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Elizabethan England

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Title: Elizabethan England


1
Elizabethan England
  • What life was like in Shakespeares day.

2
  • The age in which Shakespeare lived is known as
    the Elizabethan age.
  • Queen Elizabeth I ruled during most of
    Shakespeares life.
  • Elizabeth belonged to the House of Tudor and was
    the daughter of one of Englands most famous
    kings, Henry VIII.

3
Henry VIII was considered to be quite handsome,
and his exploits and lineage are notorious.
4

Elizabethan England
  • Queen Elizabeth ruled England from 1558-1603
  • During her reign, England was a prosperous,
    powerful nation.
  • Agriculture-based economy, with a strong
    military.
  • Social classes determined status.
  • Lowest class the peasants. Very poor,
    unskilled masses.

5
Elizabethan England
  • The next highest class was the laborers. These
    people worked on various farms that were owned
    by others. They were paid very little for their
    work.
  • The next highest class was the gentleman class.
    These people were merchants, vendors and
    business owners. Some of these people did very
    well.
  • The highest class of all was the noble class.
    These people were landowners and royalty. Money
    was never a problem for these people.

6
Elizabethan England
  • During this time, there was a huge gap between
    those who had and those who had not.
  • This inequality resulted in a rising number of
    slums in London and peasant riots in the
    countryside.
  • Prostitution was rampant and police protection
    was minimal.
  • Englands population grows to 5 million people
    during Elizabeths reign.

7
Elizabeths nickname was The Virgin Queen
because she never married. Instead, she used her
beauty to gain power over the leaders of other
powerful countries. She was able to fill
Englands treasuries and accumulate personal
power by stringing along the crown princes of
Europe!
8
Elizabethan England
  • The bubonic plague brought an end to Gloriannas
    (Elizabeths) golden age.
  • The disease, transmitted through fleas and a
    lack of hygiene, killed one third of Europes
    population between 1500 and 1600!

9
William Shakespeare
  • The Background of Literatures Most Widely Known
    Author.

10
William Shakespeare
  • Was born in Stratford-on-Avon, England, in
    1564.
  • His exact date of birth is not known, but it is
    celebrated on April 23, the Feast of St. George.
  • He was the third of seven children born to John
    and Mary Shakespeare.
  • His father was a tanner and glove-maker, and was
    also a prominent political figure in Stratford.
  • His father died in 1601 and left very little to
    William.

11
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12
Shakespeares Family Home
13
William Shakespeare
  • Attended a very good grammar school, where he
    studied Latin, some Greek, and science, but no
    ENGLISH!
  • Married Anne Hathaway in 1582, while he was 18.
  • Anne was at least 7 or 8 years older than Willy!
  • First daughter, Susanna, was born 1583.
  • Twins, Judith and Hamnet, were born in 1585.
  • By 1592, William was an established playwright
    in London one problem, though theaters were
    closed most of the time because of the Plague!

14
There is a significant period of time in
Shakespeares life, before he becomes an
established playwright, that remains a mystery to
modern historians. Where did Wild Bill go?
Little Willys Schoolroom
15
William Shakespeare
  • Did most of his theater work in northeast London
    at theaters owned by a man named James Burba
  • In 1599, Burbage built the Globe Theater in
    London, which William bought stock in.
  • Around 1598, he applied for and was granted a
    coat of arms.
  • This is important because it gave him the
    standing of a gentleman.
  • Actors were considered in the same class as
    vagrants and criminals.

16
Shakespeare wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets. The
plays were comedies, tragedies, and histories, or
a mixture of these three with a little romance
thrown in for good measure.
17
Most of Shakespeares plays, including his
famous tragic romance Romeo and Juliet, were
performed at Londons Globe theater.
The Globe was built across the Thames river
from London proper in 1599.
The Globe theatre burned down in 1613 when a
cannon was fired on stage during a production
of King Henry VIII.
18
William Shakespeare
  • In 1603, his company was taken under the
    patronage of King James I, ensuring is place in
    society and above all else, financial
    well-being.
  • Remember one thing, Shakespeare wrote plays for
    one reason MONEY!
  • When the Globe burned down, Shakespeare retired
    in 1613 and went home to Stratford.
  • He died on April 23, 1616 a wealthy and famous
    playwright.

19
The Globe Theater
  • "All the world's a stage, And all the men and
    women merely players. They have their exits and
    their entrances, And one man in his time plays
    many parts, His acts being seven ages."
  • --From As You Like It

20
The Globe Theater
  • The original theater was built in 1599.
  • It burned down in 1613 (did I say that
    already?)!
  • The Globe was rebuilt and reopened 1616.
  • It remained open until 1642 until the Puritans
    closed it.
  • It was pulled down in 1644 because room was
    needed to build tenement dwellings!

