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Environmental Issues in the Aid Regime: What are the sustainable options for the poor?

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Environmental Issues in the Aid Regime: What are the sustainable options for the poor? Issues and Challenges: Specific Impacts on Women Friederike Knabe – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental Issues in the Aid Regime: What are the sustainable options for the poor?


1
Environmental Issues in the Aid Regime What are
the sustainable options for the poor?
Issues and Challenges Specific Impacts on Women
  • Friederike Knabe
  • 3 October 2006

2
Outline of the Presentation
  • Environmental Challenges in Africa
  • Land degradation and poverty
  • The case of drylands
  • Strategies for Change
  • Traditional coping strategies
  • New approaches to environmental challenges
  • Focus on Women
  • Addressing womens needs and aspirations
  • The Canadian International Policy Commitments
  • Commitment to UN Conventions (CBD, UNCCD, UNFCCC)
  • Millennium Development Goals
  • International Strategy Paper

3
Introduction Kenya project
4
Mount Kenya Youth Initiative for Ecosystem
Restoration
  • Focus on Schools
  • Nurseries with indigenous tree seedlings
  • Protected woodlots with indigenous hardwood trees
  • Education for students
  • Surplus seedlings for students
  • Education of parents
  • HIV/AIDS education
  • Resources for communities
  • Agroforestry Resource Centre in schools
  • Demonstration plots

5
(No Transcript)
6
Environmental Challenges
  • Land degradation
  • Land slides, soil erosion and destruction of
    vegetative cover
  • Deforestation
  • Cutting of precious local varieties of hardwood
    trees
  • Loss of local biodiversity
  • Trend towards monoculture farming externally
    supplied seeds loss of knowledge of integrated
    farming systems
  • Water scarcity
  • Destruction of wetlands and drying out of the
    river
  • Climatic variability
  • Drought last year and heavy flooding this year
  • Out migration of local population

7
Land Degradation and Poverty
  • Over 70 of all arable land in Africa is
  • Degraded or rapidly degrading with nutrient-poor
    soil
  • Overexploited due to lack of choices by rural
    poor and demographic pressure
  • Exposed to droughts, floods and climatic
    variabilities
  • Over 45 of Africas land is defined as
    drylands
  • Arid, semi-arid or dry-subhumid regions
  • Vulnerable to land degradation, leading to
    desertification
  • Local populations most marginalized with highest
    poverty rates and minimum of essential services
  • Highly dependent on environment for livelihood
    security

8
Development Pathways in Drylands
9
Traditional prevention and coping strategies
  • Integrated land and water management
  • Protection of vegetative cover
  • Mixed farming practices between cropping and
    pastoral land use and a tighter economic and
    cultural integration
  • Conservation and use of local drought tolerant
    crop varieties
  • Use of locally suitable technologies to work with
    ecosystem processes rather than against them
  • Development of alternative livelihoods that
  • Are less demanding on local land and natural
    resource use
  • Provide sustainable incomes
  • Develop economic opportunities in dryland urban
    centres.

10
New Approaches to Environmental Challenges
  • Sustainable Land Management
  • Integrating land, water and other natural
    resource management
  • Example TerrAfrica Initiative
  • Ecosystem Approach
  • Defining and assessing ecosystem goods and
    services
  • Bringing together of environmental sustainability
    with livelihood security
  • Revision of National Development Plans and PRSPs
  • Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation
  • Assessing and documenting vulnerabilities
  • Capacity development for applying climate
    forecasting data
  • Developing new adaptation strategies building on
    local knowledge.

11
Focus on Women
  • Most vulnerable sector
  • Womens major role in food production
  • Responsible for household chores, water supply
    and fuel
  • Dependent on environmental resources
  • Disadvantaged by limited access to services
  • Limited land ownership and use rights
  • Women and environmental challenges
  • Intimately impacted by environmental conditions
  • Intimately involved in environmental stewardship
  • Limited role in environmental decision making

12
Addressing Womens needs and aspirations
  • Thirty Years of Commitments and Little Action
  • UN Decade for Women (1975-85)
  • Beijing Platform for Action (1995)
  • Recognition of complexity and multidimensionality
    of womens poverty
  • Women and Environment
  • Involve women actively in environmental decision
    making at all levels
  • Integrate gender concerns and perspectives in
    policies and programs for sustainable
    development
  • Strengthen or establish mechanisms at all levels
    to assess impact of development and environmental
    policies on women.

13
Beijing Conference 2006 Main Areas for Action
  • Management of Natural Resources (particularly
    water and land)
  • Integrated management of water and land
    resources
  • Decentralization of forest, land and water
    resource management to local communities and
    ensure womens participation in policy-making
    processes
  • Financial benefit for communities stewardship of
    forests and other natural resources
  • Technologies for water conservation and
    management to respond to womens needs., e.g.
    water harvesting, reuse and recycle, soil
    conservation
  • Integrated gender-oriented ecosystem approach
  • Land rights and ownership for women.

14
Main Areas for Action cont.
  • Food Security
  • Build on traditional knowledge and appropriate
    technologies for food production and
    conservation
  • Promotion and research into the value, use and
    processing of local plant varieties
  • Promotion of the full utilization of all
    agricultural products and plant components as
    well as conservation of local crop varieties and
    sharing of experiences among communities
  • Development of urban agriculture to increase food
    supply and improve nutrition
  • Facilitation of womens access to markets,
    agricultural technologies, transport and
    micro-finance
  • Promoting the concept of livelihood security
    incorporating food security.

15
Main Areas for Action cont.
  • Education and skill development
  • Womens participation in decision making
  • Promoting local knowledge
  • Facilitating capacity building
  • Energy
  • Renewable energy resources and related
    technologies
  • Sustainable biomass use and production
  • Health
  • Promotion of traditional knowledge of
    multipurpose trees and crops
  • Research into improving nutrition levels
  • Water availability and quality
  • Recognition of HIV/AIDS impact on communities
  • Reproductive health facilities

16
Canadian International Policy Commitments
  • Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 3 (womens empowerment),
  • Goal 7 (environmental sustainability)
  • Multilateral Environment Agreements (MEAs)
  • UNCBD, UNCCD, UNFCCC
  • Common vision for sustainable development
  • Synergies at the national and regional levels
  • Civil society participation
  • International Policy Statement (IPS)
  • Advancing Environmental Sustainability
  • Addressing Land Degradation
  • Reducing Impact of Climate Change

17
African initiatives and models
  • National NGO networks
  • linking development and environment issues
  • Acting as National Focal Points for MEAs
  • Regional Networks
  • Example (RNSCC) West and Central African
    environmental and poverty-oriented NGOs aims to
    organize
  • (a) the exchange of knowledge on the CCD/CBD
    synergy between the network partners,
  • (b) the interaction of network partners with
    international CCD/CBD synergy experts, and
  • (c) the creation of joint experiences of network
    partners with CCD/CBD synergy
  • and to strengthen the capacities of its member
    NGOs

18
Canadian Civil Society
  • What is the role of environmental issues in the
    Aid Regime ???
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