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THE NEPAL EARTHQUAKE OF APRIL 25,2015 Part 4: Fourth Day Happenings

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Title: THE NEPAL EARTHQUAKE OF APRIL 25,2015 Part 4: Fourth Day Happenings


1
THE NEPAL EARTHQUAKE OF APRIL 25,2015Part 4
Fourth Day Happenings
2
TUESDAY Day 4 PHOTOSCREDIT ASSOCIATED PRESS
and THE WORLD POST
  • These pictures are used only for educational
    purposes with zero financial benefit

3
TUESDAY NEPALS PRIME MINISTER, SUSHI KOIRALA
VOWED IN A NATIONALLY TELEVISED ADDRESS TO
REBOUND FROM THE DISASTER, WHICH IMPACTED
8 MILLION PEOPLE AND LEFT 1.4 MILLION
URGENTLY NEEDING FOOD, WATER, MEDICINES,
SHELTER, AND SANITARY FACILITIES - - -
4
8 MILLION IMPACTED (Credit AP)
5
8 MILLION IMPACTED (Credit AP)
6
1.4 MILLION NEPALESE NEED FOOD AND OTHER
NECESSITIES (Credit AP)
7
TUESDAY (continued)AT LEAST 5,000 PEOPLE DEAD,
8,068 INJURED PRIME MINISTER SUSHI KOIRALA SAID
THAT THE NUMBER OF DEAD COULD REACH 10,000 AFTER
THE REMOTE VILLAGES AND MOUNTAINSIDES ARE VISITED
IN DETAIL - - -
8
MASS CREMATIONS (Credit The World Post)
9
TUESDAY (continued)THE GOVERNMENT HAS
ESTABLISHED 16 LARGE TENT CAMPS IN KATHMANDU
MANY RSIDENTS CONTINUE SLEEPING IN THE STREETS OR
IN OPEN SPACES AWAY FROM DAMAGED BUILDINGS AND
WALLS .
10
TENS OF THOUSANDS SLEEPING OUTSIDES (Credit AP)
11
TENS OF THOUSANDS WAITING - - - (Credit AP)
12
- - - AND PRAYING (Credit The World Post)
13
TUESDAY (continued)HUNDREDS OF GLOBAL EMERGENCY
SERVICES, CHARITIES, DISASTER RELIEF AGENCIES,
AND VOLUNTEERS ARE DOING THEIR BEST TO HELP THE
PEOPLE IMPACTED BY THE DISASTER
14
TUESDAY (continued)PLANES ARE NOW LANDING AT
KATHMANDU AIRPORT
15
RELIEF SUPPLIES ARRIVING AT KATHMANDU (Credit AP)
16
RELIEF SUPPLIES FROM SRI LANKA ARRIVING AT
KATHMANDU (Credit AP)
17
TUESDAY (continued)S AND R SURGES AS GOLDEN
48 HOUR PERIOD ENDS AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS
FROM 12 COUNTRIES ARRIVE TO ASSIST LOCAL
PROFESSIONALS WITH S AND R AND DISTRIBUTION OF
AID
18
S AND R TEAM FROM INDIA WORK-ING AT KATHMANDU
(Credit AFP)
19
TUESDAY (continued)SNOW, RAIN, AFTERSHOCKS, AND
A MUDSLIDE THAT DEVESTATED A REMOTE VILLAGE
(Ghodatabela),CONTINUED TO HINDER OPERATIONS
20
TUESDAY (continued)UNITED NATIONS DISASTER
ASSISTANCE FUND RELEASES 15 MILLION WORLD FOOD
PROGRAM BEGINS DISTRIBUTION, BUT HINDERED BY
RAIN AND LANDSLIDES.
21
TUESDAY (continued)BAD NEWS FOR THE FUTURE
Earthquake experts say Saturday's earthquake did
not release all of the pent-up seismic pressure
in the region near Kathmandu. According to GPS
monitoring and geologic studies, some 33 to 50
feet (10 to 15 meters) of motion may still need
to be released, said Eric Kirby, a geologist at
Oregon State University.
22
RECAP OF SATURDAY, SUNDAY, AND MONDAY
23
SATURDAY, APRIL 25, 2015
  • A massive block of the Earths crust, roughly 125
    km (75 miles) long and 61 km (37 miles) wide,
    lurched 3 m (10 feet) to the south Saturday over
    the course of 30 seconds. Riding atop this block
    of the crust was the capital of Nepal Kathmandu
    and millions of Nepalese.

