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The Geography of the Middle East

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Title: The Geography of the Middle East Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: Louis Smith Created Date: 11/13/2004 1:25:26 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Geography of the Middle East


1
The Geography of the Middle East

2
FIRST FIVE
  • Agenda Message Social Studies SWA Map Quiz on
    Friday, September 2nd. Review countries, bodies
    of water, rivers. Social Studies Progress
    Reports go home August 31st.
  • Standard Physical Political Features of SWA.
  • Essential Question for Monday August 29th What
    life sustaining natural resource is distributed
    unequally in SWA?
  • Warm-up What two bodies of water does the Suez
    Canal connect?
  • Today We Will
  • 1. Turn-in last weeks E.Q.s Warm-ups
  • 2. Complete labeling and coloring of SWA Map
  • 3. Natural Resources of SWA

3
E.Qs Warm-Up Answers
  • E.Q. Answer for Monday August 24th
  • Fresh Water.
  • Only Turkey Iraq have enough fresh water to
    meet their peoples needs. All other countries
    in SWA are struggling to find enough water for
    their people.
  • Warm-up The Suez Canal connects the
    Mediterranean Sea the Red Sea.

4
The Middle East TodayStandard G5 Locate
selected features in SW Asia
Tigris River
Jordan River
Gaza Strip
Strait of Hormuz
Euphrates River
Suez Canal
Persian Gulf
Red Sea
Arabian Sea
5
Countries
Turkey
Afghanistan
Iran
Israel
Iraq
Saudi Arabia
6
Suez Canal
Completed by the British in 1869
7
The Tigris EuphratesRiver System
Mesopotamia Land Between the Two Rivers
Marsh Arabs, So. Iraq
8
TheJordan RiverSystem
9
Dead Sea Lowest Point on Earth
2,300 below sea level
HighestSaltContent(33)
10
Rub al-Khali Saudi ArabiaThe Empty Quarter

11
Standard G6 Discuss environmental issues across
Southwest Asia.
  • -Water is a natural resource that is unevenly
    distributed in Southwest Asia.
  • -Turkey and Iraq have plenty of water for farming
    communities. (Tigris and Euphrates)
  • -Some countries share a water source like Jordan,
    Israel and Syria (Jordan River)
  • -Saudi Arabia has almost no water.
  • -Irrigation has become necessary for those who
    want to farm and raise animals.
  • -Using wells taps into fossil water (water that
    has been underground for centuries)
  • -Saudi Arabia and Israel have developed systems
    of drip irrigation that measure out how much
    water each plant receives.

12
FIRST FIVE
  • Agenda Message SWA Geography Quiz is Friday.
    Know your geography, countries, bodies of
    water. Study your maps of SWA.
  • Standard Describe the impact of location,
    climate, physical geography, and distribution of
    natural resources on population distribution.
  • Essential Question for Tuesday August 30th
  • What are the major environmental problems in SWA?
  • Warm-up
  • What narrow waterway connects the Persian Gulf
    the Arabian Sea?
  • Today We Will
  • Review for SWA Geography Quiz
  • Water Soil Pollution

13
ANSWERS
  • E.Q. Answers for Tuesday August 30th
  • Environmental problems in SWA have to do with
    water and soil pollution. They are related based
    on the use of chemical fertilizers in farming. A
    third problem is the building of dams for
    irrigation and production of hydro-electric power
    (electricity).
  • Warm-up
  • The Strait of Hormuz

14
  • Desalination (the process of removing salt and
    other chemicals from seawater) is very expensive
    and requires complex technology.
  • Water pollution is a growing problem. Many
    farmers are using chemical fertilizers, which
    have contaminated water supplies through runoff
    water. This has increased the salt level found
    in soil, eventually making it impossible to farm.
  • The building of dams to produce hydroelectric
    power has become a source of conflict. This is
    because it greatly reduces the amount of water
    available to other countries located downstream.

