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International Academy of Astronautics IAA Space Debris Committee Toronto, Sep. 27th, 2014

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Title: International Academy of Astronautics IAA Space Debris Committee Toronto, Sep. 27th, 2014


1
International Academy of Astronautics IAA Space
Debris Committee
Toronto, Sep. 27th, 2014
2
Agenda
  • IAC
  • 1.1. IAA Space Debris Committee
  • 1.2. Lessons learned from Beijing 2013
  • 1.3. Status of Space Debris Symposium for Toronto
    2014
  • 1.4. Preparation of Space Debris Symposium for
    Jerusalem 2015
  • 2. Exchanges
  • 2.1. Past events workshops, conferences,
    congresses,
  • 2.2. Ongoing
  • 2.3. On the Agenda
  • 2.4. New achievements
  • 2.5. Round table Open discussion
  • 3. IAA SG 5.14 Situation Report
  • ? Meeting restricted to Study Group members
  • ? But new active members are welcome depending
    on thematics

3
1.1. IAA Space Debris Committee
  • General frame
  • Officially created within IAA in 2012
  • Independent Committee
  • Permanent Committee
  • Attachment to Commission V questionable
  • ? Actions of the Committee
  • Position Paper on Orbital Debris in 1993,
    revised in 2000
  • Position Paper SG 5.1 on Space Debris Mitigation
    in 2006
  • Position Paper SG 5.5 on Space Debris
    Remediation in 2013
  • Participation to SG 5.10 on Orbital Debris
    Removal Policy, Legal, Political and Economic
    considerations
  • Situation Report Paper SG 5.14 ongoing, to be
    discussed today

4
1.1. IAA Space Debris Committee
  • Terms of Reference (recall)
  • Scope
  • Coordination of all activities related to Space
    Debris within the Academy
  • Organization of the IAA Symposium on Space Debris
    A6 for the IAC, proposals for Keynote Lectures
    within the A6 Symposium, or Highlight Lectures in
    the more general IAC frame,
  • Organization of any stand-alone conference on
    Space Debris on behalf the Academy,
  • Coordination of the Academy sponsoring,
    participation and contribution to selected
    conferences dedicated to Space Debris, such as
    for instance the ESA Darmstadt Conference,
  • Coordination of the Space Debris contribution in
    conferences not dedicated to Space Debris, but
    where some sessions may be devoted to the topic,
    sponsored by the Academy,
  • Dissemination of information among the members of
    the Committee, mainly during regular meetings
    taking place twice a year, before the IAC and
    during the IAA March meetings in Paris.

5
1.1. IAA Space Debris Committee
  • Membership
  • No need to be member of IAA !
  • Members of the IAA A6 Symposium Program
    Committee (chairs rapporteurs)
  • Members of the Program Committee of other IAA
    sponsored conferences with Space Debris concerns
  • Members of Space Debris related working groups
    (IADC, UNCOPUOS, COSPAR, ISO )
  • Academics, Labs, Universities, Industrials
    working on the topic
  • However, it is requested to be somehow active
  • Participation to the meetings
  • Debriefing of activities during the meetings
  • Cross information with other members
  • Contribution to studies and reports
  • Two meetings per year
  • One just before each years IAC
  • ? Includes the status of the sessions, workshops,
    round tables of the week
  • One just before or during the IAC March Meeting
    in Paris

6
1.1. IAA Space Debris Committee
Official membership Co-ChairsChristophe
BonnalHeiner KlinkradJer-Chyi Liou Committee
Membership Adimurthy Vipparthi Agapov Vladimir
Ailor William HAkahoshi Yasuhiro Alby Fernand
Anselmo Luciano Anz-Meador Phillip Berend
Nicolas Brachet Gerard Christiansen Eric
LCrowther RichardDolado-Perez
Juan-CarlosFinkleman David Flury Walter
Francesconi Alessandro Ganeshan A S Hanada
Toshiya
Hussey W John Hyde James Jah Moriba Johnson
Nicholas L. Kelso T. SKibe Seishiro Kouprianov
Vladimir Krag Holger Krisko Paula HMatney Mark
McKnight Darren SMeshcheryakov Sergei
AMulrooney Mark Pardini Carmen Perek Lubos
Piergentili Fabrizio Prasad MYSSchaefer Frank
Schildknecht Thomas Seitzer Patrick Stansbery
Gene Stokes Hedley van Breukelen Eddy
DWiedemann Carsten Yakovlev Michael
Anyone missing? Charlotte Mathieu Christian
Cazaux Tanja Masson-Zwaan Tetsuo Yasaka Frank
DiPentino Anyone to be removed? None identified
Attendance list for today see Appendix 1.
7
1.2. Feedback from Beijing 2013
  • Statistics
  • Based on available information, 3rd most attended
    Symposia after C1 (Astrodynamics) and A3 (Space
    Exploration)
  • Good work of the Chairs and Rapporteurs, with
    only 5 No-Show best score of the Congress
    according to available information
  • 16 papers proposed for publication in Acta
    Astronautica
  • Note it should have been a low year due to
    the 6th Darmstadt conference

