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FROM THE STONEWALL RIOTS TO CIVIL RIGHTS: A HISTORY OF LGBTQ RIGHTS IN AMERICA

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Title: FROM THE STONEWALL RIOTS TO CIVIL RIGHTS: A HISTORY OF LGBTQ RIGHTS IN AMERICA


1
FROM THE STONEWALL RIOTS TO CIVIL RIGHTS A
HISTORY OF LGBTQ RIGHTS IN AMERICA
2
COMMON CORE ALIGNMENT
  • RH.9-10.2. Determine the central ideas or
    information of a primary or secondary source
    provide an accurate summary of how key events or
    ideas develop over the course of the text.
  • RH.9-10.9. Compare and contrast treatments of the
    same topic in several primary and secondary
    sources.
  • RH.9-10.10. By the end of grade 10, read and
    comprehend history/social studies texts in the
    grades 910 text complexity band independently
    and proficiently.
  • WHST.9-10.9. Draw evidence from informational
    texts to support analysis, reflection, and
    research.

3
OBJECTIVE
  • Students will be able to
  • Identify key terms related to the events of the
    Stonewall Riots of 1969 and the struggle for
    lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and
    queer/questioning rights in the United States.
  • Describe the events that sparked the LGBTQ rights
    movement in the United States.
  • Compare and contrast the movement for LGBTQ
    rights in the United States with other civil
    rights struggles in American History.
  • Evaluate the likelihood that the LGBTQ rights
    movement will achieve its objectives based on
    primary source evidence and the students prior
    knowledge of civil rights struggles in United
    States history.

4
AGENDA
  • Video Activity The Stonewall Inn, Birth of the
    Gay Rights Movement (10)
  • Defining Our Terms LGBTQ Alphabet Soup (20)
  • Introduction to New Material Timeline Activity,
    LGBTQ Rights from 1940 to the Present (20)
  • Test Your Knowledge Quick Review Quiz (10)
  • Video Activity Combating Hate and Homophobia
    (15)
  • Guided Practice Compare and Contrast, Civil
    Rights Struggles in American history (30)
  • Video Activity LGBTQ Rights in A Modern Context
    (15)
  • Independent Practice Document Based Question
    (60)
  • Closing (5)

5
INTRODUCTORY VIDEO
  • Directions You will now watch a short
    introductory video clip designed to familiarize
    you with the start of the gay rights movement.
  • This video describes the events that took place
    on June 26, 1969 at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar
    and lounge located in the Greenwich Village
    neighborhood of New York City.
  • The riots that took place in the days that
    followed are known as the Stonewall Riots and are
    considered by many experts to be the start of the
    LGBTQ rights movement in the United States.

6
  • VIDEO
  • Gay Rights Introduction

7
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Directions The next few slides are designed to
    acquaint you with common terms related to the
    struggle for gay or LGBTQ rights. As you read
    each slide be sure to take note of the key
    definitions. There will be a brief quiz over
    these terms before you begin the next activity.
  • LGBTQ Refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual,
    transgendered, and queer/questioning individuals
    or groups.

8
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Ally A person who identifies as heterosexual or
    straight but supports the rights of homosexuals.

9
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Bisexual A term for men or women who identify
    themselves as being attracted to both other men
    and other women.

10
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Civil Union A form of partnership granted by a
    local, state, or national government that
    recognizes the relationship between two
    individuals. This may or may not be similar to a
    marriage and the rights of individuals in a civil
    union may be the same or less than those in a
    state-sponsored marriage. In the United States
    there are several states where civil unions are
    available to same-sex couples but these unions do
    not provide the same benefits of marriage because
    of existing federal law.

11
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Closeted Refers to individuals who are not open
    about their sexuality.

12
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Coming Out (of the Closet) the time when a
    person chooses to reveal their sexual orientation
    to other people. This is often done in stages
    for example people may tell their family and
    friends of their orientation but not their
    employers or may choose to withhold information
    from people whom they do not view as accepting.

13
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Defense of Marriage Act A law signed by
    President Bill Clinton in 1996 that says that the
    federal government will not recognize any
    marriage other than those between one man and one
    woman for the purposes of federal benefits. This
    means that LGBTQ people do not have access to
    1049 federal programs and supports that
    heterosexual married people automatically enjoy
    including such benefits as social security
    survivor benefits, visa benefits and access to
    veterans pensions.

