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Greek%20City%20States

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Greek City States By Mr. Ruane Greek City States I Organization of the Greek City States A. Polis- The center of town usually a hill. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greek%20City%20States


1
Greek City States
  • By Mr. Ruane

2
Greek City States
  • I Organization of the Greek City States
  • A. Polis- The center of town usually a
    hill. (population)
  • B. Acropolis- was on top of a hill was a
    fortified area
  • C. Agora- open area at the bottom of the
    hill for assembly and market
  • D. a city states population and size
    could vary greatly

3
Greek City States
  • II Greek Social Classes
  • A. Citizens with voting rights (men)
  • B. Citizens without voting rights
    (women children)
  • C. Non-citizens (slaves foreigners)

4
Greek City States
  • III Hoplites
  • A. Famous Greek infantry soldiers
  • B. They were heavily armed with a
    round shield, short sword, 9 long
    spear.
  • IV Phalanx- Was the famous formation used
    by the Greeks. They would stand in a large
    rectangle forming a wall of shields 9 long
    spears

5
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6
phalanx formation showing the employment of
Macedonian spear or sarissas making the formation
nearly impregnable from the front but cumbersome,
tactically unwieldy and vulnerable from side or
rear
7
Greek City States
  • V Greek Colonies
  • A. 750-550B.C. created colonies
  • B. These new polis were usually
    independent.
  • C. Spain, Italy, Egypt, Turkey,
    around the Black Sea

8
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9
Greek City States
  • VI Tyranny in the City States
  • A. Tyrant- People who took power unlawfully
    (were not necessarily oppressive)
  • B. How they came to power? A new class of
    people became rich through trade. They
    were supported by poor people to unlawfully
    take power from the rich aristocrats.
  • C. This would lead to two new forms of
    government. (democracy oligarchy)
  • VII Sparta
  • VIII Athens

10
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11
THE END
  • YOU ARE WELCOME
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