8
1.2. Feedback from Beijing 2013 Based on
available, uncomplete, information
Average 90 oral in 2014
Good Need to keep this level
9
1.2. Feedback from Beijing 2013
Highly improvable!
10
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Number of IAC abstracts since 2008
11
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Geographic distribution of abstracts
NORTH AMERICA 779 abstracts (2 countries) 21,8
EUROPE 756 abstracts (29 countries) 21,4
ASIA-PACIFIC 1884 abstracts (24 countries)
52,9
LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN 101 abstracts
(11 countries) 2,9
AFRICA 47 abstracts (8 countries) 1,3
12
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Distribution of abstracts per country
2013
13
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Abstracts per symposium
14
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Abstracts per session (top 22)
15
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Number of IAC abstracts submitted to Toronto 2014
Total Number of Abstracts Oral or Poster Oral Presentation Poster Presentation
3537 1966 1397 174
100 55,6 39,5 4,9
Status after the selection, IPC March 14 meeting
Total Number of Abstracts Accepted Oral Presentation Poster Presentation
3537 2390 1833 557
100 67,6 51,8 15,7
16
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Number of abstracts, Space Debris Symposium,
since 2008
Status after the selection, IPC March 14 meeting
Total Number of Abstracts Accepted Oral Presentation Poster Presentation
225 172 90 84
100 76,4 40,0 37,3
17
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Number of sessions, Space Debris Symposium, since
2000 Poster session, which is gaining importance
18
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
A6 Space Debris Symposium Liou Bonnal The
Symposium will address the complete spectrum of
technical issues of space debris measurements,
modelling, risk assessment in space and on the
ground, reentry, hypervelocity impacts and
protection, mitigation and standards, and Space
Surveillance. A6.1 Measurements Schildknecht
Agapov Carroll This session will address
advanced ground and space-based measurement
techniques, relating processing methods, and
results of space debris characterization. A6.2
Modelling and Risk Analysis Anselmo Liou
Hanada This session will address the
characterization of the current and future debris
population and methods for in-orbit and on-ground
risk assessments. The in-orbit analysis will
cover collision risk estimates based on
statistical population models and deterministic
catalogues, and active avoidance. A6.3
Hypervelocity Impacts and Protection Francesconi
Sen Liu Schäfer The session will address
passive protection, shielding and damage
predictions. Shielding aspects will be supported
by experimental and computational results of HVI
tests. Use of HVI techniques for debris
mitigation. A6.4 Mitigation and Standards
Cazaux Klinkrad Yakovlev or Molotov This
session will focus on the definition and
implementation of debris prevention and reduction
measures and vehicle passive protection. The
session will also address space debris mitigation
guidelines and standards that exist already or
are in preparation at the national or
international level.
19
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
A6.5 Space Debris Removal Issues Piergentili
Prasad Bérend This session will address active
removal techniques ground and space based,
review potential solutions and identify
implementation difficulties. A6.6 Space Debris
Removal Concepts Kibe DiPentino Bonnal This
session will address active removal techniques
ground and space based, review potential
solutions and identify implementation
