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Developmental Psychology

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Title: Developmental Psychology Author: Heath Kaplan Last modified by: kso Created Date: 11/29/2009 6:46:46 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Developmental Psychology


1
I am still learning. - Michelangelo, 1560, at
age 85
2
Developmental Psychology
  • The study of YOU from womb to tomb.
  • We are going to study how we change physically,
    socially, cognitively and morally over our
    lifetimes.

OLD AGE AND GRIEVING
3
Physical Changes
  • Muscular strength, reactionary time, sensory
    keenness, and cardiac output all crest in the
    mid-twenties

4
In 2002, George Blair became the worlds oldest
barefoot water skier, 18 days after his 87th
birthday.
5
Gradual Decline in Fertility
  • Chances of pregnancy for a 35-39 year old are
    half that of a 19-26 year old There is a
    gradual decline in sperm count
    and testosterone for
    men.

6
Adulthood Physical Development
  • Menopause approximately age 50
  • the time of natural cessation of menstruation
  • also refers to the biological changes a woman
    experiences as her ability to reproduce declines

7
Adulthood Physical Development
  • The Aging Senses

A 65-year olds eye only receives 1/3 as much
light as a 20 year olds does Dont you need
light for reading?
1.00
Most stairway falls taken by older people occur
on the top step, precisely where the person
typically descends from a window-lit hallway into
the dark stairway.
0.75
0.50
0.25
0
10
30
50
70
90
Age in years
8
Adulthood Physical Development
  • The Aging Senses

Age in years
9
Adulthood Physical Development
  • The Aging Senses

90
70
50
10
30
50
70
90
Age in years
10
Adulthood Physical Development
Fatal accident rate
  • Slowing reactions contribute to increased
    accident risks among those 75 and older.

12
10
8
6
4
2
0
16
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75 and over
Age
11
French woman Jeanne Calment, the oldest human in
history with authenticated age, died in 1998 at
age 122. At age 100, she was still riding a
bike. At age 114, she became the oldest film
actor ever, by portraying herself in Vincent and
Me.
12
Health
  • Good news accumulation of anti-bodies results
    in less short-term ailments (flu or cold)
  • Bad news immune system weakens, making the
    body more susceptible to ailments such as
    pneumonia or cancer

13
Memory
  • Brain regions important to memory atrophy with
    aging
  • By age 80, contributes to a total brain weight
    reduction of 5
  • Frontal lobe atrophies causes overly blunt
    questions such as Did you put on weight?
  • Exercise promotes neurogenesis birth of new
    brain cells

14
Adulthood Physical Development
  • Incidence of Dementia by Age

Dementia mental erosion of the brain
(substantial loss of brain cells)
15
Alzheimers Disease
  • Alzheimers Disease
  • a progressive and irreversible brain disorder
  • characterized by first loss of smell, then a
    gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning,
    emotion, language, and finally, physical
    functioning
  • Deterioration of brain cells that produce
    acetylcholine - messenger

I dont want to attain immortality through my
work I want to attain immortality by not dying.
Woody Allen (film director)
16
Adulthood Cognitive Development
100
  • Recalling new names introduced once, twice, or
    three times is easier for younger adults than for
    older ones (Crook West, 1990).

Percent of names recalled
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
18
40
50
60
70
Age group
17
Types of Intelligence
  • Crystallized Intelligence
  • Fluid Intelligence
  • Accumulated knowledge.
  • Increases with age.
  • Ability to solve problems quickly and think
    abstractly.
  • Peaks in the 20s and then decreases over time.

18
(No Transcript)
19
Adulthood Social Development
  • Early-forties midlife crisis?

20
Adulthood Social Changes
  • Social Clock
  • the culturally preferred timing of social events
  • marriage
  • parenthood
  • retirement

21
Marriage
  • Most likely to occur when after 20 and educated
  • Why is divorce rate going up?
  • Womens lessened economic dependence
  • Rising expectations on both sides

22
Adulthood Social Changes
  • Multinational surveys show that age differences
    in life satisfaction are trivial (Inglehart,
    1990).

Percentage satisfied with life as a whole
80
60
40
20
0
15
25
35
45
55
65
Age group
23
Adulthood Social Changes
24
Death
  • Elizabeth Kubler-Rosss Stages of Death/Grief.
  • Denial
  • Anger
  • Bargaining
  • Depression
  • Acceptance

Not everyone goes through them all and not
necessarily in this order
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