Birth,%20Coming%20of%20Age%20and%20Death - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Birth,%20Coming%20of%20Age%20and%20Death

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Birth, Coming of Age and Death Birth Times of great uncertainty and danger Juno Lucina (Juno as goddess of light) Brought safely into the light Re-read primary source ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Birth,%20Coming%20of%20Age%20and%20Death


1
Birth, Coming of Age and Death
2
Birth
  • Times of great uncertainty and danger
  • Juno Lucina (Juno as goddess of light)
  • Brought safely into the light
  • Re-read primary source 6 names and functions
  • At least 20 minor numina
  • After birth
  • Series of rituals to ensure continued protection
    of mother and child

3
Birth
  • A sacred meal
  • Two guardians of little children
  • Picumnus and Pilumnus
  • At night 3 men
  • Hold axe, stake and broom
  • Axe and stake strike threshold while third swept
    floor with broom
  • Represent 3 numina
  • Intercidona
  • Pilumnus
  • Deverra

4
Birth
  • Child laid on ground
  • Receive numen from earth
  • Father has choice to reject/accept child
  • Exposed
  • Picked up
  • Placed in cradle protected by goddess Cunina

5
Birth
  • Couch placed in main room of house
  • Juno Lucinia girl Hercules boy
  • 8th day (girl) 9th day (boy)
  • Good chance of survival couch removed
  • Infant purified and given name with goddess
    Nundina presiding
  • Friends brought presents and good luck charms
    (bulla) put around neck

6
Birth
  • Bulla made of gold if parents could afford it
    or leather poorer families
  • Worn until adulthood
  • girl married / boy came of age
  • During next few years
  • Edulia and Potina eat and drink
  • Statilinus help stand
  • Adeona and Abeona first steps

7
Brainstorm!
  • Think about all the ceremonies and rituals that
    surround pregnancy, birth and childhood in
    todays society
  • What is the importance of these rituals?

8
Coming of Age for Boys
  • Young men marry around 21
  • Manhood 14-17 years old
  • Established that man reached puberty
  • Dedicate bulla and toys
  • Put aside purple edged toga
  • Put on plain white toga of men
  • Make offering to Jupiter on Capitoline Hill
  • Enrol as citizen

9
Rites of Dead
  • After life was vague
  • Spirits of dead continued to take interest in the
    living
  • Ancestors could be helpful if looked after
  • Jealous spirits that could harm
  • Festivals of the dead Parentalia and Lemuria
  • Precautionary
  • When member of family died rituals carried out
    carefully guard living and dead

10
Rites of Dead
  • Funerals of rich more elaborate
  • more people attend
  • Cypress branches hung at doors to indicate body
    inside
  • Funeral procession led by flute player
  • Professional mourners make as much noise as
    possible
  • Body carried on funeral couch
  • Wax masks
  • Great families large number of these
  • Worn by men in procession

11
Rites of Dead
  • Procession through forum
  • Eulogy praising dead man and reminding spectators

12
TASK
  • Read through and complete the work sheet, drawing
    a picture to correspond to each step.
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