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The%20Middle%20and%20Southern%20Colonies

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THE MIDDLE AND SOUTHERN COLONIES CHAPTER 3, SECTION 3 AND 4 MIDDLE COLONIES The middle colonies were made up of: 1. New York 2. Pennsylvania 3. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The%20Middle%20and%20Southern%20Colonies


1
The Middle and Southern Colonies
  • Chapter 3, Section 3 and 4

2
MIDDLE COLONIES
  • The middle colonies were made up of
  • 1. New York
  • 2. Pennsylvania
  • 3. Delaware
  • 4. New Jersey

3
New york
  • Between the areas controlled by England were
    lands owned by the Dutch.
  • The main settlement of the Dutch was called New
    Amsterdam which was located on Manhattan Island.
  • Manhattan Island was bought (from Native
    Americans) by the Dutch for beads, cloth and
    other goods. The price was about 24.00 in
    todays world.
  • Because it had a good seaport, New Amsterdam
    became a center for shipping to and from the
    Americas.

4
England Takes Control
  • England did not like the fact that the Dutch had
    settlements between their northern and southern
    colonies.They also envied the good harbors that
    the Dutch controlled.
  • In 1664 the English sent a fleet of ships to
    attack New Amsterdam (Manhattan Island). Because
    New Amsterdam was unprepared for battle, they
    quickly surrendered to the English forces.

5
England Takes Control
  • King Charles gave the acquired colony to his
    brother the Duke of York (also called the Duke of
    Yorkshire)..to celebrate himself he renamed the
    colony New York.

6
Pennsylvania
  • In 1680 a wealthy English gentleman by the name
    of William Penn set up a new colony called
    Pennsylvania (which was appropriately named after
    himself.)
  • Little known fact Pennsylvania
  • is almost the size of the
  • entire country of England!

7
Pennsylvania
  • How was William Penn able to acquire
    Pennsylvania?
  • King Charles II of England had borrowed lots of
    from William Penns family. As repayment
    he gave William, Pennsylvania.
  • Penn belonged to a Protestant group known as the
    Quakers.
  • Penn saw Pennsylvania as a holy experiment
    where Quakers could practice toleration and
    equality.

8
Pennsylvania
  • In 1682 Penn sailed to America to personally
    supervise the building of Philadelphia. Even
    today Philadelphia is known as the city of
    brotherly love.
  • Many people came from Europe to live in
    Pennsylvania. By 1683 people from England,
    Ireland, Germany and Sweden all resided in
    Pennsylvania.

9
pENNSYLVANIA
  • In 1701, Penn created the Charters of Liberties
    which granted colonists the right to elect
    government representatives.
  • In 1704, the southern part of Pennsylvania broke
    away, and functioned separately as Delaware.

10
Southern colonies
  • Maryland
  • Virginia
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Georgia
  • CLIMATE WARM AND HUMID

11
Southern Colonies
  • In the Southern Colonies large plantations
    flourished. Plantations grew tobacco, wheat,
    fruit, vegetables and corn.
  • As colonies and plantations grew, so did the need
    so did the need for capable workers.
  • Not all people came to work in the colonies of
    their own free will. Many who came to work in the
    colonies were English criminals as well as
    Scottish and Irish prisoners. Others were
    African slaves brought to America by European
    slave traders.

12
Maryland
  • Maryland was founded by a man named Sir George
    Calvert also called Lord Baltimore. Calvert
    established Maryland as a safe place for
    Catholics being persecuted in England.

13
Maryland
  • Maryland colonists used tobacco as their main
    crop.
  • Lord Baltimore was a clever fellow. He declared
    that all tobacco planters had to grow or raise an
    additional crop or farm item. This included
    various vegetables, fruit and livestock.

14
The Mason-Dixon Line
  • For years there was a land dispute between the
    Calverts (Maryland) and the Penns
    (Pennsylvania).
  • To stop the argument, the two families hired two
    surveyors, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, to
    lay out boundary stones dividing the land..this
    was known as the Mason-Dixon Line.

15
Virginia
  • While other colonies were just starting out
    Virginia was expanding.
  • As Virginia began to expand, many settlements
    became established on Native American land. Many
    settlers became angry that the government
    (military) was not protecting them from Native
    American raids.

16
Bacons rebellion
  • One man named Nathaniel Bacon took matters into
    his own hands.
  • In 1676, Bacon led angry settlers in attacks on
    Native American villages.
  • Bacons men traveled the countryside killing all
    Natives that they ran into.

17
BACONS REBELLION
  • Bacon was not finished! He actually took his
    raiders all the way to Jamestown and burned the
    city to the ground.
  • Bacon soon died of dysentery. The rebellion
    crumbled quickly without proper leadership

18
The Carolinas
  • In 1663 King Charles II of England created a
    colony called Carolina which means Charless
    Land.
  • By 1680, however, the people of Carolina would go
    their separate way creating North and South
    Carolina.

19
North Carolina
  • The northern part of Carolina was settled mostly
    by farmers from Virginias backcountry.
  • They grew tobacco and sold forest products such
    as timber and tar.

20
South Carolina
  • The southern part of Carolina was more prosperous
    than the north due to fertile farmland and good
    harbors.
  • South Carolinas cash crop was rice.

21
carolinas
  • Many enslaved Africans who arrived in the
    Carolinas worked in the rice fields. Growing
    rice and tobacco required a great deal of labor
    from African Slaves.
  • By 1708 more than half the population in the
    Carolinas were enslaved Africans.

22
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23
Georgia
  • Georgia was the last of the British colonies to
    be established. Georgia was founded with two
    things in mind.
  • English debtors (people in debt) or English poor
    could come to Georgia and get a fresh start
  • Georgia would be used to protect the northern
    colonies (military barrier). Spain had colonies
    in Florida at the time.

24
Georgia
  • Originally, the farms in Georgia were to remain
    small and no slavery was permitted.
  • OH NO..WHAT HAPPENED! It came to be that
    Georgia ended up with more non-British settlers
    than any other British colony in the Americas.
  • Soon Georgia had to increase land holdings, allow
    slavery so the farms could grow.

25
13 Original Colonies
  • Massachusetts
  • Connecticut
  • Rhode Island
  • New Hampshire
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania
  • Delaware
  • New Jersey
  • Maryland
  • Virginia
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Georgia

26
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