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CENTRAL DRUG AUTHORITY PRESENTATION TO PROTFOLIO COMMITTEE 19 NOVEMBER 2014

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Title: CENTRAL DRUG AUTHORITY PRESENTATION TO PROTFOLIO COMMITTEE 19 NOVEMBER 2014


1
CENTRAL DRUG AUTHORITY PRESENTATION TO PROTFOLIO
COMMITTEE 19 NOVEMBER 2014
2
LEGAL MANDATE
  • CDA was established in 2001 in terms of the
    Prevention and Treatment of Drug Dependency Act
    20 of 1994 which has been repealed.
  • The current CDA is established in terms of the
    Prevention of and Treatment for Substance Abuse
    Act 70 of 2008 and Regulations
  • The term of office of the CDA is 5 years

3
Three spheres of CDA
  • National level CDA
  • Provincial level Provincial Substance Abuse
    Forum
  • Municipal level Local Drug Action Committee

4
  • National level Central Drug Authority
  • The Central Drug Authority consist of officials
    of a rank of a Director or equivalent in the
    following departments
  • Department of Social Development
  • Department of Justice and Constitutional
    Development
  • South African Police Services
  • Department of Health
  • Department of Basic Education
  • Department of Higher Education and Training
  • Department of Home Affairs
  • Department of Foreign Affairs
  • Department of Trade and Industry
  • South African Revenue Services
  • Department of Correctional Services
  • Department of Labour

5
  • National Treasury
  • Department of Arts and Culture
  • Department of Sports and Recreation South Africa
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Department of Transport
  • Department of Provincial and Local Government
  • National Youth Development Agency
  • Medicines Control Council
  • National Prosecuting Authority
  • 13 other experts members in the management of the
    demand and supply of substances

6
  • Powers and duties of Central Drug Authority
  • The Central Drug Authority must-
  • Oversee and monitor the implementation of the
    National Drug Master Plan
  • Facilitate and encourage the coordination of
    strategic projects
  • Facilitate the rationalisation of existing
    resources and monitor their effective use
  • Encourage government departments and private
    institutions to compile plans to address
    substance abuse in line with the goals of the
    National Drug Master Plan
  • Ensure that each department of state has its own
    performance indicators
  • Facilitate the initiation and promotion of
    measures to combat the use of substances
  • Ensure the establishment and maintenance of
    information systems which will support the
    implementation, evaluation and ongoing
    development of the National Drug Master Plan

7
  • Powers and duties of Central Drug Authority
    (cont..)
  • Submit an annual report that sets out a
    comprehensive description of the national effort
    relating to the problem of substance abuse
  • Ensure the development of effective strategies on
    prevention, early intervention, reintegration and
    aftercare services, and in particular ensure the
    development of effective strategies regarding the
    prevention of HIV infection and other medical
    consequences related to substance abuse
  • Advise government on policies and programmes in
    the field of substance abuse and drug trafficking
  • Recommend to Cabinet the review of the National
    Drug Master Plan every five years
  • Organise a biennial summit on substance abuse to
    enable role players in the field of substance
    abuse to share information and
  • May exercise such powers and must perform such
    duties as may be determined by the Minister from
    time to time

8
  • Provincial level Provincial Substance Abuse
    Forum
  • A Provincial Substance Abuse Forum must consist
    or representatives from-
  • Relevant provincial department
  • Community action group
  • Law enforcement agencies
  • Research institution
  • Treatment institutions
  • Non-governmental organisations
  • The business community and
  • Any other structure considered relevant by the
    MEC

9
  • Adequate and sustained funding must be provided
    by the Provincial Department responsible for
    Social Development.
  • Any member of a Provincial Substance Abuse Forum
    who is not employed in the public service, must
    be paid by the HOD for travelling and subsistence
    allowances while attending meeting of the
    Provincial Substance Abuse Forum

10
  • Functions of Provincial Substance Abuse Forum
  • A Provincial Substance Abuse Forum must-
  • Strengthen member organisations to carry out
    functions related directly or indirectly to
    addressing the problem of substance abuse
  • Encourage networking and the effective flow of
    information between members of the Forum in
    question
  • Assist Local Drug Action Committee in the
    performance of their functions
  • Compile and submit an integrated Mini Drug Master
    Plan for the province for which it has been
    established
  • Submit a report and inputs, not later than the
    last day of June annually, to the Central Drug
    Authority for the purpose of the annual report of
    the CDA and
  • Assist the CDA in carrying out its functions at a
    provincial level

11
  • Municipal level Local Drug Committees
  • A municipality must establish a Local Drug Action
    Committee to such give effect to the Drug Master
    Plan
  • The LDAC must consist of interested persons and
    stakeholders who are involved in organisations
    dealing with combating substance abuse in the
    municipality in question
  • The members of a LDAC must be appointed by the
    Mayor of the municipality and must consist of-
  • Officials from government departments represented
    at local level
  • A member of the SAPS
  • A Correctional official nominated
  • A representative from an educational institution

