SEARCH AND RESCUE, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AFTER JAPAN - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SEARCH AND RESCUE, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AFTER JAPAN

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search and rescue, and humanitarian assistance after japan s earthquake and tsunami disaster the days and weeks following the march 12th earthquake / tsunami in japan – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SEARCH AND RESCUE, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AFTER JAPAN


1
SEARCH AND RESCUE, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE
AFTER JAPANS EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI DISASTER
  • THE DAYS AND WEEKS FOLLOWING THE MARCH 12TH
  • EARTHQUAKE / TSUNAMI IN JAPAN

Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster
Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA
2
THE NEED STARTED AT 246 PM, MARCH 11, 2011
In a matter of minutes, the M8.9 earthquake and
its accompanying tsunami and large aftershocks
caused a catastrophe and created an invisible
threat of radiation for search and rescue in Japan
3
TSUNAMI WAVES DEVASTATE COAST OF NORTHERN JAPAN
4
A CATASTROPHE
  • Japans social, technical, administrative,
    political, legal, health care, and economic
    systems were tested to their limits by the
    nature, degree, and extent of the impacts of the
    earthquake and tsunami..

5
SOCIETAL IMPACTS
  • Ground shaking from the main shock (which lasted
    about 300 seconds) and the hundreds of
    aftershocks (many in the M6 range) damaged
    homes, buildings, essential facilities, nuclear
    facilities, and critical lifelines (e.g.,
    transportation infrastructure) over a wide area.

6
SOCIETAL IMPACTS
  • The tsunami, which following within about 10
    minutes, changed Japans coast lines, inundated
    land and urban areas, swept people and cars away,
    left tons of debris, created the potential for
    water borne diseases, hindered search and rescue
    operations, and stalled Japans economic
    productivity.

7
SOCIETAL IMPACTS
  • The explosion in the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear
    facility and radiation levels that were 1,000
    times normal levels created a nightmare disaster
    scenario that included radiation release and
    possible nuclear melt down for the Government of
    Japan.

8
URGENT NEED FOR SEARCH AND RESCUE
  • With so many people (about 20,000) missing over a
    wide area after the tsunami, Search and rescue
    was an urgent need and imperative.

9
JAPANS SEARCH AND RESCUE
  • Approximately 50,000 members of Japans Self
    Defense Forces were mobilized immediately to the
    hardest hit areas.

10
JAPANS SEARCH AND RESCUE
  • Tokushu Kyuunan Tai, the search and rescue unit
    of the Japan Coast Guard was dispatched to
    accelerate search and rescue operations..

11
MILITARY HELP WITH EVACUATIONS
  • Approximately 300,000 people (with more expected)
    were evacuated from areas damaged in the quake
    by military personnel all need food, water,
    medicine, and electricity.

12
SEARCH AND RESCUE
13
INTERNATIONAL SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMS JOIN IN
  • The USAs Los Angeles County search and rescue
    team will assist in Japan.
  • The USAs Fairfax County's Urban Search and
    Rescue team will assist in Japan.

14
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE
  • Humanitarian assistance is being pledged or
    dispatched to Japan by many countries to mitigate
    the possibility of thousands of deaths, and to
    provide specialized health care in the light of
    possible water borne diseases and the effects of
    high radiation levels and a possible nuclear
    melt down.

15
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE SUNDAY, MARCH 13
  • The USS Ronald Reagan was dispatched immediately
    to Japan and, at the request of the Japanese
    Government, made helicopters available and began
    assisting in urgent search and rescue missions.
  • USA marines, already there, are assisting in
    search and rescue missions.

16
INTERNATIONAL SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMS JOIN IN
  • 90 medical teams from Medecins Sans Frontieres
    arrived on Sunday and are being deployed in the
    Miyagi Prefecture.

17
INTERNATIONAL SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMS JOIN IN
  • Israels search and rescue team will assist in
    Japan.
  • New Zealands search and rescue team will assist
    in Japan.

18
INTERNATIONAL SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMS JOIN IN
  • German teams arrived on Sunday to assist in
    Japan.
  • Teams from China arrived on Sunday to assist in
    Japan.

19
INTERNATIONAL SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMS JOIN IN
  • USAID, at the request of the Japanese Government,
    has deployed search and rescue missions.
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