24
SUNDAYCAPITAL DEVASTATED AFTERSHOCKS
CONTINUE AT LEAST 2,500 PEOPLE DEAD AT LEAST
6,400 INJURED THOUSANDS NEEDING SHELTER, FOOD,
AND WATER AVALANCHES S AND R OPERATIONS
ENERGIZED AND INTER-NATIONAL AID PLEDGED, BUT
BOTH HINDERED BY A M6.7 AFTERSHOCK
25
USA, India, Sri Lanka. China, Pakistan and
European Union countries are among those who have
pledged money and assistance. 
26
SUNDAY
  • Nepals capital has become a tent city, as
    thousands of displaced residents stayed
    overnight in their dark gardens or out on the
    rubble-littered streets, afraid to go back inside
    because of aftershocks that exacerbated existing
    damage, triggered new avalanches on Mount
    Everest, and hindered search and rescue
    operations and all aspects of life.

27
MONDAY NEPAL SHORT ON SHELTER, FUEL, FOOD,
WATER, MEDICINES, POWER, TENTS, BLANKETS, TARPS,
SANITARY FACILITIES, CASH, and WORKERS - - -
28
MONDAY (continued)AT LEAST 4,000 PEOPLE DEAD,
7,180 INJURED S AND R CONTINUES AS NEW
INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS ARRIVE TO ASSIST IN
STRICKEN CITIES AND ON MT EVEREST ROADS AND
TRAILS BLOCKED BY LANDSLIDES AFTERSHOCKS
CONTINUE.
29
MONDAY (continued) LIFE ALMOST SHUT DOWN
  • Schools remained closed, most businesses were
    shuttered, banks were closed and ATMs lacked
    electricity to dispense cash.
  • Long lines of motorcycles and cars formed at the
    few gas stations that had fuel.

30
MONDAY (continued) LIFE ALMOST SHUT DOWN
  • The entire Katmandu Valley is suffering from
    drinking water shortages due to power outages and
    severe damage to utility pipelines.

31
MONDAY (continued) LIFE ALMOST SHUT DOWN
  • Phone lines are down throughout the city,
    cellphone service is spotty and Internet access
    is still limited.

32
MONDAY (continued)STATUS OF S AND R and RELIEF
  • Forty-eight hours after the M7.8 earthquake,
    rescue and relief workers have yet to reach
    numerous remote mountain villages, where some
    reports have suggested that 70 or more of the
    homes have been reduced to heaps of rubble and
    survivors need all the basics.

33
MONDAY (continued) LIFE ALMOST SHUT DOWN
  • Rumors abound every where that a bigger
    earthquake is on the way, creating additional
    concern.

34
SLEEPING OUTSIDE AGAIN
  • Tens of thousands of families slept outdoors for
    a second night, fearful of aftershocks that have
    not ceased. Camped in parks, open squares and a
    golf course, they cuddled children or pets
    against chilly Himalayan nighttime temperatures.

35
SLEEPING OUTSIDE AGAIN
  • They woke to the sound of dogs yelping and
    jackhammers.

36
SOUNDS ON MONDAY MORNING
  • As the dawn light crawled across toppled building
    sites, volunteers and rescue workers carefully
    shifted broken concrete slabs and crumbled bricks
    mixed together with humble household items pots
    and pans a purple notebook decorated with
    butterflies a framed poster of a bodybuilder so
    many shoes.

