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GEORGE H. W. BUSH

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GEORGE H. W. BUSH The 41st President of the United States of America 1989-1993 A Mass Grave of Panamian Casualties. SECOND YEAR A staggering budget deficit and the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GEORGE H. W. BUSH


1
GEORGE H. W. BUSH
The 41st President of the United States of
America1989-1993
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3
BACKGROUND
  • Born in Milton, Massachusetts, on June 12, 1924
  • he became a student leader at Phillips Academy in
    Andover.

4
  • On his 18th birthday he enlisted in the armed
    forces. The youngest pilot in the Navy when he
    received his wings, he flew 58 combat missions
    during World War II.

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  • On one mission over the Pacific as a torpedo
    bomber pilot he was shot down by Japanese
    antiaircraft fire and was rescued from the water
    by a U. S. submarine. He was awarded the
    Distinguished Flying Cross for bravery in action.

7
  • In January 1945 he married Barbara Pierce. They
    had six children George (W- former President)-
    Robin (who died as a child), John (known as Jeb),
    Neil, Marvin, and Dorothy.

8
  • At Yale University he was captain of the baseball
    team and a member of Phi Beta Kappa.

9
  • After graduation Bush embarked on a career in the
    oil industry of West Texas
  • There he founded his oil company and by 1980
    reported an estimated wealth of 1.4 million.

10
  • His father, Prescott, was a Senator from
    Connecticut.
  • In the 1960s, Bush won two contests for a Texas
    Republican seat in the House of Representatives,
    but lost two bids for a Senate seat.

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  • was appointed to a series of high-level
    positions
  • Ambassador to the United Nations
  • Chairman of the Republican National Committee
  • Headed the U.S. liaison office in Beijing before
    becoming Director of Central Intelligence

13
  • In 1980 Bush campaigned for the Republican
    nomination for President.
  • He lost, but was chosen as a running mate by
    Ronald Reagan.

14
  • As Vice President, Bush had responsibility in
    several domestic areas, including Federal
    deregulation and anti-drug programs, and visited
    scores of foreign countries.

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  • In 1988 Bush won the Republican nomination for
    President and, with Senator Dan Quayle of Indiana
    as his running mate, he defeated Massachusetts
    Governor Michael Dukakis in the general election.

17
  • George Herbert Walker Bush became president on
    Jan. 20, 1989, with his theme harmony and
    conciliation after the often-turbulent Reagan
    years.

18
  • Bush faced a dramatically changing world, as the
    Cold War ended after 40 bitter years, the
    Communist empire broke up, and the Berlin Wall
    fell.

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  • The Soviet Union ceased to exist and reformist
    President Mikhail Gorbachev, whom Bush had
    supported, resigned. While Bush hailed the march
    of democracy, he insisted on restraint in U. S.
    policy toward the group of new nations.

23
  • Bush's early Cabinet choices reflected a
    pragmatic desire for an efficient, nonideological
    government. And with his usual cautious instinct,
    in 1990 he nominated to the Supreme Court the
    scholarly David H. Souter, with broadly
    conservative views.

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  • IN HIS FIRST YEAR
  • Lebanese Hostage Crisis
  • The Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska
  • Ongoing War against Drug Trafficking

26
Invasion of Panama
  • His public approval soared following the invasion
    of Panama in late 1989
  • In a few speeches he stated why he went

27
  • Safeguarding the lives of U.S. citizens in
    Panama.
  • - 35,000 Americans living there. numerous
    clashes between U.S. and Panamanian forces one
    American had been killed a few days earlier and
    several incidents of harassment

28
Defending Democracy and Human Rights in Panama
  • Earlier that year Noriega (Their leader) had
    nullified presidential elections that had been
    won by candidates from opposition parties

29
Combating Drug Trafficking
  • Panama had become a center for drug money
    laundering and a transit point for drug
    trafficking to the United States and Europe.
    Noriega had been singled out for direct
    involvement in these drug trafficking operations.

30
Protecting the integrity of the Torrijos-Carter
Treaties
  • U.S. political establishment claimed that Noriega
    threatened the neutrality of the Panama Canal
  • United States had the right under the treaties to
    intervene militarily to protect the canal.

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A Mass Grave of Panamian Casualties.
35
  • SECOND YEAR

36
  • A staggering budget deficit and the savings and
    loan crisis (1980s continuation) caused the
    president's popularity to dip sharply

37
  • This plunge followed Bush's recantation of his
    campaign no new taxes pledge as he sat down
    with congressional leaders to tame the budget
    deficit and deal with a faltering economy.

38
Third Year
  • Emerged as the leader of an international
    coalition of Western democracies, Japan, and even
    some Arab states that came together to free
    Kuwait following an invasion of the country by
    Iraq in Aug1990

39
  • The coalition forces defeated Iraq in only a
    little more than a month after Operation Desert
    Storm was launched on Jan. 1617, 1991, and a
    nation grateful at feeling the end of the
    Vietnam syndrome gave the president an 89
    approval rating

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  • High rating fell as the year went on, as doubts
    persisted about the war's outcomeIraqi president
    Saddam Hussein remained in power and persistently
    avoided complying with the terms of the peace
    treaty

42
  • In the aftermath of the Persian Gulf War,
    comprehensive Arab-Israeli peace talks began in
    late 1991.
  • Pressure for this came from his Secretary of
    State James A. Baker

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  • 1991 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START)
    signed in July with Soviet president Mikhail S.
    Gorbachev at their fourth summit conference,
    marking the end of the long weapons buildup

45
  • Lost 1992 bid for reelection to William J.
    Clinton in a race between Clinton, Bush, and Perot
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