difficulties. A6.7 Operations in Space Debris
Environment, Situational Awareness Kelso
Finkleman Dolado-Perez This session will
address the multiple aspects associated to safe
operations in Space dealing with Space Debris,
including operational observations, orbit
determination, catalogue build-up and
maintenance, data aggregation from different
sources, relevant data exchanges standards and
conjunction analyses. A6.8 (joint with Space
Security Committee) Political, Legal,
Institutional and Economic Aspects of Space
Debris Mitigation and Removal Biddington
McKnight Mathieu This session will deal with
the non-technical aspect of space debris
mitigation and removal. Political, legal and
institutional aspects includes role of IADC and
UNCOPUOS and other multilateral bodies. Economic
issues including insurance, financial incentives
and funding for space debris mitigation and
removal. The role of international cooperation
in addressing these issues will be considered
A6.9 Modelling and Orbit Determination Jah
Flegel Lewis This session will address aspects
of space debris orbit determination related to
assessment of raw and derived data accuracy,
optical measurements processing and modelling and
risk analysis of space debris A6.P Posters,
Bonnal
20
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
As of Sep.26th A6.1 Measurements 10
papers 1 withdrawn 7 loaded 8 confirmed
4 presentation 1 ? A6.2 Modeling and Risk
Analysis 10 papers 1 withdrawn 8 loaded
9 confirmed 7 presentations A6.3 Hyper
Velocity Impacts and Protection 12 papers 3
withdrawn 8 loaded 8 confirmed 5
presentations ? additional A6.4 Mitigation
and Standards 10 papers 1 withdrawn 9
loaded 8 confirmed 7 presentations 2
additional A6.5 Space Debris Removal
Issues 10 papers 1 withdrawn 8 loaded 9
confirmed 7 presentations 1 ? A6.6 Space
Removal Concepts 11 papers 2 withdrawn 9
loaded 9 confirmed 4 presentations A6.7
Operations in Space Debris environment, Space
Situational Awareness 10 papers 1
withdrawn 8 loaded 8 confirmed 6
presentations A6.8 Political, Legal,
Institutional and Economic Aspects of Space
Debris Mitigation and Removal 7
papers 1 withdrawn 5 loaded 5 confirmed 2
presentations ( 1 hour moderated debate) A6.9
Modelling and Orbit Determination
10 papers 0 withdrawn 8 loaded 9 confirmed
8 presentation 1 ? A6.P Space Debris
Posters 84 papers 23 withdrawn 38
loaded Total without Posters 90 papers 11
withdrawn 70 loaded 72 confirmed 38
presentations 3 ? 100 12.2 77.8
80 42.2
21
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Poster competition A6 84 selected posters, 16
withdrawn, 35 not uploaded in time for
competition, 33 competitors, 3 good finalists!
22
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Dont miss the Poster award, room 718B Poster
session and cocktail !...
23
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Nice large room 801B for all the sessions 120
seats
24
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
  • Recall of a few basic rules
  • No paper, no show
  • check that the paper is effectively loaded before
    the session
  • No show, no paper
  • If the author doesn't present, the paper will be
    removed from proceedings
  • Status of the presenters
  • Are we sure the authors will show up ?
  • Do we have their short bios ?
  • Try to contact them and ask to come 15 in
    advance to check that everything is OK,
    Powerpoint, Videos
  • Timing may be critical !
  • Please, do not overpass the standard 3 hours,
    except if there is nothing after
  • Have clear rules explained to speakers in advance
  • Keep time for QA
  • Publications no dedicated IAC issue of Acta
    Astronautica any more

