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Day 42 Politics in the Gilded Age 1877-1900

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Day 42 Politics in the Gilded Age 1877-1900 Homework: 267-271 Pirates of Penzance- Gilbert and Sullivan Political Machines in the Gilded Age Gilded Age- period after ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Day 42 Politics in the Gilded Age 1877-1900


1
Day 42 Politics in the Gilded Age 1877-1900
  • Homework 267-271

2
Pirates of Penzance- Gilbert and Sullivan
3
Political Machines in the Gilded Age
  • Gilded Age- period after reconstruction from
    1877-1900 (Unprecedented growth, immigration and
    tumultuous politics)
  • Political Machines- Mayor, Precinct, Ward Boss,
    Captains, Workers
  • Loyalty, Money, contracts
  • Immigrant enclaves and boss

4
Graft and scandal
  • Graft- illegal use of political power
  • kick back
  • Tweed Ring Scandal- 3 Million courthouse cost
    13 Million

5
Civil Service
  • Patronage giving jobs to candidates allies
  • Civil Service- Merit System of hire
  • Stalwarts- In NY supporters of Roscoe Conkling
    who fought against civil Service
  • Rutherford B. Hayes (Pres. 19) angers own party
    bosses when he begins investigations of custom
    houses.
  • James Garfield (Pres. 20) elected as an
    Independent Republican is assassinated
  • Chester A. Arthur (Pres. 21) although elected as
    Vice President because of connections with City
    Bosses- he turns reformer.
  • Pendleton Act- Authorization of civil service
    commission

6
Business Buys Influence
  • Big Business demands high tariffs
  • Grover Cleveland (Pres. 22) first Democrat in 28
    years- tries to lower tariffs but cant with
    congress
  • Benjamin Harrison (Pres. 23) backed by Big
    Business and raises tariffs
  • Grover Cleveland (Pres. 24) becomes President
    again , but again cant change tariffs
  • William McKinley (Pres. 25 elected raise Tariffs
    again

7
Summary Questions
  1. Who were the supporters of Roscoe Conkling and
    against civil service reform?
  2. This act authorized a civil service commission to
    make government appointments based on merit.
  3. This President surprised everyone by turning
    reformer.
  4. Unable to make many reforms due to Congress this
    President was able to make major changes in
    custom house.
  5. Unethical political practices and influence for
    political gain
  6. Organized groups that controlled city politics?

8
Let Us Prey (Harpers Weekley Sept. 23,1887
9
Gold Presentation Vase 1893 by Paul Farnham for
Tiffany and Co.
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