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Plan for the JINR future activities in Particle Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics, including those at LHC, FAIR, Nuclotron and NICA


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Title: Plan for the JINR future activities in Particle Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics, including those at LHC, FAIR, Nuclotron and NICA

Plan for the JINR future activities in Particle
Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics,
including those at LHC, FAIR, Nuclotron and NICA
Scientific Council 102th meeting, 27-28
September 2007
  • R. Lednicky
  • JINR, Dubna

JINR Activities Worldwide Priorities in
Particle Physics
JINR activities SM beyond hadron and
lepton collider physics CDF,D0,BES-3,CMS,ATLAS,
ILC Neutrino physics, astrophysics
Borexino,OPERA,DayaBay,T2K,NUCLEON,TUS Rare
processes (CP-violation, rare K-decays)
NA48/1-3,E391a,KLOD or JPARC? Spin Physics
Nucleon structure Nuc-exp,COMPASS,HERMES,H1,PAX No
n perturbative QCD NIS,DIRAC,PANDA Relativistic
Nuclear Physics Nuc-exp,STAR,NA49/61,Hades,ALICE,
  • Priorities in PP
  • the origin of mass
  • the unification of particles
  • and forces including gravity
  • the properties of
  • neutrinos, astrophysics
  • the origin of the
  • matter-antimatter
  • asymmetry in the universe
  • the properties of
  • the strong interaction
  • including properties of
  • nuclear matter.

JINR plans
HERMESCOMPASSH1view of a nucleon structure
Spin structure function g1 - precise
determination HERMES COMPASS
Diffractive structure function F2 H1
Precise measurement of gluon polarization -
open charm (D-meson production) COMPASS
and hadron pairs, Q2 gt1 GeV2
Orbital momentum of quarks and gluons -
signal from GPDs HERMES H1
Transverse quark distributions -
transversity is non-zero! HERMES - different
contribution into COMPASS hadron
from proton and neutron
Longitudinal quark distributions - new direct
method for Flavor HERMES COMPASS
decomposition in NLO QCD (A.Sissakian et al)
not yet solved !
COMPASS-II Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering
and Hard Exclusive Meson
Production Measurements
DY Physics with Polarized Target
2007-2009 construction of the Recoil
Detector 2008-2010 RD on new ECAL
(JINR, Saclay, ) 2010-2012 GPDs data at
  • GPDs in the COMPASS kinematics
  • 2. Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering
  • µ and µ-
  • 3. Meson production (present ? studies)
  • 4. A completed Setup with COMPASS and
  • Recoil Detector and new ECAL (Dubna group)

Rare processes
  • ? NA48/1-3 ? NA62
  • ? E391a at KEK
  • Continuation possible
  • at Serpukhov U-70
  • or at JPARC facility in Japan

K ? p n n
BR810 -11
BR310 -11
NA48s 2007 and beyond
In a frame of approved at JINR NA48 Project
  • Final measurement of charged asymmetries in
    charged and neutral modes
  • Precise measurement of K? -gt3??? matrix element
  • Final measurement of pion scattering lengths a0
    and a2 on full statistics
  • Precise measurement of K? -gt2????? matrix
    element parameters
  • Precise measurement of Ke2/K??? (Run in 2007)
  • Ke4 decay and a0 scattering length measurement
  • Form-factors and branching ratio of K?? ?
    ???ee- and
  • K?? ? ?????
  • ? Measurement of Br and form-factors of K?? ?
  • Search for lepton family violating KL????e and
    KL ???e? (NA48 data).

P326 (NA48/3, NA62) Ultra rare kaon decays
K ? p n n
  • Prediction BR(K?pnn) ? (1.610-5)Vcb4sh2(rc
    -r)2 ? (8.0 1.1)10-11
  • (BR(KL?p0nn) ? (7.610-5)Vcb4h2 ? (3.0

Almost unique case in meson physics where
hadronic uncertainties are small
Important window to New Physics
June, 2007 CERN SC has included it in a
Medium-Term Plan for 2007-2011 with a status
Under construction
Experiment E391a at KEK
  • Continuation possible as
  • KLOD experiment at Serpukhov U-70
  • or
  • Experiment at JPARC facility in Japan