25
1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium
Report on IAA contribution to IAC
  • The goal is to deliver a global IAA report on
    results from the IAC, to be released outside
    through the web, a newsletter, or any other media
    to be discussed
  • An e-mail has been sent to the Symposium
    Coordinators, asking for their inputs, and
    recommending to use the following process
  • Ask session co-chairs and rapporteurs to write
    one or two pages on the scientific and technical
    content of their sessions (only the main
    findings) and to send it to the Coordinators
    either during the congress or just after
    (November 3)
  • Symposium Coordinators shall gather these inputs,
    check that there is no problem with them, and add
    some additional comments on the overall Symposium
    if any
  • Send the resulting package to the Academy IAC
    Technical Coordinator (November 21)
  • If these contributions are sent in due time, the
    global IAC Summary report shall be ready for SAC
    for approval on December 8
  • This report will be a high added value for the
    Symposium Coordinators in terms of visibility,
    for the Academy members and other people visiting
    our website in terms of awareness of what has
    been done during the IAC, and for the Academy in
    terms of recognition of its role in the
    operations of the IAC

26
1.4. Space Debris Symposium
Jerusalem 2015
A6 Space Debris Symposium Liou Bonnal The
Symposium will address the complete spectrum of
technical issues of space debris measurements,
modelling, risk assessment in space and on the
ground, reentry, hypervelocity impacts and
protection, mitigation and standards, and Space
Surveillance. A6.1 Measurements DiPentino -
Schildknecht Agapov This session will address
advanced ground and space-based measurement
techniques, relating processing methods, and
results of space debris characterization. A6.2
Modelling and Risk Analysis Pardini Sorge
Flegel This session will address the
characterization of the current and future debris
population and methods for in-orbit and on-ground
risk assessments. The in-orbit analysis will
cover collision risk estimates based on
statistical population models and deterministic
catalogues, and active avoidance. A6.3
Hypervelocity Impacts and Protection Fitz-Coy
Schäfer Francesconi The session will address
passive protection, shielding and damage
predictions. Shielding aspects will be supported
by experimental and computational results of HVI
tests. Use of HVI techniques for debris
mitigation. A6.4 Mitigation and Standards Krag
Cazaux Kato This session will focus on the
definition and implementation of debris
prevention and reduction measures and vehicle
passive protection. The session will also address
space debris mitigation guidelines and standards
that exist already or are in preparation at the
national or international level.
27
1.4. Space Debris Symposium
Jerusalem 2015
A6.5 Space Debris Removal Issues Prasad
Piergentili Santoni This session will address
active removal techniques ground and space
based, review potential solutions and identify
implementation difficulties. A6.6 Space Debris
Removal Concepts Berend Kawamoto Liou This
session will address active removal techniques
ground and space based, review potential
solutions and identify implementation
difficulties. A6.7 Operations in Space Debris
Environment, Situational Awareness Kelso
Dolado-Perez Finkleman This session will
address the multiple aspects associated to safe
operations in Space dealing with Space Debris,
including operational observations, orbit
determination, catalogue build-up and
maintenance, data aggregation from different
sources, relevant data exchanges standards and
conjunction analyses. A6.8 (joint with Space
Security Committee) Political, Legal,
Institutional and Economic Aspects of Space
Debris Mitigation and Removal Biddington
McKnight Mathieu This session will deal with
the non-technical aspect of space debris
mitigation and removal. Political, legal and
institutional aspects includes role of IADC and
UNCOPUOS and other multilateral bodies. Economic
issues including insurance, financial incentives
and funding for space debris mitigation and
removal. The role of international cooperation
in addressing these issues will be considered
A6.9 Orbit Determination and Propagation Jah
Klinkrad Lewis This session will address
aspects of space debris orbit determination
related to assessment of raw and derived data
accuracy, optical measurements processing and
modelling and risk analysis of space
debris A6.P Posters, Yasaka McKnight
Bonnal ? Consolidated file to be provided soon
to IAF secretariat
28
1.4. Space Debris Symposium
Jerusalem 2015
29
1.4. Space Debris Symposium
Jerusalem 2015
  • Proposal for a Plenary Event or a Highlight
    Lecture
  • We should organize ourselves to be capable of
    proposing a Plenary Event or a Highlight Lecture
    in Jerusalem
  • It requires a good preparation
  • Thematics, title, organization (Who? Moderator?
    Round table?...)
  • Proposal to be made before March meeting
  • ? Ideas are due within a couple of monthes
  • Should we try a joint session?
  • With Satellite users B1, B2, or Space
    Transportation D2 relative on end of life
    operations?
  • With Small Satellite B4, mainly on very small
    satellites operations?
  • May be complex as we need to have 9 good papers,
    or 6 a good round-table
  • Decided not to during the meeting

30
2.1. Past events
  • 32nd IADC in Beijing
  • - 12 to 14 May 2014
  • - 110 delegates from 11 agencies (Ukraine was
    absent, but South Korea was there for the 1st
    time)
  • - Numerous new Action Items and Internal Actions
  • - SG meeting on Wednesday Oct. 1st
  • - Final Reports on the public space of the IADC
    web site http//www.iadc-online.org/
  • 40th COSPAR in Moscow
  • - See dedicated presentation in Appendix
    1
  • IISL-ECSL Space Law Symposium 2014
  • - See following pages
  • ESA e.Deorbit Symposium 5 May 2014
  • - See following pages
  • 3rd European Workshop on space debris modeling
    and remediation
  • - See dedicated presentation in Appendix 2

