was exiled to Elba and ran it
    like a little country. He was re-exiled to St.
    Helena with no status, where he died in 1821.
    (See Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era
    continued 12 13 and Napoleon Shortly Before
    his Exile to St. Helena)
  • Final Mark 3.5
  • Napoleon earned the support of the
    Directory through his military success. He
    centralized the administration of the
    departments. Gave France a central banking
    system. Set the writing of the Code Napoleon in
    motion, which is a organized version of French
    law that is still in use today. (See Napoleon
    Bonaparte Emperor of France, Quotes Found on the
    Internet continued 7, and Quotes Taken From The
    Tyrants 5)

20
Napoleon Bonaparte Emperor of France
21
Support of the People
  • 1793 - 1799 5
  • Napoleon came back from peace
    negotiations with Austria a hero and more popular
    than the leaders of France at that time. When he
    came back from Egypt he was seen as a hero
    because of the battles he won even though he
    ultimately lost that war. (See Quotes Taken From
    The Napoleonic Era 6, Quotes Found on the
    Internet 6, and Quotes Taken From The
    Napoleonic Era continued 2 18)
  • 1799 1812 5
  • Napoleon had three and a half million
    votes from the people in favour of him being
    Emperor. He ended hostilities with the Catholic
    Church and made peace with Britain which earned
    him even more support from the people. (See
    Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era 4,
    Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era continued
    8, and Quotes Taken From The Tyrants 4)

22
Support of the People
  • 1812 1821 4
  • Napoleon gave the army a chance to
    shoot him on his return from exile on Elba which
    they all declined. Upon his arrival people
    shouted Vive lEmpereur they were so happy to
    have him return. (See Quotes Found on the
    Internet 4 5 and Quotes Taken From The
    Napoleonic Era continued 3 24)
  • Final Mark 4.5
  • Napoleon came back from his first peace
    negotiations with Austria a hero to the people.
    He was seen as a hero when he returned from
    Egypt. When he returned from his exile on Elba
    the troops sent to kill him joined him in the
    thousands they were so glad to have their Emperor
    return. (See Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic
    Era 4 6 and Quotes Taken From The
    Napoleonic Era continued 3 24)

23
Quotes Found on the Internet
  1. Napoleon is like the great pyramid, he stands
    alone in a desert and jackals piss at his feet
    and writers climb up on him. - Gustave
    Flaubert
  2. "Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a
    mistake. - Napoleon
  3. My soldiers are as brave as it is possible to
    be, but they argue too much. If they had the
    impassible firmness and the docility of the
    Russians the world not be great enough for me.
    - Napoleon
  4. "Soldiers of the Fifth, you recognize me. If any
    man would shoot his emperor, he may do so now.
    Napoleon
  5. ... the soldiers shouted, "Vive L'Empereur!"
    With that, they marched with Napoleon to Paris.
    From Wikipedia
  6. Napoleon's heritage earned him popularity among
    Italians during his Italian campaigns. From
    Wikipedia

24
Quotes Found on the Internet continued
  1. This triumph earned him sudden fame, wealth, and
    the patronage of the new Directory, particularly
    that of its leader, Barras. From Wikipedia
  2. While campaigning in Italy, General Bonaparte
    became increasingly influential in French
    politics. He published two newspapers, ostensibly
    for the troops in his army, but widely circulated
    within France as well. From Wikipedia

25
Quotes Taken From The Tyrants
  1. In 1799, Napoleon deserted his men in Egypt and
    sailed back to France at a critical time.
  2. Napoleon joined a plot that took over the regime
    in November.
  3. ... he established a system of Prefects to rule
    the Departments into which France was divided.
  4. Peace gave Napoleon even greater prestige, which
    he used to call another plebiscite where the
    usual overwhelming margin made him Consul for
    Life, with the right to name his successor.
  5. ... the Code Napoleon was introduced in march
    1804. It remains Napoleons most lasting
    achievement.