15
DesalinizationPlants
16
FIRST FIVE
  • Agenda Message Except for 5th period Social
    Studies Progress Reports are not available today
    due to technical problems. Grade Book is up to
    date and available for review of your current
    grades.
  • Standard Describe the impact of location,
    climate, physical geography, and distribution of
    natural resources on population distribution.
  • Essential Question for Wednesday August 31st
    Where do people tend to live throughout SWA?
  • Warm-up What two countries have an abundant
    fresh water supply?
  • Today We Will
  • Review SWA geography for Quiz Friday
  • Population distribution and the impact of
    climate, geography and natural resources in SWA

17
E.Qs Warm-Up Answers
  • E.Q. Answer for Tuesday August 30th People tend
    to live where the weather is not too hot and not
    too cold. They also tend to live where there is
    a good supply of fresh water.
  • Warm-up
  • Turkey Iraq because the Tigris Euphrates
    Rivers both start in Turkey and both run through
    Iraq before they empty into the Persian Gulf.

18
Middle East Climate Regions
19
Middle East Population Density
20
Desert Nomads
21
  • Desert Nomads
  • People who live in the desert roaming from place
    to place (Oasis to Oasis) in search of water and
    grazing for their animals (camels and goats).
  • Desert nomads earn a living by selling their
    camels and goats and hand made goods such as
    rugs, and metal work.

22
Desert Oases Water at a Premium!
23
FIRST FIVE
  • Agenda Message SWA Map Quiz is scheduled for
    tomorrow. Social Studies Progress Reports go
    home today. Return with Parent Signature Friday
    and receive a homework grade of 100.
  • Standard Describe the impact of location,
    climate, physical geography, and distribution of
    natural resources on population distribution.
  • Essential Question for Thursday September 1st
    What percent of the worlds oil supply is found
    in SWA?
  • Warm-up Where do people tend to live?
  • Today We Will
  • Finish labeling coloring our maps of SWA
  • Population distribution/Oil distribution

24
E.Qs Warm-Up Answers
  • E.Q. Answer for Thursday September 1st
  • 50 of the worlds oil reserves are found in SWA.
  • Warm-up
  • People tend to live where the temperatures are
    Moderate (Moderate means temperatures that are
    not too hot or too cold) and where there is an
    abundant supply of fresh water.

25
  • Standard G7 Explain the impact of location,
    climate, physical characteristics, distribution
    of natural resources and population distribution
    on SW Asia
  • Oil and Natural Gas
  • The two most valuable natural resources found
    in SW Asia are oil and natural gas .
  • These resources were discovered in the 1900s and
    United States and European companies controlled
    the drilling and refining.
  • Over ½ of the worlds known oil reserves are
    found in this area of the world.

26
World Oil Reserves
27
Saudi Oil Fields Refineries
28
Standard G7 Explain the impact of location,
climate, physical characteristics, distribution
of natural resources and population distribution
on SW Asia
  • Countries in SWA that have oil have become
    incredibly rich (especially oil rich nations
    surrounding the Persian Gulf). As a result their
    people, once poor, now enjoy a high standard of
    living.
  • The countries without oil in SWA have remained
    poor and have had a much harder time improving
    living conditions for their people.

29
Persian Gulf Oil Exports (2003)
30
Standard G7 Explain the impact of location,
climate, physical characteristics, distribution
of natural resources and population distribution
on SW Asia
  • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries-
    OPEC was created in the 1960s and is made up of
    the worlds oil-rich countries from SWA, Africa
    (Nigeria), and South America (Venezuela
    Brazil).
  • OPECs goal is to control the production price
    of oil in the worlds markets.

31
Leading U. S. Oil Suppliers
The U. S. imports 30 of its oil needs from the
Middle East.
32
FIRST FIVE
  • Agenda Message SWA Geography Quiz is TODAY!!
    Today is the last day to turn in Late, Missing or
    Incomplete work before District-wide Progress
    Reports on September 7th. E.Q.s Warm-Ups for
    this week are due Tues. September 6th.
  • Standard Describe the impact of location,
    climate, physical geography, and distribution of
    natural resources on population distribution.
  • Essential Question for Friday, September 2nd
    Why was the Organization of Petroleum Exporting
    Countries (OPEC) created?
  • Warm Up
  • Name the two leading exporter of Oil to the
    United States from SWA.
  • Today We Will
  • SWA Geography Quiz

33
E.Qs Warm-Up Answers
  • Essential Question for Answers for Friday
    September 2nd
  • OPEC was created for two reasons
  • To control the production of oil, and
  • To control the price of oil in the world market.
  • Warm-up
  • Saudi Arabia and Iraq

34
Geography Quiz Extra Credit
  • 14. Describe in your own words what the Arabian
    Peninsula looks like.
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