31
2.1. Past events
IISL-ECSL Space Law Symposium 2014
32
2.1. Past events
IISL-ECSL Space Law Symposium 2014
Presentations on http//www.oosa.unvienna.org/oos
a/COPUOS/lsc/2014/symposium.html
33
2.1. Past events
ESA e.Deorbit Symposium 5 May 2014
Presentations please contact ESA-Cleanspace
34
2.2. Ongoing
  • SG 5.10 Orbital Debris Removal Policy, Legal,
    Political and Economic considerations
  • Dedicated meeting on Sunday 28th
  • See Appendix 4

35
2.2. Ongoing
  • IAA Academy Day presentation
  • - Presentation Sunday 28 September by Darren
    McKnight Hall G 1645 to 1715
  • - Open to all, dont miss it ?

36
2.3. On the agenda
  • 7th IAASS
  • See following pages
  • 6th EUCASS in Krakow
  • See following pages
  • International Conjunction Assessment Workshop
  • CNES-HQ, Paris, May 19-20, 2015
  • See description in Appendix 5
  • Laser Debris Remediation (Polytechnique - under
    definition)
  • Tentatively December 2014 February 2015
  • GOCE workshop 25-28 november (UNESCO Paris)
  • Elements of reentry predictions (altitudes below
    100 km)
  • If interested, please contact Holger Krag.
  • Details on GOCE workshop www.goce2014.org

37
2.3. On the agenda
38
2.3. On the agenda
39
2.3. On the agenda
40
2.3. On the agenda
Sessions chaired by Luciano Anselmo
41
2.4. New achievements
  • Astrodynamics Innovation Committee
  • See Appendix 6
  • COPUOS Long Term Sustainability of Outer Space
    Activities (LTSSA)
  • See Appendix 7

42
2.4. New achievements
  • ISO standards status
  • Following ISO TC20/SC14 Orbital Debris Working
    Group (WG7) meeting in Tokyo, May 26-30, 2014

43
2.4. New achievements
44
2.5. Round table Open
discussion
  • Orbital lifetime evaluation for GTO objects
  • The complexity of such computations, requiring a
    statistical approach, is recalled and debated
    during the meeting.
  • As a reference, the paper in Appendix 8 describes
    the proposed methodology


45
3. IAA SG 5.14 Situation Report
Goal Reference status of the Space Debris
problematic, acting as an update of the IAA
Position Papers 1993 and Revision from 2001,
taking into account the IAA Position Papers on
Space Debris Mitigation (SG5.1) and on Space
Debris Remediation (SG5.5). Available elements
from on-going SG5.10 devoted to Policy, Legal and
Economic Issues in Orbital Debris Removal will
also be included.    Structure 1. Introduction,
recall of scope and past studies Christophe
Bonnal Darren McKnight 4 pages 2. Present
status Heiner Klinkrad 10 pages 3.
Measurements Thomas Schildknecht Vladimir
Agapov 10 pages 4. Space surveillance
collision Christian Cazaux, Dave Finkelman,
Fernand Alby 10 pages 5. Reentering space
objects Holger Krag? Marlon Sorge? 10
pages 6. Future environment Paula Krisko 10
pages 7. Debris mitigation Manuel Metz, J-C.
Liou MYS Prasad 10 pages 8. Remediation
Darren McKnight Seishiro Kibe 10 pages 9.
Protection Franck Schäfer 10 pages 10.
Legal Tanja Masson-Zwaan 10 pages 11.
References Standards Christophe Bonnal 6
pages 12. International aspects Charlotte
Mathieu MYS Prasad 6 pages    Status prior to
today to be revised First Draft in Toronto
reviewed within the September meeting of the IAA
Space Debris Committee Final draft expected in
March 2015 Delivery to IAA for Peer Reviewing and
final process Effective publication expected
before IAC 2015 

Today 63 pages, 9 para out of 12 Dedicated
meeting Tuesday 1230 room 801B
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