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The%20compulsory%20military%20service%20in%20Denmark

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The compulsory military service in Denmark – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The%20compulsory%20military%20service%20in%20Denmark


1
The compulsory military service in Denmark
2
Foundation of the Compulsory Military Service in
Denmark
  • The constitution Article 81 - National Service
    Act
  • Defence Agreements between (a majority) the
    political parties in parliament and the
    government
  • Regular meetings between the Minister of Defence
    and those political parties who have signed the
    Defence Agreement
  • All men must serve ? Conscientious objectors

3
New focus
  • Defence Agreement for 2005 2009 Major changes
    to the compulsory military service
  • Changing focus from territorial defence to
    international engagement
  • In line with the Danish security policy
  • The Balkans, Iraq, Lebanon, Afghanistan,
    Operation Ocean Shield.
  • Since 1992 More than 26,000 soldiers have been
    serving in international missions. Right now
    approximately 750 soldiers are in Helmand,
    Afghanistan.

4
Compulsory military service the new system
  • Four months of basic training
  • Previous conscripts served 8 12 months
  • Exceptions specific units at
  • Royal Life Guard Rgt, Royal Guards Hussars Rgt
  • HMS Dannebrog
  • Danish Emergency Management Agency
  • Right to voluntary service for women (1995)
  • Defence Day
  • The armed forces and The Danish Emergency Agency
  • About 30,000 men are ordered to meet at Defence
    Day
  • About 30,000 women are invited
  • Draft numbers
  • 2009 91 per cent volunteers 9 per cent drafted
  • 2010 More than 93 per cent volunteers.

5
Compulsory military service in DenmarkWhat
happens after Basic Training ?
Territorial Defence Register (3 yrs.)
Professional soldiers
Reserve Forces
International mission6 months
lt 80 pc
gt 20 pc
Basic Training - conscript with 4 (8, 9 or 12)
months
Reaction Force Training (Contract 8 months)
6
Pros and cons Main lessons learned
  • The right number of conscripts for a shorter
    period of time
  • A broad basis of recruitment
  • Cost effective
  • Popular anchoring
  • A fair salary
  • Training targeted for international operations

7
Examination of the current compulsory military
service system
  • Adopted in the 2010 2014 Defence Agreement
  • The compulsory system has always been a subject
    of political discussions.
  • The current system marked the change from
    territorial defence to an international focus.
  • The examination will involve assessments of the
    social and economic side-effects.
  • Other focus areas
  • Popular anchoring
  • Representative segment of the population
  • Securing a broad basis of recruitment
  • Cost-effectiveness

8
  • Questions?

9
Examination Four models
  • The current system continues on the whole
  • Women will be obliged to attend the Defence
    Day/will be called up for service as conscripts
  • Right to voluntary service for women, like it is
    today
  • Abolishment of the military service system.
    Instead only employment on a contractual basis.
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