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Ancient Greek Theater

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1. The tragic hero is an important person (ie: king, princess) * Ancient Greeks felt that the tragedy would be more profound if the hero had more to lose 2. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Greek Theater


1
Ancient Greek Theater
2
The Dionysius from DIONYSUS God of wine,
agriculture, fertility, festivity patron of
theater The Dionysius was in honor of him.
3
Ancient Greek Theater
  • SatyrsA woodland creature depicted as having the
    pointed ears, legs, and short horns of a goat and
    a fondness for unrestrained revelry. They
    accompanied Dionysus.

4
Theater Competitions
  • Dithyramb
  • a song
  • Comedy
  • Satire (from satyr)
  • Parody
  • Tragedy
  • based on human suffering
  • from tragos (goat song)
  •  

5
Ancient Greek Theater
  • Theatron literally watching place- where the
    audience sat
  • Orchestrawhere the chorus sang and danced
  • Parados aisles where actors or chorus entered
    and exited
  • Skene backdrop or scenic wall
  • Machinery
  • aerorema
  • Deus ex machina
  • ekkyklema

6
If you were in the audience
7
Masks
  • 1. Visibility
  • 2. Characterization
  • Emotion, Men only
  • 3. Few actors, many roles
  • 4. Acoustic Assistance

8
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9
  • s

10
  • a

11
  • A

12
Theater Competitions
  • Thespis (c. 534 BC.) one actor
  •  Aeschylus (525 BC.) two actors
  • Sophocles (497 BC.) three actors

13
Sophocles
  • Son of a wealthy household
  • Highly educated
  • Served as chorus leader
  • Later, served as high official in Athens and
    playwright
  • Wrote 120 plays Seven still exist
  • Most awarded playwright for 50 years
  • Well respected by Athenians
  • Died at age of 90 Athenians paid homage to him.

14
Chorus and Chorus Leader (Choragos)
  • Represent the citizens of the city
  • Usually sings or chants
  • Chorus leader interacts with characters as a
    representative of the citizens
  • Playwrights would choreograph the movements of
    the chorus

15
Chorus
  • Provide background
  • Summarize previous scene
  • Comment on theme or action of the drama
  • Represent the attitude of the citizens
  • Foreshadow

16
THREE UNITIES
  • Unity of Time
  • Unity of Place
  • Unity of Plot

17
Oedipus Rex (Oedipus the King)
  • Trilogy Oedipus the King
  • Oedipus in Colonus
  • Antigone

18
Fate
  • pre-determined inescapable
  • The Fates
  • three white-robed personifications of destiny
  • controlled the thread of life of every mortal and
    immortal
  • appeared three nights after a babys birth to
    determine destiny
  • feared even by the gods

19
The Three Fates
  • Clotho spins the thread
  • Lachesis measures the thread
  • Atropos cuts the thread

20
Back to Oedipus Rex
  • A young king and queen have a son
  • They seek a prophecy about their son from the
    Oracle of Delphi

21
The Oracles Prophecy
  • He will one day kill his father and marry his
    mother.
  • In response, the baby is exposed, his feet
    pinned, and he is left on the mountain

22
A shepherd finds him and shows mercy by bringing
him to Corinth
  • King Polybus Queen Merope
  • childless, they adopt the baby
  • They name him Oedipus swollen foot
  • is brought up as a prince, unaware of his own
    history

23
As a young man, he hears a rumorthat he is not
who he thinks he is
  • Goes to the Oracle of Delphi for counsel
  • Is told, You will someday kill your father and
    marry your mother
  • Horrified, Oedipus decides to leave Corinth

24
Oedipuss Journey
  • travels across the mountain
  • altercation at the crossroads with a wealthy man
    in a chariot and the mans servants. He kills
    the man and all but one of the servants.

25
The Sphinx
  • Lioness with wings and human head
  • Stood at entrance to Thebes, devoured anyone
    unable to answer her riddle
  • What goes on four legs in the morning, on two
    legs in the afternoon, and on three legs in the
    evening?

26
Oedipus the hero and King of Thebes
  • marries the beautiful queen, Jocasta
  • has four children Eteocles, Polynieces,
    Antigone, Ismene
  • They live happily many years

27
Plague in Thebes
  • Messenger sent to Oracle of Delphi to find the
    cause of the plague which is destroying the
    citizens of Thebes
  • Oracle says there is a plague because the
    murderer of the late King Laius still lives in
    the city of Thebes

28
Oedipus the Hero
  • King Oedipus calls Tiresius, the blind seer
  • Tiresius says, Do not seek the murderer lest you
    find that is you yourself
  • Jocasta tells Oedipus,
  • All seers are all liars
  • Dramatic Irony-occurs
  • when the audience
  • knows more than the
  • character himself does

29
Oedipus sees
  •  Messenger from Corinth
  •  Oedipus can returnKing Polybus is dead
  • You are Meropes beloved adopted son

30
The Tragedy
  • Jocasta leaves upset and kills herself offstage.

31
The Tragedy Continues
  • Oedipus blinds himself with Jocastas brooch pins
  • Says, I could not see the truth when I had eyes

32
Oedipus in Exile
  • Sons are put under the care of Creon, their uncle
  • Daughters accompany their father to Colonus and
    live with him there in exile.
  • Polynieces visits Oedipus
  • He has been banished by Creon
  • and Eteocles, and is preparing
  • to attack Thebes with the help
  • of the Argive army.

33
Oedipuss Prophecy and Death
  • On his deathbed, Oedipus fortells the doom of his
    two sons, that they will kill each other in
    battle
  • There is a firestorm from Zeus as Oedipus dies

34
Characteristics of a Tragic Hero
  • 1. The tragic hero is an important person (ie
    king, princess)
  • Ancient Greeks felt that the tragedy would be
    more profound if the hero had more to
    lose
  • 2. The tragic hero has a tragic flaw, usually
    hubris (excessive pride) which leads to his/her
    downfall.
  • 3. The tragic hero has an important moral choice.
  • 4. The choice which the hero makes leads to ruin.
  • 5. The destruction which the hero causes becomes
    widespread, affecting those around the tragic
    hero.
  • 6. The hero experiences an epiphany as a result
    of the destruction he has caused.
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