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Emotional Disturbances


Emotional Disturbance States ... and teachers Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under ... disorder Diet Stress Family functioning Defining ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Emotional Disturbances

Emotional Disturbances
  • High Incidence Disabilities

Emotional Disturbance
  • States interpret definition based on their own
  • Students have an average intelligence, but have
    problems with learning primarily because of
    external behavioral adjustment problems.
  • Acting out
  • Poor interpretation skills
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

Emotional Disturbance
  • A condition exhibiting one or more of the
    following characteristics over a long period of
    time and to a marked degree that adversely
    affects a childs educational performance
  • Inability to learn that cannot be explained by
    intellectual, sensory, or health factors
  • Inability to build or maintain satisfactory
    interpersonal relationships with peers and
  • Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under
    n0rmal circumstances
  • General pervasive mood, unhappiness, or
  • Tendency to develop physical symptoms, fears
    associated with personal or social problems

Emotional Disturbance Causes
  • There are no direct causes shown by research.
  • Suggested possible causes
  • Heredity
  • Brain disorder
  • Diet
  • Stress
  • Family functioning

Defining Characteristics
  • Behavioral or emotional responses in school
    programs that are so different from appropriate
    age, cultural, and ethnic norms that adversely
    affect academic performance.
  • More than a temporary, expected response to
    stressful events in environment.
  • Consistently exhibited in two different settings,
    at least one which is school related.
  • Persists despite individualized interventions
    within the educational program.

Defining Characteristics
  • Hyperactivity
  • Short attention span, impulsiveness
  • Aggression/Self-injurious behavior
  • Acting out, fighting
  • Withdrawal
  • Failure to initiate interaction with others,
    fear, anxiety
  • Immaturity
  • Crying, temper tantrums, poor coping skills
  • Learning Difficulties
  • Academically performing below grade level

The Learning Environment
  • Primary problem areas in schools
  • Academic achievement
  • Classroom behavior
  • Peer relations

The Learning Environment
  • Routines need to be predictable
  • Consistently rewarded for appropriate behavior
  • Token economies, contracting, and time outs
  • Assessment and systematic teaching of social
    skills through modeling , discussion, and
  • Supportive therapies
  • Involving art, music, exercise, relaxation

The Learning Environment
  • Get to know your students
  • Learn history
  • Know triggers
  • Have clear, consistent behavior expectations in
  • Keep the students mainstreamed unless severe
  • Use positive reinforcement
  • Engage in meaningful academic tasks that can be
    completed successfully

Behavior Modifications
  • The best way to help emotional problems
  • Use reinforcers
  • Consequences that strengthen good behavior
  • Problem must be defined
  • Design a way to change a behavior
  • Identify an effective reinforcer
  • Apply the reinforcer consistently to change and
    shape the behavior
  • Behavior contract

Behavior Modifications
  • Social skills training
  • For interactions with peers and adults
  • Being a good listener is a social skill that can
    be trained
  • Self Control Training
  • Teaches students to redirect actions by talking
    to themselves
  • For students that know what to do in social
    settings, but lack the self control to act

Life Space Crisis Identification
  • Crisis
  • Drain their intense emotions by acknowledging
    their feelings
  • Timeline
  • Use affirmative and listening skills to discover
    their point of view
  • Central issue
  • Identify their vital interests and select the
    appropriate strategy
  • Insight
  • Use interviewing skills to help student recognize
    and change behavior
  • New Skills
  • Teach new skills for behavior changes
  • Transfer of training
  • Prepare the student to reenter the activity and

Conflict Resolution
  • Take care of safety
  • Clarify personal needs threatened by dispute
  • Identify safe place for negotiation
  • Take a listening stance to interaction
  • Assert needs clearly and specifically
  • Approach problem solving with flexibility
  • Manage discussion with calm, patience, and
  • Build an agreement that works
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