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PHIL%202525%20Lec%2023%20Transhumanism

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Title: PHIL%202525%20Lec%2023%20Transhumanism


1
PHIL 2525 Lec 23 Transhumanism
  • Kenn Brown art

2
Transhumanism Carpe Diem or Playing God?
3
Morality in the news...
  • Ann Coulters visit...
  • http//www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/spurn
    ed-in-ottawa-ann-coulter-gets-a-big-welcome-from-c
    algary/article1511247/
  • The Harris Learning Library...

4
  • The Epic of Gilgamesh dates from the 3rd
    millennium BCE and is one of the finest surviving
    epic poems in world literature.

5
Julian Huxley 1957
  • "I believe in transhumanism ...once there are
    enough people who can truly say that, the human
    species will be on the threshold of a new kind of
    existence, as different from ours as ours is from
    that of Peking man. It will at last be
    consciously fulfilling its real destiny.

6
Singularity
  • Singularity...
  • the point at which technological advancement
    will become so rapid that the possibilities will
    become endless...

7
Coming to a college near you...
  • Rutgers University (New Jersey)
  • The course requires no science or technology
    background and is recommended for students with
    an art, humanities or business focus as well as
    anyone who anticipates working in a high
    technology or science-based industry or
    profession.

8
Transhumanism and civil liberties...
  • Technological self-determination
  • Reproduction
  • Cognition
  • Gender re-assignment
  • End of life technology

9
Chimera
  • In Mythology

10
Parahuman... "human-animal hybrids"
  • The Young Family 2002-3
  • Artist Patricia Piccinini

11
  • At Stanford University in California, experiments
    aim to create mice with human brains.

12
Relationship between eugenics and transhumanism...
  • Perfecting the human race
  • Humanity as a work in progress
  • Enlightenment thinking
  • Evolution

13
Deaf child? A moral choice?
14
Designer Babies....
15
Designer Babies...
  • Gattaca Trailer
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vYr1IB9RVE_Ufeature
    related
  • Gattaca Antons birth
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vOk3YjypQ-84
  • Designer Babies - Comments by Princeton professor
    Lee Silver
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vTN9ep4B9Hw0
  • Designer babies CBS
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v2ixEDLa3JlcNR1fe
    aturefvwp
  • 60 minutes Gender selection instead of disease
    eradication?
  • http//www.fertility-docs.com/htmldocs/Video_60Min
    -B.html
  • CSI New York
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vkefoIXnLAN0NR1fe
    aturefvwp

16
Ethics and embryology should deaf parents be
allowed to choose a deaf child?
  • So, riddle me this a deaf couple want a second
    child, and because of the womans age theyll
    probably need to use in-vitro fertilisation
    techniques. No problem so far until you find
    that the parents want to be able to select for a
    deaf child, and the UK governments recent
    embryology bill will not allow them to do so.
  • This is a textbook ethical dilemma, but its the
    sort of thing that advances in reproductive
    technology and genetic engineering are going to
    make more commonplace. I find myself (unusually)
    wanting to side with the government on this one
    but then Im not a parent, and I imagine that
    changes your perspective quite severely.
  • Ive sat here at the keyboard for about half an
    hour trying to formulate an argument for either
    side, but I cant find anywhere Im entirely
    comfortable what do you think?

17
Transhumanists vs. Bioconservatives Carpe Diem
or Playing God?
18
By way of review...
19
James Rachels (1941-2003)
20
Exam advice
  • Review chapters 6 through 13. (No direct
    questions about the first five chapters, although
    that knowledge might help you answer the essay
    questions more effectively.)
  • Review lectures 10 to 24. (the second term
    plus the lecture introducing Utilitarianism from
    the first term)

21
By way of review Moral theories
  • Moral Skepticism (Protagoras)
  • Moral Absolutism (Plato)
  • Virtue Theory (Aristotle)
  • Divine Command (St. Augustine)
  • Natural Law (St. Thomas)
  • Social Contract (Hobbes)
  • Utilitarianism (Bentham and Mill)
  • Deontology (Kant)
  • Ethical Egoism (Ayn Rand)
  • Ethics of Care (Gilligan responding to Kohlberg)
  • Virtue Theory (Elizabeth Anscombe)

22
Review the readings...
  • The ones we took up in class are the most
  • important....
  • The Singer solution to world poverty
  • Omelas
  • Tuskegee
  • Sherrice Iverson
  • The experience machine
  • Etc.

23
Review the PowerPoints...
  • They dont outline the lecture...
  • They illustrate what is illustratable...
  • Note the quotations...
  • Note the approximate timeframe...
  • Note the publications...

24
Jean-Paul Sartre Freedom and morality
  • We are condemned to be free.
  • Existence precedes essence.
  • There is not a single one of our acts which does
    not at the same time create an image of man as we
    think he ought to be. To choose to be this or
    that is to affirm at the same time the value of
    what we choose.

25
Viktor Frankl
  • No matter what the circumstances we find
    ourselves, we always retain the last of human
    freedoms the ability to choose ones attitude
    in a given set of circumstances.

26
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