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Mugiyanto, Senior Program Officer for Human Rights and Democracy

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Mugiyanto, Senior Program Officer for Human Rights and Democracy Side Event on the 30th Session of UN Human Rights Council, Geneva, 18 September 2015 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mugiyanto, Senior Program Officer for Human Rights and Democracy


1
Local Government and Human Rights Localizing
Human Rights Realization
  • Mugiyanto, Senior Program Officer for Human
    Rights and Democracy
  • Side Event on the 30th Session of UN Human Rights
    Council,
  • Geneva, 18 September 2015

2
Significance
  • Ensuring the transition to democracy and respect
    of human rights
  • Providing alternatives to the tendencies of the
    growing of religious and market fundamentalisms

3
Local Government in the Republic of Indonesia34
Provinces , 416 Districts , 98 Cities
4
National Legal Framework on Local Government
  1. Constitution 1945 Art. 18 on Local Government
  2. Constitution 1945 Art. 28 on Human Rights
  3. Law No. 39, 1999 on Human Rights
  4. Law No. 23, 2014 on Local Government
  5. Regulation of the Minister of Law and Human
    Rights No. 25, 2013 on Criteria of Human Rights
    Friendly District/City

5
Operational FoundationLaw No. 24/2014 on Local
Government
  • The Law provides space for the integration of
    human rights in local level development by
    providing bigger roles for local government to
    implement certain rights and services.

6
Concurrent Affairs Local Government Authorities
  • Obligatory Service of Basic Needs
  • Education,
  • Health,
  • Public works and spatial management,
  • Public housing
  • Public peace
  • Public order and community and social protection
  • Obligatory Service of Non Basic Needs
  • Jobs
  • Women empowerment and children protection
  • Food, Land and Ennvironment
  • Civil administration
  • Village and community development
  • Population control and family planning
  • Transportation, Communication and information
  • Cooperatives and SMEs
  • Investment
  • Culture, youth and sport
  • Statistics, library and archiving

7
Strategy Localizing Human Rights
  • Identifying Potential Cities/Districts
  • Engaging Committed Head of Districts/Cities

8
Promoting Human Rights Cities
  • Yearly Conference
  • Campaign Kits Production

9
Promoting Human Rights Cities
  • INFID and the District of Wonosobo have
    participated in the World Human Rights Cities
    Forum (WHRCF) in Gwangju, South Korea in 2013,
    2014 and 2015

10
Engaging Local Government Signing Ceremony of
the MoU on the Implementation of HRC
11
Engaging Local Governments
  • Integration in the 5-Year National Action Plan on
    Human Rights (RANHAM 2015 - 2019)
  • Integration of Human Rights in the Middle Term
    National Development Plan (RPJMN) in
    District/City Level
  • Enactment of Local Law on Human Rights
  • Enactment of Local Leaders (Mayor/Regent)
    Regulation on Human Rights
  • Enactment of Local Law on specific rights/services

12
Institutionalization of HRC Local Law on HRC
  • District of Wonosobo
  • City of Bandung

13
Institutionalization of HRC Local Law on HRC
  • Enactment of the Mayor/Regent Decree for the
    rights to reparation of the victims of HR
    violation
  • gt City of Palu in Sulawesi
  • As a human, as a Mayor who has responsibility, I
    have to apologize Rusdy Mastura, Mayor of Palu

14
Responses of Central Government
  • There has been Ministry Regulation for Human
    Rights Friendly Cities (No. 25/2013)
  • Involving CSOs to amend the regulations on
    standards
  • Welcoming the idea of doing intensive works in
    collaboration with CSOs
  • There is a yearly award for human rights friendly
    cities/districts

15
Key Challenges
  • Political willingness
  • Corruption by local government officers
  • Level of public participation
  • Transparency of the government
  • Capacity of local apparatus
  • Coordination between central and local government
  • Opposition by Islamic conservative parties

16
Conclusion and Recommendations
  • That the promotion, protection and promotion of
    human rights is the responsibility of the state,
    particularly the government, at all level,
    including Local Governments.
  • That the Human Rights Council should ensure all
    Member States of the United Nations to provide
    meaningful space for the civil society
    organization in the realization of human rights
    by local governments.
  • That the Human Rights Council should develop a
    guiding principles on Local Government and Human
    Rights
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