14
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Domestic Partnership A registered form of
    cohabitation that may be similar to or different
    from a civil union. Individuals, both straight
    and gay, who enter into domestic partnerships are
    not married but have indicated that they have a
    partner. In some states this allows straight and
    gay couples who are not married to enjoy some of
    the benefits of marriage such as sharing health
    insurance or transferring property from one
    person to another without tax penalties.

15
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Dont Ask, Dont Tell A law signed by President
    Bill Clinton in 1993 and repealed by President
    Barack Obama in 2010 that barred LGBTQ from
    openly serving in the United States military.
    When the law was in effect, a commanding officer
    or fellow officer was not allowed to ask a person
    in the military if he or she was gay, lesbian, or
    bisexual (dont ask). LGBTQ people were not
    allowed to openly discuss their sexuality or
    reveal to anyone that they were gay (dont tell).
    In practice thousands of people were discharged
    from the military under the policy if it was
    found that they had communicated their sexuality
    in any way to anyone such as emailing, calling,
    or social networking with a partner or attending
    events or places frequented by LGBTQ individuals.
    Under the new policy lesbian, gay, and bisexual
    men and women will be allowed to serve openly.
    Transgendered individuals are still not legally
    allowed to serve in the military.

16
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Drag Queen A person who dresses in the clothing
    style of the opposite sex for the purposes of
    entertainment. This is different than a
    transgendered person who dresses permanently and
    attempts to live as the opposite gender. Drag
    queens typically perform in drag but live their
    lives as their identified gender.

17
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Employment Non-Discrimination Act A proposed law
    that would prevent discrimination based on ones
    sexual orientation or gender identity. Some
    states already offer this protection but many do
    not. In states where the protection does not
    currently exist and employee can be fired simply
    for being gay, lesbian, bisexual, or
    transgendered.

18
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Ex-Gay Movement A movement among certain
    individuals and organizations, largely based on
    religious ideas, that suggests that being gay is
    simply a phase or a sickness that can be
    cured through therapy. This movement is highly
    controversial and the American Psychiatric
    Association has said, along with numerous other
    medical organizations that being gay is not a
    disease, that homosexuality occurs among humans
    and many animal species, and that there is no
    cure for being gay.

19
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Gay A term for men who identify themselves as
    being attracted to other men. This term may
    sometimes be applied more broadly to refer to
    anything related to the LGBTQ community.

20
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Gay Rights Organization An organization that
    works to promote the rights of LGBTQ individuals
    and combat hate and homophobia through
    programming aimed at many communities in the
    United States and around the world. Some
    prominent past and present LGBTQ organizations
    include The Human Rights Campaign, GLAAD (The
    Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation),
    GLSEN (The Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education
    Network), PFLAG (Parents Friends, and Families of
    Lesbians and Gays), and ACT UP.

21
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Gender Reassignment Surgery The process whereby
    a transgendered person surgically changes his or
    her sex to fit his or her gender identity.

22
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • GSA A Gay-Straight Alliance is an organization
    based in a school, typically in a college or
    university setting or in a high school, to
    support tolerance and acceptance of LGBTQ
    individuals and to combat homophobia and bullying.

23
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus or
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, a disease
    that has impacted over 40 million people
    globally. First called gay cancer or gay
    disease it was originally thought to only affect
    gay people. This was later disproven, HIV/AIDS
    can be transmitted to people of any sexual
    orientation. HIV/AIDS destroys a bodys immune
    system often leaving a person susceptible to
    other diseases and, without medical treatment,
    can lead to severe medical problems and, in some
    cases, death.

24
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Homophobia An irrational fear by individuals,
    organizations, or governments of people who are
    or are suspected to be gay, lesbian, bisexual,
    transgendered, or questioning that is sometimes
    typified by intolerance or negative views of
    LGBTQ people and the desire to limit the rights
    of these individuals.

25
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Homosexuality A term that broadly applies to
    individuals who are attracted either in whole or
    in part to people of the same sex or gender and
    choose to identify themselves this way.

26
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Lesbian A term for women who identify themselves
    as being attracted to other women.

27
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Mattachine Society An early LGBTQ rights
    organization based in New York City that sought
    to provide a meeting place for LGBTQ people in
    order to organize for basic rights and protect
    against police brutality.

