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Fall of the Western Roman Empire

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... The Fall of Rome Environmental and Public Health Problems Barbarian ... Europe Goths (Eastern ... Central Asia) invaded ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fall of the Western Roman Empire


1
Fall of the Western Roman Empire
2
Problems in the Empire
  • The Empire was too big to control
  • Germanic warriors (barbarians) continued to
    attack Roman territories
  • Captured Germanic people moved into the empire
    creating their own system of government thus
    ignoring Roman laws
  • Army vs. Farmers Male citizens had to serve in
    the military leaving fewer people to farm less
    food production
  • Taxes were growing higher to help pay for the
    military
  • Wealth citizen were moving out of the city
    creating their own estates

3
Division of the Empire
  • Diocletian Took power in the late 200s.
    Decided that the empire was too big for one
    person to rule, so he divided it into the Eastern
    and Western Empires.
  • Eastern
  • Ruled by
  • Diocletian
  • Western
  • Ruled by
  • Appointed
  • Co-Emperor

4
Power Moves to the East
  • Constantine Reunited the two halves of the
    Roman Empire for a short time.
  • Moved the capital to the east into what is now
    Turkey.
  • He called the new capital Constantinople.

5
Ten Theories on Why the Roman Empire Fell
  • Excessive Military Spending to Defend the Empire.
  • Political Corruption

?
6
The Fall of Rome
  • Interior Technology
  • Inflation

7
The Fall of Rome
  • Unemployment
  • Urban Decay

8
The Fall of Rome
  • Decline in Morals and values
  • Rise in Christianity

9
The Fall of Rome
  • Environmental and Public Health Problems
  • Barbarian Invasions

10
The Sack of Rome
  • Barbarians Invade Rome
  • Huns (warriors from Central Asia) invaded from
    southeastern Europe
  • Goths (Eastern tribes) who could not defeat the
    Huns and ran into Roman territory
  • Vandals (Germanic tribe from Northern Europe)
    invaded Gaul (France), Spain, and North Africa

11
The Empire in Chaos
  • The Huns pushed the Goths into Roman territory
    the Goths raised an army and were paid by the
    Romans not to attack.
  • However, when the Romans stopped the payments,
    the Goths destroyed Rome in 410.

12
The End of the Western Empire
  • During the 400s, Roman Emperors were weak.
  • Military leaders took power away from emperor
  • Military leaders began fighting for power among
    themselves
  • 476 Barbarian general overthrew last Roman
    Emperor and Named himself King of Italy
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