37
NEPALS MILITARY RESCUE TEAMS AT WORK (Credit
AP)
38
NEPALS MILITARY RESCUE TEAMS AT WORK (Credit
AP)
39
Nearing exhaustion, nearly the entire
100,000-member Nepalese soldier army is involved
in search and rescue operations.
40
The work is slow also because many workers
water tanker drivers, electricity company
employees and laborers needed to clear debris
have gone to their families and are staying to
help them.
41
Many roads and trails have been blocked by
landslides, and the airport has been overwhelmed
or closed hindering travel, work, and arrival of
international workers and relief supplies.
42
WE WILL BEBOUND SO, - - - - ?
43
LESSON THE KNOWLEDGE AND TIMING OF ANTICIPATORY
ACTIONS IS VITAL
  • The people who know 1) what to expect (e.g.,
    strong ground motion, damage, collapses, trapped
    survivors), 2) where and why they will happen,
    and 3) what they should (and should not) do to
    cope with them will survive.

44
LESSON TIMELY, REALISTIC DISASTER SCENARIOS SAVE
LIVES
  • The people who have timely, realistic, advance
    information that facilitates reduction of
    vulnerabilities, and hence the risks associated
    with strong ground shaking, ground failure, and
    building collapses will survive.

45
LESSON EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAVES LIVES
  • The Uncontrollable and Unthinkable events will
    always hinder the timing of emergency response
    operations, especially the search and rescue
    operations that need to be complished within the
    golden 48 hours.

46
LESSON EMERGENCY MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS SAVES
LIVES
  • The local communitys capacity for emergency
    health care (i,e., coping with damaged hospitals
    and medical facilities, lack of clean drinking
    water, food, and medicine, and high levels of
    morbidity and mortality) is vital for survival.

47
LESSON EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERED BUILDINGS SAVE LIVES
  • Buildings engineered to withstand the risks from
    an earthquakes strong ground shaking and ground
    failure that cause damage, collapse, and loss of
    function, is vital for protecting occupants and
    users from death and injury.

48
LESSON THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ALWAYS
PROVIDES AID
  • The International Community provides millions to
    billions of dollars in relief to help pick up
    the pieces, but this strategy is not enough by
    itself to ensure earthquake disaster resilience.

49
FACTMOST OF THE 200 NATIONS NEED EARTHQUAKE
DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES THAT ARE BASED ON
LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST EARTHQUAKE DISASTER
LABORATORIES
50
  • MONITORING
  • HAZARD MAPS
  • INVENTORY
  • VULNERABILITY
  • LOCATION

YOUR COMMUNITY
DATA BASES AND INFORMATION
HAZARDS GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE
SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN
UP AFTERSHOCKS
51
PILLARS OF EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • Preparedness
  • Protection Adoption and Implementation of a
    Modern Earthquake Engineering Building Code and
    Lifeline Standards
  • Prevention Land Use Planning and Base Isolation

52
PILLARS OF EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE
(continued)
  • Monitoring
  • Realistic Earthquake Disaster Scenarios
  • Timely Emergency Response (including search and
    Rescue and Emergency Medical Services)
  • Cost-Effective Recovery and Reconstruction

53
THE CHALLENGE
  • CHANGING EXISTING POLICIES
  • CREATE, ADJUST, AND REALIGN PROGRAMS,
    PARTNERS AND PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE CREATED THE
    KINDS OF TURNING POINTS NEEDED FOR MOVING TOWARDS
    EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE

54
AN UNDER-UTILIZED GLOBAL STRATEGYTo Create
Turning Points for Earthquake Disaster
Resilience
  • USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING THE PAST AND
    PRESENT LESSONS TO FOSTER AND ACCELERATE POLICY
    CHANGES AND IMPROVE PREPAREDNESS PLANNING

55
MOVING TOWARDS THE MUST-HAPPEN GLOBAL STRATEGYTo
Achieve Earthquake Disaster Resilience
  • INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS
    WITH POLITICAL SOLUTIONS IN EVERY NATION FOR
    REALISTIC POLICIES ON PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION,
    DISASTER SCENARIOS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE,
    RECONSTRUCTION, AND RECOVERY
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