28
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Pride Refers to the movement that developed
    after the Stonewall Riots to encourage gay,
    lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered people to
    live openly.

29
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Queer A term used by individuals who see
    themselves as not exclusively heterosexual but do
    not wish to label themselves as either gay,
    lesbian, bisexual, or transgendered.

30
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Questioning A term used by individuals who feel
    that they may possibly be homosexual but are not
    certain that this is the case, thus they are in
    the process of questioning their sexuality.

31
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Same-Sex Attraction A derogatory term often used
    by organizations such as the ex-gay movement
    and individuals who believe that homosexuality is
    either a phase or can be cured to suggest that
    this attraction can be overcome either through
    therapy or prayer.

32
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Stonewall Refers to riots that took place near
    the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, New York
    City, a bar for LGBTQ people, on June 28, 1969
    after local police raided the bar and repeatedly
    harassed its patrons leaving many wounded and
    arrested and one person dead.

33
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Transgendered A person who identifies themselves
    as the opposite gender from their physical body.
    These individuals may live as transgendered
    people or may choose to use gender reassignment
    surgery to become a transsexual and match their
    outward body to their gender identities.

34
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUPDEFINING OUR TERMS
  • Transsexual A person who seeks to actively
    change their physical sex to match their gender
    identity.

35
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGELGBTQ ALPHABET SOUP QUIZ
  • What year did the events at the Stonewall Inn
    take place?
  • A 1969
  • What is an ally?
  • A A person who supports LGBTQ rights / someone
    who is against homophobia
  • What is one LGBTQ organization in schools?
  • AGSA / Gay-Straight Alliance
  • What is the Defense of Marriage Act?
  • A A law that prevents the federal government
    from recognizing gay marriage.
  • What does the Q in LGBTQ stand for?
  • A queer or questioning

36
INTRODUCTION TO NEW MATERIAL TIMELINE NOTES
DIRECTIONS
  • Directions The timeline of LGBTQ rights is
    divided into 3 eras
  • Pre-Stonewall (1600-1969)
  • The Stonewall Riots (1969-70)
  • Post-Stonewall (1971-Present)
  • As you read the timeline of events in the LGBTQ
    rights movement pay close attention to how the
    events of the Stonewall Riots led to the creation
    of new organizations and new ways of thinking
    about lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and
    transgendered people.
  • There will be a short quiz following this
    activity.

37
PRE-STONEWALL (1600-1969)
  • 1920 - Gay first used to refer to homosexuals
    in the publication Underground
  • 1933 - Hitler bans gay and lesbian groups, burns
    the Institute of Sexual Science library
  • 1935 - Successful electric shock therapy
    treatment of homosexuality reported at American
    Psychological Association meeting
  • 1941 - Transsexuality first used in reference
    to homosexuality and bisexuality
  • 1942 - Switzerland decriminalizes adult
    homosexuality
  • 1943 - U.S. military bars gays and lesbians from
    serving in the Armed Forces
  • 1945 - Revealed that Holocaust victims include
    LGBTs
  • 1945 - The Quaker Emergency Committee of New York
    City opens the first social welfare agency for
    gay people

38
PRE-STONEWALL (1600-1969)
  • 1945 - First known female-to-male sex
    reassignment surgery, on Michael Dillon in
    Britain
  • 1948 - The Kinsey Report says homosexual behavior
    among men is widespread
  • 1948 - Hollywood begins blacklisting suspected
    homosexuals
  • 1951 - The Mattachine Society is founded to give
    a voice to LGBTQ people in New York politics
  • 1952 - Immigrants banned from U.S. if they have
    psychopathic personality, including
    homosexuality
  • 1953 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower orders
    dismissal of all federal employees guilty of
    sexual perversion

39
PRE-STONEWALL (1600-1969)
  • 1954 - Dr. Evelyn Hooker presents a study showing
    gay men are as well adjusted as straight men, at
    an American Psychological Association meeting
  • 1961 - First openly gay person runs for U.S.
    public office (drag queen Jose Sarria, running
    for San Francisco city supervisor)
  • 1962 - Illinois becomes first state to make
    consensual same-sex acts legal
  • 1963 - American Civil Liberties Union opposes
    government interference in the private sex lives
    of consenting adults
  • 1966 - First U.S. gay community center opens, in
    San Francisco, led by The Society for Individual
    Rights
  • 1969 - National Institute of Mental Health study
    chaired by Dr. Evelyn Hooker urges
    decriminalization of private sex acts between
    consenting adults