26
Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era
  • On the night of August 22,1799, with his chief
    of staff, some of his best officers, and a few of
    the scientists who had accompanied him to Egypt,
    he slipped quietly away on a fast frigate bound
    for France. The army and its new commander,
    Kléber, did not know he was gone until the next
    day
  • His furious energy, courage, and resourcefulness
    were immediately apparent, as was his military
    skill and his ability to inspire his men to
    tremendous efforts.
  • Largely because of his ability and leadership,
    the besiegers were successful, and Toulon was
    captured.
  • He controlled France with the full support, as
    he was soon to prove, of the middle class and the
    vast majority of the people.
  • ... a moral monster, against whom every hand
    should have been lifted to slay.
    -Thomas Jefferson
  • Now returning from Egypt, Bonaparte found
    himself welcomed everywhere as a hero, while the
    Directory, on the other hand, was obviously
    unpopular.

27
Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era continued
  1. Almost immediately Sieyes was outmanoeuvred by
    Bonaparte, so completely, in fact, that he even
    voted for his own displacement (and that of
    Ducos) as Consul, and nominated two supporters of
    Bonaparte to replace him!
  2. Bonaparte had ended Frances war with her
    neighbours and her dispute with the Church. His
    popularity was immense.
  3. ... Napoleon won what was to be his greatest
    victory, the Battle of Austerlitz, over a
    combined Austro-Russian army.
  4. Napoleons military genius was fully displayed
    in his great victory over the Russians and
    Austrians at Austerlitz.
  5. Then, on March 27, 1802, came the Treaty of
    Amiens, by which peace was declared between
    Britain and France.
  6. He was to keep the title, an empty one now, of
    Emperor, and he was given as his kingdom the
    little island of Elba just of the coast of
    Italy... On April 28, he boarded H.M.S. Undaunted
    to sail into exile.
  7. Shortly afterward another British ship, H.M.S.
    Northumberland, carried him to exile on St.
    Helena in the South Atlantic and there, old
    before his time, he died in 1821

28
Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era continued
2
  1. Napoleon! Always enlightened by reason, always
    clear and decisive.... -Goethe
  2. Bonaparte felt that Austria could best be
    attacked through Italy. When he had served in
    Italy with the army two years before, he had
    drawn up plans for a campaign which he believed
    would result in victory over the Austrian armies
    now occupying the northern areas of that
    country.
  3. The Directors approved Bonapartes plans, and
    put him in command of the Army of Italy even
    though he was not quite twenty-seven years old!
  4. Bonaparte went to the English Channel coast,
    looked at the cold grey seas and the dilapidated
    French fleet and, in spite of having fifty
    thousand men under his command, decided the idea
    was impractical.
  5. Among the official aims of the expedition were
    the acquisition of scholarly knowledge and the
    improvement of the condition of the natives of
    Egypt. These praiseworthy objectives were offset
    somewhat by another of the official reasons for
    the expedition...
  6. In his usual decisive manner, Bonaparte
    calculated the best course of action to follow.
    Obviously, the decision would be critical. The
    prospects of almost unlimited power lay ahead,
    but even one false move could ruin everything.

29
Quotes Taken From The Napoleonic Era continued
3
  1. Actually as early 1797, after his victory at
    Mantua, Bonaparte had considered a coup détat,
    but decided against it the pear is not ripe,
    he remarked to a friend
  2. If this supply of food had been cut off Britain
    would have been in serious trouble, but Napoleon,
    not realizing the true state of affairs,
    permitted European, even French, traders to ship
    grain to Britain under a system of licenses.
  3. By the middle of December, 1812 only twenty
    thousand... in The Tyrants it is 18 000 ...
    starving, frost-bitten survivors of the Grand
    Army struggled out of Russia to safety. The rest
    had vanished.
  4. While still in Russia, Napoleon turned the
    command over to his brother-in-law, Marshal
    Murat, and hurried back to Paris...
  5. Troops sent to stop his progress joined him in
    the thousands...

30
Bibliography
  • Clive Foss. The Tyrants. London Quercus
    Publishing plc, 2006.
  • John Trueman, H.J.P. Schaffter, R.J. Stewart, T.
    Murray Hunter. Modern Perspectives. Canada The
    Ryerson Press, 1969.
  • ltweb2.airmail.net/napoleon/NAPOLEON_FOREVER.htmlgt
  • lt en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon_I_of_Francegt
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