12
  • Establishment of Local Drug Committees (cont)
  • A representative from prevention, treatment and
    aftercare services within the municipality
    nominated by the Mayor of the relevant
    municipality
  • A representative from the local health authority
    nominated by the Mayor of the relevant local
    municipality
  • A representative of the local business sector
    nominated by the Mayor of the relevant local
    municipality
  • A legal professional from the local community
    nominated by the Regional head of the Department
    of Justice and Constitutional Development and
  • A representative from local traditional authority

13
  • Functions of the Local Drug Action Committees
  • A local Drug Action Committee must-
  • Ensure that effect is given to the National Drug
    Master plan in the relevant municipality
  • Compile an action plan to combat substance abuse
    in the relevant municipality in cooperation with
    provincial and local government
  • Ensure that its action plan is in line with the
    priorities and the objectives of the integrated
    Mini Drug Master Plan and that it is aligned with
    the strategies of government departments
  • Implement its action plan
  • Annually provide a report to the relevant
    Provincial Substance Abuse Forum concerning
    actions, progress, problems and other related
    events in its area and
  • Provide such information as may from time to time
    be requires by the Central Drug Authority

14
  • Compliance with implementation of National Drug
    Master Plan by various government departments,
    entities and stakeholders
  • The Central Drug Authority must request
    responsible government departments and Provincial
    Substance Abuse Forum to submit annual reports by
    no later than the last day of June, and such
    other reports as may be required
  • The Central Drug Authority may request Cabinet,
    through the Minister, to intervene in cases where
    government departments or entities do not comply
    with the requirements set out in the National
    Drug Master Plan
  • The Central Drug Authority must develop systems
    and monitoring mechanisms to ensure
    implementation of the National Drug Master Plan
    and reporting by all government departments,
    entities and stakeholders

15
THE DRUG SCENE
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2014
    Annex 1 estimates 15-64 year old
  • Cannabis 7.5 (World 3.8)
  • ATS 0.9 (World 0.7)
  • Cocaine 0.4 (World 0.4)
  • Opioids 0.3 (World 0.7)
  • Opiates 0.3 (World 0.4)

16
Substance Abuse problem in S.A.
  • Approximately 270 991 citizens are problem drug
    users in 2010 report
  • 1.97 million citizens are problem alcohol users
  • About 50 per 1000 (5) of school-entry children
    have Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorders (FASD
  • Cannabis between 11.2(WC) and 50.2
    (Limpopo/Mpumalanga) of patients reported this as
    their drug of choice
  • Cocaine between 1.9(WC) and 20.1 (EC) reported
    this as their primary drug of abuse
  • Heroin between 0.3 (FS,NC,NW) AND 29.5 (KZN)
    reported this as their primary drug of abuse

17
Substance Abuse problem in S.A. Cont...
  • ATS between 0.1(KZN)AND 40.6 (WC) reported
    this as their primary drug of abuse
  • OTS between 0.1 (WC) and 12.3 (EC) reported
    medication as their primary drug of abuse
  • Access to Treatment
  • 1 in 18 requesting treatment have access in SA
  • 1 in 3 have access in North America
  • 1 in 4 in Oceania
  • International Narcotics Control Board for 2013
    (United Nations, 201445)

18
Response to the S.A situation
  • Community needs and priorities informed the
    National Drug Master Plan review for 2013-17
  • Issues
  • Better parenting skills and competencies
  • Recreation facilities and opportunities
  • Tavern closure
  • Law enforcement to reduce threat
  • Reduce availability of all drugs
  • Education and awareness
  • Treatment
  • Job opportunities and reduction of poverty

19
Response to the S.A situation
  • National Drug Master Plan reviewed and adopted by
    Cabinet in 2013
  • The NDMP 2013/17 has three pillars, namely
  • Demand Reduction
  • Supply Reduction
  • Harm Reduction

20
Supply Reduction
  • Controlling the distribution of and access to raw
    drugs and precursor materials, production and
    manufacture, sale and distribution.
  • Seizure and destruction of precursor materials,
    raw materials and distribution facilities.
  • Legal action on the use, abuse, manufacturing and
    trafficking

21
Demand Reduction
  • Preventing the onset, use, abuse, and dependence
    on drugs through the following programmes and
    services
  • Prevention
  • Early intervention

22
Harm Reduction
  • Limiting the damage caused to individuals and
    communities who have succumbed to substance
    abuse
  • Treatment
  • Reintegration
  • After care

23
Roles and Responsibilities of the Departments
  • The following are departments represented
  • Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Control
    crops
  • Arts and Culture Support occupational groups at
    risk
  • Correctional Services Correct the offending
    behaviour of sentenced persons and entry of drugs
    in prisons
  • Basic Education Combat substance abuse among the
    learners and the educators.
  • Financial Intelligence Centre Pass on
    information it receives from banks.

