The World of Geography - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: The World of Geography


1
Chapter 1
  • The World of Geography

2
Section 1
  • The Five Themes of Geography

3
Geography
  • Is the study of the Earth

4
Geographers are guided by two basic questions
  • Where are things located???
  • Why are they there???

5
To find the answers, geographers use themes to
organize information
  • Location where a point exists
  • Place a locations physical and human features
  • Human Environment interaction how people affect
    their environment
  • Movement How goods, ideas, and people get from
    one place to another
  • Regions Large areas that are linked by similar
    characteristics

6
Location
  • Absolute location
  • A places exact position on Earth (geographic
    address)
  • Uses latitude and longitude
  • Relative location
  • Explains where a place is by describing places
    near it.
  • I live in Bismarck, 190 miles west of Fargo

7
Location
  • Lines of Latitude
  • East-West circles around the globe
  • Parallels
  • Another name for lines of latitude, because they
    are parallel to one another
  • Degrees
  • Unit used to measure location on maps
  • Equator
  • A parallel in the middle of the globe

8
Location
  • Lines of Longitude
  • Lines that circle the globe from North-South
  • Meridians
  • Another name for lines of Longitude
  • All run through the North and South Poles
  • Prime Meridian
  • Runs though Greenwich, England
  • Is 0 degrees longitude

9
Latitude and Longitude
  • Latitude
  • Measured North and South of Equator
  • Longitude
  • Measured East and West of Prime Meridian
  • (Greenwich, England)
  • Measured in degrees, minutes, seconds
  • Degree - 69.1 miles
  • Minute - 1.15 miles
  • Second - 101 feet

10
Place
  • Physical features
  • Climate - hot or cold
  • Land is hilly
  • Human features
  • How many people live there
  • What these people do

11
Human - Environment Interaction
  • How have people learned to survive in the area?
  • How do they deal with the environment?
  • Are they helping or hurting the environment?

12
Movement
  • Helps people understand cultural changes
  • Goods and people move bringing their culture
    with them
  • Immigrants to America

13
Regions
  • Used to make comparisons
  • Deserts, forests, plains, mountains
  • Plain
  • A region of flat land

14
Section 2
  • The Geographers Tools

15
Maps
  • Globe
  • The most accurate description
  • Hard to carry around
  • Scale
  • Size of an area on a map compared to the actual
    size of an area (1 in 100 miles)
  • Flat maps
  • Easy to carry around
  • Shows some distortion. (misrepresentation)
  • Change in the accuracy of the shapes and distances

16
Maps
  • Projection - method of putting a map of the Earth
    onto a flat piece of paper
  • Mercator Projection
  • Gerardus Mercator
  • Flat map - used by sailors
  • Shows correct shapes of landmasses, but not true
    distances or sizes
  • Robinson Projection
  • Arthur Robinson
  • Best world map available
  • Distorted around the edges
  • WAS Official projection for National Geographic
    now Winkle Tripel

17
More Maps
  • Interrupted projection map
  • Orange Peel
  • Hard to figure distances correctly
  • Distortion
  • Flat maps distort land masses because the Earth
    is round.
  • Subject of a Map Title

18
Parts of a map
  • Compass rose
  • Shows the cardinal directions north, south,
    east, and west.
  • Key
  • legend explains the symbols for features such
    as roads and cities.
  • Grid
  • Helps people find things on the map
  • Parallels and meridians
  • Letters and numbers
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The World of Geography

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Title: Chapter 1 Author: bps bps Last modified by: Derrick Leithold Created Date: 8/18/2005 7:42:26 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The World of Geography


1
Chapter 1
  • The World of Geography

2
Section 1
  • The Five Themes of Geography

3
Geography
  • Is the study of the Earth

4
Geographers are guided by two basic questions
  • Where are things located???
  • Why are they there???

5
To find the answers, geographers use themes to
organize information
  • Location where a point exists
  • Place a locations physical and human features
  • Human Environment interaction how people affect
    their environment
  • Movement How goods, ideas, and people get from
    one place to another
  • Regions Large areas that are linked by similar
    characteristics

6
Location
  • Absolute location
  • A places exact position on Earth (geographic
    address)
  • Uses latitude and longitude
  • Relative location
  • Explains where a place is by describing places
    near it.
  • I live in Bismarck, 190 miles west of Fargo

7
Location
  • Lines of Latitude
  • East-West circles around the globe
  • Parallels
  • Another name for lines of latitude, because they
    are parallel to one another
  • Degrees
  • Unit used to measure location on maps
  • Equator
  • A parallel in the middle of the globe

8
Location
  • Lines of Longitude
  • Lines that circle the globe from North-South
  • Meridians
  • Another name for lines of Longitude
  • All run through the North and South Poles
  • Prime Meridian
  • Runs though Greenwich, England
  • Is 0 degrees longitude

9
Latitude and Longitude
  • Latitude
  • Measured North and South of Equator
  • Longitude
  • Measured East and West of Prime Meridian
  • (Greenwich, England)
  • Measured in degrees, minutes, seconds
  • Degree - 69.1 miles
  • Minute - 1.15 miles
  • Second - 101 feet

10
Place
  • Physical features
  • Climate - hot or cold
  • Land is hilly
  • Human features
  • How many people live there
  • What these people do

11
Human - Environment Interaction
  • How have people learned to survive in the area?
  • How do they deal with the environment?
  • Are they helping or hurting the environment?

12
Movement
  • Helps people understand cultural changes
  • Goods and people move bringing their culture
    with them
  • Immigrants to America

13
Regions
  • Used to make comparisons
  • Deserts, forests, plains, mountains
  • Plain
  • A region of flat land

14
Section 2
  • The Geographers Tools

15
Maps
  • Globe
  • The most accurate description
  • Hard to carry around
  • Scale
  • Size of an area on a map compared to the actual
    size of an area (1 in 100 miles)
  • Flat maps
  • Easy to carry around
  • Shows some distortion. (misrepresentation)
  • Change in the accuracy of the shapes and distances

16
Maps
  • Projection - method of putting a map of the Earth
    onto a flat piece of paper
  • Mercator Projection
  • Gerardus Mercator
  • Flat map - used by sailors
  • Shows correct shapes of landmasses, but not true
    distances or sizes
  • Robinson Projection
  • Arthur Robinson
  • Best world map available
  • Distorted around the edges
  • WAS Official projection for National Geographic
    now Winkle Tripel

17
More Maps
  • Interrupted projection map
  • Orange Peel
  • Hard to figure distances correctly
  • Distortion
  • Flat maps distort land masses because the Earth
    is round.
  • Subject of a Map Title

18
Parts of a map
  • Compass rose
  • Shows the cardinal directions north, south,
    east, and west.
  • Key
  • legend explains the symbols for features such
    as roads and cities.
  • Grid
  • Helps people find things on the map
  • Parallels and meridians
  • Letters and numbers
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