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Prompts, Probes and Possibilities in Teaching and Learning through Literacy Instruction

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Prompts, Probes and Possibilities in Teaching and Learning through Literacy Instruction Revised by CCSD LA Department – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Prompts, Probes and Possibilities in Teaching and Learning through Literacy Instruction


1
Prompts, Probes and Possibilities in Teaching and
Learning through Literacy Instruction
  • Revised by CCSD LA Department

2
Know What would you say about this students
work?
What are the next steps for teaching learning?
3
Analysis of Student Work
Analysis of Student Work
Trip to the Ball Game page 1
Details plus the use of previous learning of
procedural writing incorporated into his
narrative piece
Evidence of a plan is the purpose evident?
My mom woke me up to get ready for the baseball
game. I was tired. Then I had breakfast. I
brushed my teeth.
4
Analysis of Student Work
Analysis of Student Work
Trip to the Ball Game page 1
What do you think you KNOW about this students
work/level?
What do you WANT to plan for the next steps for
teaching learning?
My mom woke me up to get ready for the baseball
game. I was tired. Then I had breakfast. I
brushed my teeth.
5
Apollo 13 Clip
6
Politically Correct and Incorrect Literacy Terms
  • Politically INCORRECT
  • Homogeneous Grouping
  • Standardized Tests
  • Basal Readers
  • Explicit Instruction
  • Literal Worksheets
  • Phonics/Skills Based
  • Direct Instruction
  • Curriculum Driven
  • Skilled Reader
  • Politically CORRECT
  • Flexible Grouping
  • Portfolio Assessment
  • Literature-Based
  • Cooperative Learning
  • Open-ended Discussions
  • Balanced Literacy
  • Authentic Instruction
  • Child Centered
  • Engaged Reader

7
How To Succeed With Our Students of Promise
  • Teaching Includes
  • Explicit Modeling
  • Guided Practice/Scaffolding
  • Independent Practice
  • Structure and Routines
  • Build Background Knowledge
  • More Time on Task
  • Feedback Commentary Conferencing
  • Small groups to meet individual needs

8
National Reading Panel Report Findings

According to the National Reading Panel Report,
instruction in the following areas is necessary
for achievement
  • Phonemic Awareness
  • Phonics
  • Comprehension
  • Fluency
  • Vocabulary Development


To this list, in Balanced Literacy, we would add
  • Writing

9
Rand Report and NRP Comprehension Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Fluency
  • Background knowledge
  • Summarizing/Retell
  • Ask Children Questions
  • Children Generate Question
  • Self Monitoring Metacognition
  • Graphic Organizers
  • Collaborate
  • Visualize
  • Sense of narrative and expository story structure

10
Relationship Between Amount of Recreational
Reading and Scores on Standardized Reading Tests
  • Percentile Rank
  • 20
  • 30
  • 40
  • 50
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  • 98
  • Minutes Reading/Day
  • .7
  • 1.9
  • 3.3
  • 5.0
  • 6.4
  • 10.0
  • 14.2
  • 20.0
  • 65.0

11
Vocabulary Development
  • What Is Vocabulary?
  • A set of words for which we know the meaning.
  • Types Of Vocabulary To Learn
  • Listening Vocabulary
  • Speaking Vocabulary
  • Reading Vocabulary
  • Writing Vocabulary
  • What Strategies Do We Use To Teach Vocabulary?
  • Learn use of dictionary
  • Language word parts (prefix, suffix, roots)
  • Use of context clues
  • Themes, stories, play, music, art, science, and
    social studies

12
Comprehension
  • What Is Comprehension?
  • Constructing meaning while actively involved with
    text
  • Some Strategies We Use To Teach Comprehension
  • Collaboration and Cooperative Learning
  • Retelling
  • Graphic and Semantic Organizers - Maps, Webs,
    Venn Diagrams, KWL, etc.
  • Self Monitoring
  • Answering Questions About Inference and
    Prediction
  • Generating Questions even in Metacognition
  • Use of Prior Knowledge
  • Mental Imagery

13
FLUENCY
  • What is Fluency?
  • Reading orally with automaticity (ability to
    decode)and prosody (use of appropriate expression
    and speed, demonstrating comprehension).
  • Strategies For Teaching Fluency?
  • Echo Reading
  • Choral Reading
  • Antiphonal Choral Reading
  • Partner and Paired Reading (Collaborative Oral
    Reading)
  • Repeated Reading
  • Listening To Good Reading On Tape
  • Readers Theater
  • Listening and Critiquing Your Own Reading On Tape

14
Phonemic Awareness and Phonics
  • What is Phonemic Awareness?
  • Knowing that words are comprised of a sequence of
    spoken sounds
  • What is Phonics?
  • The relationship between written letters and
    their sounds
  • What strategies do we use to teach Phonemic
    Awareness and Phonics?
  • Phonological Awareness (Hearing individual sounds
    in words)
  • Phonemic Isolation (Identifying and manipulating
    sounds)
  • Phonemic Identity (Recognizing same sound in a
    different word)
  • Phonemic Categorization (Recognizing words that
    dont belong)
  • Rhyming
  • Segmenting (Breaking a word into its separate
    sounds)
  • Blending (Putting together separate sounds)
  • Authentic Literature Based
  • Using Art, Music, Manipulatives, and Worksheets

15
Writing
  • What Is Writing?
  • Oral language written down. It includes use of
    narrative, expository, and functional text.
  • Strategies For Teaching Writing?
  • Composition Of Narrative
  • Composition Of Expository
  • Functional Writing
  • Spelling
  • Handwriting
  • Punctuation

16
RTI Prompts/Probes Reading Phonics
Writing
17
I2I Identification to Intervention
18
Early Literacy Series
  • Literacy Rich Environment - Carol Vukelich/Jim
    Christi
  • Oral Language Development - Kathy Roskos
  • Knowledge About Print - Dorothy Strickland
  • Writing Development - Judy Schickedanz
  • Story Comprehension - Lesley M. Morrow
  • Other topics will follow
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