Study of nuclear matter at extreme
conditions (search for mixed phase)
Dubna project NICA Nuclotron-based Ion Collider
Elab 34 AGeV ?sNN 8.5 GeV
Elab 40 AGeV ?sNN 9.0 GeV
energy scan at CERN (NA61) and RHIC (STAR)
Nuclotron-based Ion Collider fAcility
MultiPurpose Detector
Following steps are planned
Years Stage
2008 Development of the booster and the collider elements and start of RD on the prototypes Development of the NICA cryogenic elements and preparation of the test stands Development of the MPD elements and start of RD on the prototypes Start of the work on Computing and network infrastructure and its creation in the minimal configuration Start of the work on the infrastructure of the accelerator complex
2009 Technical design report on the NICA accelerator complex Design of Booster and storage ring elements and creation of necessary production lines
2010 Start of the production of the booster and collider elements Design of the beam cooling system
There will be a special talk by the LHE director
V. Kekelidze

NA49 ? NA61
Study of Hadron Production in Hadron-Nucleus and
Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions at the CERN SPS

Search for the critical point of strongly
interacting matter
Measure hadron production at high transverse
momenta in pp and pPb collisions as reference
for PbPb results
Study the properties of the onset of
deconfinement in nucleus-nucleus collisions
Measure the data for ?-experiment T2K ? and K
production in the T2K target (pC at 30, 40 and
50 GeV/c)
Useful expertise for NICA
STAR experiment at RHIC
  • Gluon saturation scale
  • First significant measurements of ?G(x)
  • First measurement of flavor dependence of sea
    quark anti-quark polarization in the proton
  • Advances in spectroscopy including hadronic,
    radiative and leptonic decays
  • Detailed femtoscopic measurements
  • Search for photons from the early collision stage
  • Search for the existence and location of the QCD
    Critical Point (energy scan)

The STAR Collaboration 12 countries, 49
Institutions, 500 People
Important expertise for the project NICA JINR
spin activities
Participation of JINR in the development of FAIR
complex (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research)
  • CBM (Compressed Baryonic Matter)
  • Relativistic Heavy Ion
  • Collisions

PAX (Polarized Antiproton eXperiment) -
Polarization of antiprotons APR -
proton-antiproton collisions
  • FLAIR (Facility for Low energy Antiproton Ion
  • - Antihydrogen generation

NESR (New Experimental Storage Ring) - Electron
ion collisions - Internal target
PANDA (Proton ANtiproton DArmsdat) - Internal
JINR accelerator activities at FAIR
  • The full scale prototypes of SIS100 dipole and
    quadrupole magnets are
  • at present under construction at JINR
  • - Development of the numerical model for cooling
    and heating of the beam
  • at the internal target and experimental study
    of these processes at COSY

Dipole 2.75 ?
Quadrupole 1.1 ?
Total structure of SIS100 includes Dipoles -
108 Quadrupoles 168 Estimated cost is about
15ME, including finishing the RD.
Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM)
JINR participation
Transition Radiation Detector (TRD)
Straw Transition Radiation Tracker (TRT)
Superconducting Dipole Magnet
Simulation Reconstruction (tracking, RICH,
magnetic field)
The NUCLOTRON was used as a test bench for CBM
Proton-antiproton physics (PANDA experiment)
? Excited glue (glueballs and hybrids) ? Charm in
Nuclei, Charmonium ? Hadrons in Matter ?
Hypernuclei, etc.
Present JINR Detector Involvement
Solenoid DIRC Muon

Iron yoke Radiators Full System
prototype of minidrift chamber
Project PAX
Collaboration PAX proposed experiments with
polarized antiprotons. For this a dedicated
facility at FAIR to polarize an antiproton beam
could be built.
Scientific program studies in the field of
high energy spin physics
with use of a polarized
antiproton beam Main goal measurement of the
transversity distribution, the last missing piece
of the QCD description of
partonic structure of the nucleon.
Transversity describes distribution of
transversely polarized quarks
inside the
transversely polarized nucleon. Unlike
the well-known unpolarized distribution
q(x,Q2) and partly known helicity distribution
Dq(x,Q2), transversity
hq1(x,Q2) has never been directly
measured. Transversity distribution is directly
accessible uniquely via the double
transverse spin asymmetry ATT in the Drell-Yan
production of lepton pairs phph g
ll-X Transversity via single-polarized and
unpolarized DY processes (LPP) ! Other topics
electromagnetic form factors (phases in the
timelike region,

