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Fairy Tale


Fairy Tale Characters, which may have magical abilities, often are distinguished as good or evil. Plot often leads to the defeat of evil. Setting may take place ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fairy Tale

Fairy Tale
  • Characters, which may have magical abilities,
    often are distinguished as good or evil.
  • Plot often leads to the defeat of evil.
  • Setting may take place long, long ago.
  • Theme is often a lesson learned about good and

Realistic Fiction
  • Characters are fictional, yet could be real.
  • Plot of the story is fictional, but could happen
    in real life.
  • Problems often present modern-day issues.
  • Settings present real-life times and places.

Historical Fiction
  • Characters are fictional, but may be based on
    real people.
  • Real, famous characters may enter the story.
  • Plot often includes real events or the past mixed
    with fictional events.
  • Setting may be in a known historical place.
  • An accurate historical time period is portrayed.

  • Characters are all involved with the mystery in
    some way.
  • Problem centers on a mystery or a puzzle that
    needs a solution.
  • Plot contains clues to lead and mislead the
  • Setting is realistic and recognizable to readers.

  • Fictional characters may have magical or
    supernatural powers.
  • Plot stretches the readers imagination and is
    not scientifically possible.
  • Setting is modern and realistic in many ways,
    although at times it takes a fantastical turn.

Science Fiction
  • Characters often solve problems through their
    knowledge and use of science and technology.
  • Plots revolve around events that may actually
    happen based on scientific facts, although it is
  • Setting often takes place in the future in a
    world of modern science and technology.

  • Characters are fictional and may be portrayed as
    animals with human traits.
  • Plot builds a short tale.
  • The setting may not be important in order to make
    the story universal.
  • Theme presents a moral lesson.