40
THE STONEWALL RIOTS (JUNE 28, 1969)
  • 120am - In the morning on Saturday, June 28,
    1969, four plainclothes policemen in dark suits,
    two patrol officers in uniform, and Detective
    Charles Smythe and Deputy Inspector Seymour Pine
    raid the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in Greenwich
    Village, New York City
  • 145am - Police begin sending bar patrons outside
    and within minutes there are hundreds of people
    on the street waiting for arrest
  • 200am - An officer shoved a transsexual who
    reacted by hitting him in the head
  • 205am - Bar patrons began throwing bottles and
    rocks at the police shouting Gay Power and
    singing We Shall Overcome
  • 400am - Rioters disperse after pushing the
    police out of the neighborhood

41
THE STONEWALL RIOTS (1969 - 1970)
  • Thousands of people crowded into the Stonewall
    Inn and onto Christopher Street in front of the
    bar the night after the riot
  • People began mass chanting with gay power slogans
    and wrote graffiti such as Support Gay Power
    and Legalize Gay Bars
  • The riots continued for several more days with
    differing crowds each evening
  • Protesters began to organize in local homes to
    campaign for recognition of gay rights
  • Within a year the Gay Liberation Front and the
    Gay Activists Alliance were formed to demonstrate
    for the rights of LGBTQ people
  • On June 28, 1970 on the one year anniversary of
    the riots the first Gay Pride Parade was held on
    Christopher Street in front of the Stonewall Inn
    sparking the birth of the modern LGBTQ rights
    movement

42
POST-STONEWALL (1970-PRESENT)
  • 1970 - First Gay Liberation Day March held in New
    York City, First Gay Freedom Day March held in
    Los Angeles, first Gay-in held in San Francisco
  • 1972 - Sweden becomes first country in the world
    to allow transgendered people to legally change
    their sex, and provides free hormone therapy.
    Norway decriminalizes homosexuality
  • 1972 - Ann Arbor, Michigan becomes first city in
    United States to pass gay rights ordinance
  • 1973 - The American Psychiatric Association
    removes homosexuality from its DSM-II Diagnostic
    and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, based
    largely on the research and advocacy of Evelyn
    Hooker

43
POST-STONEWALL (1971-PRESENT)
  • 1977 - Harvey Milk is elected city-county
    supervisor in San Francisco, becoming the third
    out American elected to public office
  • 1977 - Dade County, Florida enacts a Human Rights
    Ordinance it is repealed the same year after a
    militant anti-gay-rights campaign led by Anita
    Bryant
  • 1978 - The first Gay Pride Flag is flown in San
    Francisco
  • 1978 - San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk and
    Mayor George Moscone are assassinated by former
    San Francisco Supervisor Dan White.
  • 1979 - First national gay rights march on
    Washington, DC
  • 1980 - The Democratic National Convention becomes
    the first major political party in America to
    endorse a gay rights platform plank.

44
POST-STONEWALL (1971-PRESENT)
  • 1980 - Ronald Reagan is elected President
  • 1980 - Moral Majority starts anti-gay crusade
    nationwide
  • 1981 - The first cases of AIDS (then called GRID)
    are confirmed in the United States
  • 1983 - Massachusetts Representative Gerry Studds
    reveals he is a homosexual on the floor of the
    House, becoming the first openly gay member of
    Congress
  • 1985 - President Reagan mentions AIDS publicly
    for the first time, by then 25,000 Americans have
    died from the disease
  • 1987 - ACT UP stages its first major
    demonstration against the government for failing
    to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • 1987 - U.S. Congressman Barney Frank comes out as
    gay
  • 1989 - Denmark is first country in the world to
    enact registered partnership laws (like a civil
    union) for same-sex couples, with most of the
    same rights as marriage

45
POST-STONEWALL (1971-PRESENT)
  • 1992 - The World Health Organization removes
    homosexuality from its list of disorders
  • 1994 - American Medical Association denounces the
    ex-gay movement and supposed cures for
    homosexuality saying it is not a disease
  • 1998 - Matthew Shepard is beaten and left for
    dead on a fence in Laramie, Wyoming for being gay
  • 2000 - Vermont becomes the first US state to
    allow civil unions
  • 2001 - Maryland passes an employment
    non-discrimination act and outlaws discrimination
    against LGBTQ people in employment