GE-GM separation, )
single-spin asymmetries (Sivers and
Collins mechanisms, )
p-pbar hard scattering mechanisms
Summary of JINR activities at FAIR
Accelerator complex SIS100 dipoles and quadrupoles 15ME Applied for contribution from Russia Already Included in FAIR Costbook
CBM TRD/TRT SC Dipole 6.4ME 3.0ME Applied for contribution from Russia Continue RD concentrating on TRD/TRT
PANDA Muon DIRC Iron Yoke 2.5ME 1.5ME 1.0ME Applied for contribution from Russia Continue RD concentrating on muon system and DIRC
PAX Feasibility study 0.3ME Perform COSY and AD CERN test experiments Project passed the Nuclear Physics PAC
Non perturbative QCD
  • Present fixed target experiments at CERN with
    JINR leading role DIRAC (lifetime of ??, ?K
    atoms), Primakoff reactions (?Z ???Z) in COMPASS
    hadron program and NA48/2 (kaon decays) are
    aimed to test low-energy QCD (?PT) predictions
  • Experiments at Nuclotron/NICA
  • Future experiments at FAIR laboratory in

Hadron Collider Physics
  • Tevatron CDF and D0 until 2009 (? 2010)
  • LHC experiments will start in 2008
  • Upgraded LHC after 2013

Main ATLAS Physics topics
  • Standard Model Physics
  • Higgs Boson Physics
  • SUSY Physics
  • Exotics Physics
  • Top Quark Physics
  • Heavy Ions Physics
  • B Physics

JINR is in the main stream of the ATLAS
Physics. This guarantees participation in LHCs
? Remote ATLAS Control Room in Dubna
? JINR integrated in ATLAS DDM System
since January 2007
till the end of 2007
  • Monitoring of the detector at any time
  • Participation of the subsystem experts from Dubna
    in the shifts and data quality checks remotely
  • Training the shifters before they come to CERN

The JINR main tasks in CMS
  • JINR Team Strategy
  • Integration into CMS science program
  • Concentration on a few selected physics tasks
    where JINR physicists reached the advantages at
    the stage of preparation of the CMS Physical
  • 2008-2012
  • CMS detector operation, DAQ and data quality
    monitoring during data taking
  • ME1/1 and HCAL DQM, offline calibration and
    express analysis
  • Development and validation of reconstruction and
    analysis software
  • Data management at the RDMS Tier-2
  • Off-line reconstruction and physical analysis -
    study of Drell-Yan processes
  • RD to upgrade detector systems for SLHC

Time scale of JINR Data Taking Analysis
  • Start-up
  • HCAL ? M?1/1 calibration, alignment, testing of
    muon and jet reconstruction algorithms, SW for
    data quality control and express analysis

Start of LHC May, 2008
14 TeV Run at low luminosity 2?1033 ??-2?-1
  • The first data analysis of Drell-Yan processes
  • Inclusive jet production (comparison with
    Tevatron data)

0.1 fb-1
10 fb-1
  • Analysis of Drell-Yan processes
  • Searching for signals from new physics in
    uncovered so far invariant mass region 1 - 3 ?eV
  • Data on jets in uncovered region x ? Q2

14 TeV Run at high luminosity 1034 ??-2?-1
100 fb-1
  • Analysis of Drell-Yan processes and searching for
    signals from new physics in uncovered so far
    invariant mass region 1.7 5.6 ?eV
  • Data on jets in uncovered region x ? Q2
  • BEC of the like sign gauge bosons
    (ZZ, WW, W-W-)

300 fb-1
JINR Participation in ALICE Study of Quark-Gluon
Plasma in Pb-Pb Study of p-p p-A collisions
  • JINR Physics Tasks
  • Vector Mesons
  • Femtoscopy
  • Heavy Quarkonia
  • Scientific program Study of QGP and phase
  • particle ratios and Pt spectra (strangeness
    production, collective flow, jet quenching)
  • femtoscopic correlations
  • fluctuations and event structures
  • direct photons (thermal radiation)
  • spectroscopy including radiative and leptonic
    decays (change of the resonance parameters)
  • color screening
  • ..