Plot A definition of plot in secondary
institutions is more detailed than that of
elementary texts. It is much more concrete not
only for students, but also for teachers. Plot
includes specific elements from beginning of a
story to the end but are labeled more
specifically than sequence of events. Below you
will find a brief definition of each part of the
plot structure. Introduction Specific things we
want readers to notice about the introduction
include who is introduced in the beginning and
what the setting is during the opening of this
story. Things we can have students reflect on
after the reading of the text include analysis of
these characters to determine their roles and
significance as well as the importance of any
other characters introduced later in the text.
We can have them also consider the importance of
the setting and any changes that occur. Problem
The problem in a text is a conflict or struggle
that the main character(s) is(are) facing. It can
stem from something that the character
desperately wants or could reflect character
flaws. The problem in a text usually comes within
the first few pages of a picture book or the
first chapter of a novel. It is this problem
that throws the progression of the rising action
into full force. Rising Action The major events
that move the story forward are the events. This
is the part of the story in which tension is
built. Understanding problem and resolution help
a reader determine importance of these events.
We must be careful about having students find
three major events. Putting an exact number on
this can give students a false understanding
about what they are to identify. They focus on
three instead of sifting through the
information and justifying for themselves what
seems to be critical.
Climax The climax is the Aha! or turning
point of a story. For students, however, this
definition by itself is still intangible. It is
the place in the story where they can find the
most critical event that creates the environment
for the resolution. Resolution Commonly called
the solution, although the definition is really
a bit deeper than the characters problem being
solved or going away. When we as readers can
understand this element of plot on a deeper
level, we begin to get a strong sense of the
authors message. Sometimes a problem is solved
on a very simplistic scale. This is reflective
of some early reader texts. However, more often
than not, resolution is about coming to terms
with a particular conflict or achieving something
that was strongly desired. Stories with good
plot structure include characters who walk away
from the story changed in some manner. They
become more aware of themselves and the
relationships they encounter throughout the
journey of the text. Conclusion The
conclusion of a story is the last scene within
the story. It is the final picture we have
before the curtain falls at the end of the
performance. There are three basic types of
conclusions closed, open and cliffhanger. Closed
Endings These are the endings that give us the
warm fuzzy at the end of a story. There is a
definite closure that allows us to leave the book
feeling satisfied with the outcome. Open Endings
A story may end without a clear feeling of
closure. The reader has to infer the outcomes
based on the information given in the book.?
Cliffhangers We find these endings at the end
of chapters or novels that will have a sequel.
They abruptly end at a very intense part of the
plot, possibly without a clear resolution to
entice the reader to want to read more.
Theme Universal understandings that authors
write about in their stories. growing
up jealousy making friends success fear siblings
romance trickery failure change overcoming
injustice power arrogance death superficial
love courage acceptance selfishness being
ordinary moving on family relationships
(beginning, ending, trials within) wealth
Literary Terms
Alliteration- repetition of identical consonant
sounds. Usually at the beginnings of words -
such as The infamous killer fought for his
freedom, wanting not flesh but
retreat. Analogy- a comparison between two
things to show their similarities by comparing
something unfamiliar to something
familiar Anecdote- short account of a true event
in a persons life used to raise points, explain
ideas or describe personalities. Antagonist-
person or force that opposes the
protagonist Autobiography- story of a persons
life written by that person. A diary is a from
that gives day by day events. Character- person
in a literary work static- remains the same
through out the work dynamic- changes due to the
influence of events or other people flat -
reveals one personality trait round- shows a
variety of complex and sometimes contradictory
traits. foil- a character that exhibits
traits completely opposite of the main character
Literary Terms
Characterization- personality of character and
the method the author uses to create this
personality. direct- writer states facts about
the character indirect-character revealed
through physical appearance, the way they move,
the way they talk, what they say and what other
characters say about them. Climax- point of
highest tension and excitement in a narrative -
the turning point of the story Colloquial
language- everyday language used in
conversation Conflict- struggle between two
opposing forces, center of plot Internal -
within a person person vs. self External-
character struggles with an outside force, such
as nature, a person, society, and
fate Connotation- all suggested meanings and
associations a word brings to mind beyond its
denotation or literal meaning
Literary Terms
Connotation- all suggested meanings and
associations a word brings to mind beyond its
denotation or literal meaning Description-
writing that creates an impression of a person,
place or thing to enhance poems, stories, and
nonfiction Dialect- type of speech that differs
from the standard form of language, occurring
in pronunciation, vocabulary, and
grammar Dialogue- conversation between characters
in drama, fiction, non- fiction, epic, or
dramatic poemreveals characters thoughts nd
opinions and allows for interplay of ideas Diary-
individuals personal day-by-day account of
impressions of events, may be chronicled in a
journal-less intimate than a diary Diction-
choice of words to fit a character, theme,
setting, or subject of a poem, story, essay, or
playused to express what is intended Figurative
Language- language not meant to be interpreted
literally, but used in a special way to create a
special effect analogy, hyperbole, metaphor,
onomatopoeia, simile, idioms
Literary Terms
Flashback- interruption to relate events that
occurred earlier, used in stream of
consciousness and conventional narratives Foresha
dowing- use of clues by the author to prepare
reader for events to come Genre- is the French
word for the type of literature biography fables
fairy tales fantasy folk tales historical
non-fiction realistic fiction science fiction
fiction legends/myths Imagery- words or
phrases that evoke sensory images in the readers
mind, Visual is most common, but others
occur. Interior Monologue- internal speech by a
single speaker provided by the narrator to
explain a characters personalities or to
reveal their thoughts. Journal- daily record of
events kept by an individual who is a
participant or witness in the events - used toe
learn about people and history
Literary Terms
Lead- opening sentences that introduce a piece of
writing and gain the readers attention the
hook Legend- traditional tale, handed down,
that is based on history King Arthur Mood-
emotional feeling and atmosphere in a work of
literature, created by description, actions of
characters, and setting eerie playful tense my
sterious serious exciting sad
tumultuous Narrative- writing that tells a
story in chronological order, has evolved into
the novel Narrator- storyteller stated -
announced explicitly implied- revealed
indirectly Tone- the attitude the writer
expresses towards the subject ad reader. May be
casual, angry, amused or indifferent.
Literary Terms
Narrative Hook- point in the story, novel or play
where the author catches the readers attention
by presenting an interesting problem or
situation that begins the conflict Onomatopoeia-
words with sounds that imitate or suggest their
meanings thump, crack Personification-figure of
speech where human traits are given to inanimate
objects, animals or ideas Plot structure in
which fiction is framed around relates to the
struggles the main character goes through
begins with introduction, then narrative hook
(problem is announced), rising action, climax,
falling action and resolution, conclusion Point
of View- relationship of the narrator to the
story 1st person - story told by one of the
characters 3rd person - story told by someone
outside of the story omniscient - told as if the
writer is able to read the minds of all of the
Literary Terms
Protagonist- central character of the story who
usually receives the readers sympathies Style-
authors choice and arrangement of words in any
kind of writing to convey individuality, theme
and purpose Theme- main idea of story, usually
expressed as a statement about life
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