21
The Globe Theater
  • Was an 8-sided theater in which many of
    Shakespeares were performed that could hold
    up to 2500 people.
  • Seating areas consisted of 4 levels, with each
    level mirroring the audiences socio-economic
    class.
  • Admission to the first level, the yard or
    pit was 1 cent. This was where the poorest
    members of English society watched the play.
    The groundlings were very rowdy!!

22
The Globe Theater
  • Admission to the lowest level of seats was 2-3
    cents. Usually reserved for those of the
    laborer class, only usually to separate
    themselves from the groundlings.
  • Admission to the next-highest level of seats was
    10 cents. Usually reserved for those of the
    gentleman class.
  • Admission to the highest level of seats, the
    gallery, was 20 cents. Usually reserved for the
    noble class.

23
The Globe Theater
  • The stage was split into 3 levels, with the main
    action occurring on the main stage, with the
    second and third levels serving as balconies and
    the heavens.
  • The stage also had a trap door with a level
    beneath it, usually called hell.

24
The Globe Theater
25
The Globe theater was rebuild in the
1990s thanks to the hard work and determination
of American actor Sam Wanamaker. Unfortunately,
Sam died before the rebuilding was finished.
26
The Globe Theater
27
The Globe was also called the Wooden O because
it was built in a circle and, in the center
of the building, the roof was open to the
sky. http//www.britannica.com/shakespeare/i
nd_globe.html This open roof design allowed
natural light to illuminate the stage. Plays
were only held during the day.
28
Shakespeare died almost 400 years ago. Although
, as Ben Johnson would later write of the Bard,
He was not of an age, but for all time, his
remains lie undisturbed in the Church of the Holy
Trinity. Perhaps the words written on his tomb
capture the continuing power of a master
wordsmith, ensuring him at least a physical
peace.
29
Good frend for Jesvs sake forbeare, To digg the
dust encloased heare. Bles be ye man yt spares
thes stones. And curst be he yt moves my bones.
Shakespeare's
epitaph
30
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31
ROMEO AND JULIET
  • A Tale of Two Star-Crossed Lovers

32
Romeo and Juliet
  • A tale of Two Star-Crossed Lovers

33
ROMEO AND JULIET
  • Written in 1594.
  • Setting Verona, Italy
  • Main characters
  • Romeo Montague
  • Juliet Capulet
  • Friar Lawrence
  • Mercutio
  • Tybalt
  • Prince Escalus
  • Benvolio
  • Lord Montague
  • Lord Capulet

34
Romeo and Juliet
  • Romeo Montague a quiet, sensitive, love-sick
    teenage boy. Starts off the play in love with
    Rosaline, sees Juliet and falls in love with her.
  • Juliet Capulet the innocent object of Romeos
    desire. Falls in love with Romeo.

35
ROMEO AND JULIET
  • Mercutio Romeos quick-witted friend who
    happens to be related to the prince of Verona.
    Defends Romeo against Tybalt.
  • Tybalt The fiery cousin of Juliet. Hates
    Romeo and all Montagues with a passion.
  • Prince Escalus the Prince of Verona.
  • Benvolio Romeos cousin.
  • Lord Montague the head of the Montague family
  • Lord Capulet the head of the Capulet family.

36
ROMEO AND JULIET
  • Romeo Montague a quiet, sensitive, love-sick
    teenage boy. Starts off the play in love with
    Rosaline, sees Juliet and falls in love with
    her.
  • Juliet Capulet the innocent object of Romeos
    desire. Falls in love with Romeo.
  • Friar Lawrence marries Romeo and Juliet in
    hopes that the feud between their families will
    cease. Tries to cover up his involvement and
    abandons Juliet.

37
ROMEO AND JULIET
  • Main conflicts
  • the conflict revolves around the age old-feud
    between the Montagues and the Capulets.
  • all of the hate that is generated in the play
    comes from this initial conflict.
  • each character experiences inner-conflict over
    what they think they should do.
  • when their backs are against the wall, Romeo and
    Juliet have no one to turn to.

38
ROMEO AND JULIET
  • Romeo and Juliet hand in hand

39
ROMEO AND JULIET
  • Survival Tips for Reading Romeo and Juliet
  • If you get stuck in a passage, re-read it.
  • If youve re-read the passage and still dont
    get it , read it out loud.
  • If youre really stuck, use an outside resource,
    like Cliff Notes or various internet sites.
  • Most folks struggle with the language at first
    but eventually pick it up. Stick with it!
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