46
POST-STONEWALL (1971-PRESENT)
  • 2003 - In Lawrence v. Texas (2003) the US
    Supreme Court outlaws anti-sodomy laws and says
    relations between two consenting adults are legal
  • 2003 - Massachusetts becomes the first state to
    legalize same-sex marriage while 11 other states
    pass bans on such marriages later in the year
    (today 39 states have bans)
  • 2005 - Iran begins widespread execution of gays
  • 2008 - Gay marriage legalized in California and
    Connecticut
  • 2008 - Proposition 8 makes gay marriage illegal
    in California again on the same day Barack Obama
    is elected

47
POST-STONEWALL (1971-PRESENT)
  • 2009 - Gay marriage legalized in Iowa and Vermont
  • 2010 - Gay marriage in New Hampshire and
    Washington DC
  • 2010 - Illinois legalizes civil unions
  • 2010 - A judge rules that Arkansas ban on
    adoption by same-sex couples is unconstitutional
  • 2010 President Barack Obama signs a repeal of
    Dont Ask, Dont Tell which will allow LGB people
    to serve openly in the military, transgendered
    people are still not allowed to serve in the
    military
  • 2011 - Hawaii and Delaware legalize civil unions
  • 2011 - New York legalizes same-sex marriage

48
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGEA QUICK REVIEW QUIZ
  1. What was the major cause of the Stonewall Riots?
  2. What LGBTQ organization existed before the Riots?
  3. Name 3 states that currently allow same-sex
    marriage.
  4. What is the significance of the Supreme Court
    case Lawrence v. Texas (2003)?
  5. When was HIV/AIDS first confirmed in the US?
  6. What was the focus of Dr. Evelyn Hookers
    research?
  7. What San Francisco politician was assassinated
    because of his homosexuality in 1978?
  8. Which country first decriminalized homosexuality
    in 1942?
  9. Who opened the first social welfare agency for
    gay people?
  10. What did activists do to commemorate the first
    anniversary of the Stonewall Riots?

49
IT GETS BETTER COMBATING HATE AND HOMOPHOBIA
  • Directions You will watch a short video clip
    that addresses the issue of homophobia and
    bullying in our nations schools. This is a
    serious issue and the Baltimore City Public
    Schools is working to combat bullying and create
    a safe space for all of our students.
  • After you watch the video answer the 6 guiding
    questions that accompany this clip in order to
    frame your thinking about respect in our schools.

50
  • Video
  • It Gets Better

51
POST VIDEO QUESTIONS
  1. What is the overall message of the It Gets
    Better video?
  2. Without identifying names, what incidents of
    bullying, harassment, racism, sexism, or
    homophobia have you seen at your school?
  3. What can students do to prevent this kind of
    behavior?
  4. What can schools do to prevent this kind of
    behavior?
  5. What can our communities and our nation do to
    prevent this kind of behavior?
  6. Why is it important to treat people with respect
    even if you disagree with something about who
    they are or what they do?

52
GUIDED PRACTICECOMPARE AND CONTRAST DISCUSSION
  • How are the Stonewall Riots similar to or
    different from other struggles for civil rights?
  • Directions
  • Create a compare/contrast Venn Diagram about
    several ways that the LGBTQ Rights Movement is
    similar to and different from the Civil Rights
    movement led by African Americans, Latinos, and
    Asians that you have already studied.
  • Next, use the answers from your Venn diagram to
    help you answer the 6 discussion questions about
    civil rights struggles in American history.

53
VENN DIAGRAM SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES
54
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
  • What rights are the people that we have seen on
    film and in pictures looking to get?
  • What is stopping them from achieving their goals
    why do they need to fight for their rights?
  • What groups in history do you already know about
    who have struggled to gain freedom or equality?
  • In what ways are the struggles that LGBTQ people
    have gone through in America similar to these
    experiences?
  • In what ways are the struggles that LGBTQ people
    have gone through in America different from these
    experiences?
  • What do you think the struggles that these groups
    have gone through in our history says about
    America and the experience of different groups in
    our country?

55
VIDEO ACTIVITYLGBTQ RIGHTS IN A MODERN CONTEXT
  • Directions After you watch the 2 video clips
    answer the questions that accompany the videos to
    guide your understanding of how gay rights issues
    have changed in modern America.

