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Historic Documents that Influenced the American System of Government

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Historic Documents that Influenced the American System of Government Magna Carta, 1215 Limited the power of the king by guaranteeing rights to the people. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Historic Documents that Influenced the American System of Government


1
Historic Documents that Influenced the American
System of Government
2
Magna Carta, 1215
  • Limited the power of the king by guaranteeing
    rights to the people.
  • These rights were
  • no cruel unusual punishment
  • the right to a fair and speedy trial by your
    peers
  • the government must have the peoples approval to
    levy taxes

3
The House of Burgesses, 1619
  • Written in Virginia in 1619, the House of
    Burgesses is the first example of an elected
    representative assembly in the Americas

4
The Mayflower Compact, 1620
  • Written by the Pilgrims when they landed near
    Plymouth. It is a contract of self government
    where government is organized for the good of the
    people.

5
The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, 1636
  • Considered the first written constitution in the
    colonies which outlined how government worked and
    that the community is to work together
  • All other colonies will model their constitutions
    like it

6
English Bill of Rights, 1689
  • Monarchs William and Mary of Orange agree to
    allow the parliament (people) power over the
    monarchy.
  • Additional rights gained
  • freedom of speech and debate
  • no excessive bails, right to petition government
    and a right to trial

7
The Declaration of Independence, 1776
  • Written by Thomas Jefferson it is made of three
    parts a statement of human rights, reasons for
    declaring independence and the declaration.
  • It explains Unalienable rights, government gets
    it power from the people and people have the
    right to replace bad governments.

8
The Articles of Confederation, 1781
  • Adopted at the 2nd Continental Congress
  • It was a weak national government because power
    resided in states
  • Could not collect taxes, enforce laws, regulate
    trade or amend the Articles

9
United States Constitution, 1787
  • Adopted as a result of the many weaknesses of the
    Articles
  • Outlines the formation of government, includes a
    Bill of Rights and presents a the federal system
    of government

10
The Signing of the United States Constitution
11
Representative Government
  • People elect representatives to make laws and
    govern. Elected representatives have the power to
    pass laws. This power is deprived from the
    peoples consent (voting representatives who
    represent the voters desires).
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