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Bridging the Development Gap

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Bridging the Development Gap Aim: to understand the reasons for the gap between MEDC s and LEDC s Task 1 Label these 20 countries onto your world map use the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Bridging the Development Gap


1
Bridging the Development Gap
  • Aim to understand the reasons for the gap
    between MEDCs and LEDCs

2
Task 1
  • Label these 20 countries onto your world map
    use the number as a key and write the countries
    in two columns into your book.
  • In a different colour, can you draw one
    continuous line that separates the rich and poor
    countries?

3
United Kingdom Australia
Mexico Brazil
Ethiopia Germany
Japan USA
Chile Nigeria
China Somalia
Saudi Arabia South Africa
New Zealand Peru
Canada Angola
Congo India
4
Blue represents the More Economically Developed
Countries
Red represents the Less Economically Developed
Countries
5
What is the development gap?
  • While some countries, such as South Africa and
    Australia have made the jump from less
    economically developed to more economically
    developed, it still remains an impossible dream
    for some countries.
  • Why do you think this could be? Discuss with your
    partner what you consider to be the key factors
    limiting development.

6
Factors Limiting Development
7
Why the Development Gap gets bigger - Debt
  • Many countries, in their search for development,
    borrow huge sums of money from rich countries in
    order to finance the development of industry and
    infrastructure.
  • They get into debt because the rich countries
    charge huge interest, which cannot be paid back.
    Therefore, the poor country often owes more than
    before they took the loan.

8
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9
Why the Development Gap gets bigger - Corruption
  • When borrowing these huge sums of money, often
    some of it goes missing funding the
    politicians that dominate the country (case in
    point Mugabe in Zimbabwe)
  • Often the poor do not reap the benefits of
    international aid or development projects,
    widening the gap between the rich and poor within
    a country as well as internationally.

10
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11
Why the Development Gap gets bigger Natural
Hazards
  • Natural hazards, such as drought and famine are
    more common in LEDCs. They affect the lives of
    millions of people, and can on occasion cause
    civil unrest.
  • While the rich may send aid so that the immediate
    impacts are dealt with, often aid will stop,
    leaving the country with the more expensive clean
    up operation.

12
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13
Task 2
  • The Development Gap
  • Under the headings Debt, Corruption and Natural
    Hazards, describe and explain how each of these
    factors widens the development gap.
  • (9 marks)
  • Remember to use PEGEX in your answer.
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