56
  • Videos
  • NY Gay Marriage
  • Proposition 8

57
VIDEO QUESTIONS
  1. What events have occurred most recently in the
    LGBTQ rights movement?
  2. What federal law makes it difficult for same sex
    couples who get married in one state to remain
    married if they move to other states?
  3. Why do you think the outcome of these events
    might have been so different in New York and
    California?
  4. Based on what you know about government already,
    who do you think should decide if LGBTQ people
    should be allowed to get married, the courts, the
    legislatures, the president, or the people? Why?

58
INDEPENDENT PRACTICEDOCUMENT BASED QUESTION
  • Directions The following question requires you
    to construct a coherent essay that integrates
    your interpretation of Documents A I and your
    knowledge of the period referred to in the
    question. High scores will be earned only by
    essays that both cite key pieces of evidence from
    the documents and draw on outside knowledge of
    the period. Some of the documents have been
    edited, and wording and punctuation have been
    modernized. (Rampolla 57)
  • Suggested Writing Time 60 Minutes
  • Describe how the main goals of the LGBTQ rights
    movement have changed from its inception in 1969
    to the present?
  • Explain what changes in public policy individuals
    who participated in the Stonewall Riots were
    hoping to achieve in 1969.
  • Explain how LGBTQ organizations priorities
    shifted in the wake of the 1980s conservative
    movement and the advent of HIV/AIDS.
  • Describe the modern (post 2000) LGBTQ rights
    movement and characterize the movements goals
    and ambitions.
  • Evaluate whether this movement is likely to
    achieve its goals based on its current strategy
    and your prior knowledge of civil rights
    struggles in the United States.

59
RUBRIC
60
DOCUMENT A
61
DOCUMENT B
  • DOCUMENT B VIDEO CLIP
  • ACT UP

62
DOCUMENT C
  • The Stonewall Inn in New York City's West Village
    June 28, 1969
  • "Standing Up for Gay Rights"
  • It was 120 a.m. when eight cops stomped into the
    Stonewall Inn, a dive in Manhattan's Greenwich
    Village district that had no liquor license but
    served watery drinks to a mix of drag queens,
    street kids, gay professionals and closeted and
    straight mafiosi (who ran the place). Within two
    hours, the Village was bleeding and burning as
    hundreds rioted. How did the nightly saturnalia
    at Stonewall produce protests that would kick
    start the modern gay-rights movement?
  •  
  • The uprising was inspirited by a potent cocktail
    of pent-up rage (raids of gay bars were brutal
    and routine) and overwrought emotions (hours
    earlier, thousands had wept at the funeral of
    Judy Garland). As a 17-year-old cross-dresser was
    being led into the paddy wagon and got a shove
    from a cop, she fought back. "She hit the cop"
    one of her friends later told Martin Duberman,
    author of the history of Stonewall. Later, the
    deputy police inspector in charge would explain
    that day's impact "For those of us in the
    public morals division, things were completely
    changed ... Suddenly they were not submissive
    anymore." Today gays and lesbians memorialize
    that night each year with a weekend of rallies,
    parades and partiesa spectacle as inspiring as
    the Stonewall itself. - John Cloud, Time Magazine

63
DOCUMENT D
64
DOCUMENT E
  • Document E
  • Gay Marriage Why Judge Walker Got Proposition 8
    Ruling Wrong

65
DOCUMENT F
66
DOCUMENT G
  • Document G
  • California Should Get Back in Gear on Gay
    Marriage

67
DOCUMENT H
  • VIDEO
  • Document H
  • Stonewall Uprising Trailer

68
ANSWER SPACE
  • Type your answer to your Document Based Question
    essay in this space

69
  • CONCLUSION VIDEO
  • Gay Rights Closing Video

70
CONCLUSION
  • Please be sure to clean up your materials, turn
    in any appropriate work (if applicable) to your
    teacher, and to leave your space in a tidy
    fashion.
  • Questions to think about as we conclude the
    lesson and in the future
  • What does the term equality mean in an American
    context? (Have we achieved equality in America?)
  • What can we learn about the ability of people to
    change their society by looking at events like
    the Stonewall Riots and other civil rights
    struggles?
  • What direction will our country take in the
    future in terms of treating all people fairly
    should this be a national priority for our
    citizens and our leaders?
  • Thank you!
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