Networks, computing, computational physics
There will be a special talk by the LIT director
Upgrade of the Dubna Moscow link up to 10 Gbps
in 2007, 40 Gbps in 2010, 100 Gbps in 2015
Increase of the performance of the JINR Central
Information and Computing Complex. Further
development of the JINR Grid-segment as part of
the global WLCG -infrastructure
Grid solution for LHC experiments
HEPWEB Interfaces to generators
Program at
Analysis and description of exp. data obtained
Glauber Cross Sections
Reggeon Cross Sections
Electron Positron Collider Physics
  • In the past - LEP experiment DELPHI
  • Physics at BES-III experiment starting now
  • special talk at this session by A.S. Zhemchugov
  • Preparation of ILC physics (including SANC
    project) and detectors (various RD)
  • Accelerator part will be covered by G.D. Shirkov

ILC a unique international project of XXI
century with a goal to create new generation
accelerator complex electron-positron collider
for extremely high energy 500-1000 GeV
  • Most ambitious task on ILC
  • Origin of the mass (physics of Higgs boson)
  • Supersymmetry (SUSY particles)
  • Origin of the dark matter and dark energy
    (neutralino ?)
  • Grand Unification (at rather high energies)

ILC Global Design Effort (GDE). The ICFA has
appointed the directorate of the Global Design
Effort (GDE). Academician A. Skrinsky (BINP,
Novosibirsk), corresponding member of RAS
M.Danilov (ITEP, Moscow) are representing Russia.
Corresponding Member of RAS G.Shirkov represents
JINR (Dubna).
JINR (Dubna) is official candidate for possible
ILC hosting on its territory approved by GDE
stands in the list with Fermilab (USA), KEK
(Japan), CERN (Switzerland, France) and DESY
Fulfillment of scientific research and design
construction works in physics and techniques of
accelerators and preparation of proposals for the
project of JINR participation in international
collaboration on the ILC construction.
Collaboration DESY, INFN, KEK, RAS, BINP,
Neutrino physics
  • The neutrino masses and the neutrino properties
    can be determined via
  • - direct measurement of neutrino mass
  • - neutrinoless nuclear double beta decay
  • - neutrino masses from astrophysics
  • - neutrino oscillations
  • - Opera at Gran Sasso
  • - Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment
  • - T2K

Possible ways to measure ?13
Daya Bay Power Plant (17.4 GW in 2011)
T2K off-axis near detector
NA61 Experiment at CERN SPS will measure p and K
production in the T2K carbon target at 30, 40 and
50 GeV/c incoming proton momentum (needed for the
T2K physics goals) Participation of DLNP JINR
group (2007-2009) in the framework of existing
JINR group in NA61 is planned to perform this
Astroparticle physics
TUS space experiment is planned for operation at
the Small Space Apparatus (SSA) separated from
the main Foton-4 satellite that has to be
launched in 2010. Data taking period will be
about 3 years to get new data about the energy
dependence, composition and anisotropy of CR flux
at 1019 1020 eV. ( GZK cutoff). The TUS
experiment is supposed to be as a pathfinder of
the new ambitious KLYPVE/JEM-EUSO experiments on
  • NUCLEON space experiment is in preparation. The
    design, production and tests of the NUCLEON
    trigger system is the JINR responsibility. The
    trigger module consists of two X, Y planes of 16
    scintillator strips. The NUCLEON detector will be
    launched in orbit in 2009-2010.. The data taking
    is supposed to be 5 years to get new data about
    the energy dependence, composition and anisotropy
    of CR flux at 1012 1015 eV (knee region).

Funding in k (materials, equip., visits)
JINR expenses on outside projects
  • InfoCompNetwork 170/ 901
  • ATLAS 423/1479
    SM Beyond
  • CMS 284/
  • NA58/HERMES 182/ 420
    Np QCD, Nucleon struct, Rare proc
  • NA48/H1/OKAPI 128/ 375
  • OPERA 112/
    330 Neutrino phys Astrophysics
  • STAR
    60/ 269 Relativistic ion physics
  • CDFD0 72/ 216
    85/ 180
  • DIRAC 58/
  • Rare Processes 53/ 159
    37/ 115
  • FAIR-GSI 190/
  • LHC Damp 30/
  • ILC PhysDet 168/ 349
  • ILC Accel part 159/ 459
  • ---------------

  • 2202/7135.
  • incl. 470 k JINR-BMBF

JINR STC (15 May 2007) - Recommendations
  • In the updated Road Map, balance JINR
    participation in the international projects
    realized outside and inside JINR giving more
    weight to the latter (e.g. NICA). Stimulate the
    participation of young scientists in the home
  • Consider CERN and GSI as basic JINR partners in
    PP RNP. Use the participation in the ambitious
    projects outside JINR for realization of highly
    competitive scientific goals as well as a way to
    support high qualification of JINR staff.
  • Participate only in the most ambitious outside
    projects. Use essential part of the financial
    resources to guarantee the effective work within
    these projects basically in Dubna and thus make
    the work here attractive for young scientists
    from JINR member states.

Thank you for your attention!