24
Roles and Responsibilities of the Departments
  • International Relations and Cooperation Ensure
    South Africa complies with international
    obligations through bi-lateral and multi-lateral
    agreements.
  • Health Responsible for the reduction of drug
    demand and harm caused by psychoactive drugs
    including alcohol and tobacco.
  • Higher Education and Training Combat alcohol and
    other drugs at tertiary settings

25
Roles and Responsibilities of the Departments
  • Home Affairs Combating drugs, while managing the
    movement of people.
  • Justice and Constitutional Development Effective
    management of criminal Justice system relating to
    drug offences.
  • Labour Development of guidelines to protect
    employees.
  • Medicines Control Council The regulation of
    medicines in South Africa.

26
Roles and Responsibilities of the Departments
  • National Youth Development Agency Combat
    substance abuse among youth
  • Social Development Administers the Prevention
    of and Treatment for Substance Abuse Act, (Act No
    70 of 2008) and NDMP
  • South African Police Service Ensures visible
    crime deterrence by proactive police action.

27
Roles and Responsibilities of the Departments
  • Sports and Recreation Responsible for developing
    and implementing prevention programmes against
    substance abuse.
  • Trade and Industry Regulate the Liquor Industry.
  • Transport Enforce activities through Road
    Traffic Management Corporation.

28
Roles and Responsibilities of the Departments
  • National Prosecuting Authority Assist SAPS on
    joint operations leading to arrests and
    prosecution
  • National Treasury Monitor money related issues.

29
Challenges in Municipalities
  • No dedicated people to deal with substance abuse
    matters in some Municipalities
  • No budget dedicated for substance abuse matters
    in some Municipalities
  • Some Municipalities not implementing the National
    Drug Master Plan
  • Programs in Municipalities are not coordinated

30
Challenges in Provinces
  • Limited Resources human and financial
  • Uncoordinated programs
  • Unsustained Local Drug Action Committees
  • Poor reporting
  • No monitoring and evaluation of structures
  • Poor representation in the Provincial Substance
    Forum by government departments
  • Outdated and inaccurate baseline

31
National Challenges
  • Substance abuse in South Africa is on the rise.
  • CDA does not have implementation structures in
    all spheres of government.
  • There are limited resources for the CDA.
  • Non reporting by some departments.
  • Inability to conduct baseline study.

32
Remedial Action
  • Operational structure of CDA to be strengthened
    at all levels
  • More resources to be allocated to CDA for all its
    structures
  • Comprehensive Baseline study to be conducted
  • Strengthen preventative measures to combat
    substance abuse.
  • Elevate non-reporting by departments to IMC.

33
CDA BUSINESS PLAN 2014 -2015
34
Nr Project Name
   
ACTIVITY 1 OVERSEE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NDMP BY 9 PROVINCE AND 17 DEPARTMENTS R 609 000
Item Development of CDA annual business plan 2014/15
Item Establish and strengthen the PSAF and LDACs in line with the Act (Act 70 of 2008) Hold workshop with 5 Metros and 46 Districts to support 231 LDACs
Item Create political, social and public awareness of the Central Drug Authority Address all 9 Provincial Legislatures
Item Two CDA Annual Reports to Parliament submitted (2012-2013) and (2013-2014) Present to Portfolio Committee
Item Editing, Design and Layout and Printing
Item Distribution
35
   
ACTIVITY 2 TECHNICAL SUPPORT TO CDA BOARD RENDERED R500 000
Item Technical Support to CDA (CDA claims) Ensure effective and efficient running of CDA
Item Travelling, accommodation,
Item CDA General Meetings, 2 extended for (4 days meeting), 4 EXCO meetings, (CDA Committee Meetings Governance, Research, Marketing, Programmes)    
36
   
ACTIVITY 3 DEVELOPMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE (BASELINE) DATA ON SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN SOUTH AFRICA R1 100 000
Item National Clearinghouse and Database Reviewed Dissemination of information to policy makers and civil society 
Item Conduct a cell phone survey on the use of substance amongst the youth Establish evidence based baseline of substance abuse amongst youth
Item Conduct a household survey of substance use in the country. Establish evidence based representative baseline 
Item Round table on Cannabis Position Statement and Paper to be developed Conduct representative debate to inform Position Paper and Statement 
37
   
ACTIVITY 4 5 YEAR MARKETING STRATEGY OF CDA R300 000
Item 5 year Communications plan linked to the NDMP. Disseminate information to promote public interest and foster public support
Item Quarterly Media briefings for Journalists. Health Calendar media releases. Newsletter and printed material
Item Promote Provincial Substance Abuse Forum activities. Newsletters and Media Releases Obtain Political buy-in to fight scourge of substance abuse through integrated implementation of NDMP
38
  • Thank You
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