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Sparta and Athens

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Sparta Boys entered the military at age seven. ... Athenian girls learned household duties from their mothers. Some wealthy girls learned reading, writing, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sparta and Athens


1
Sparta and Athens
2
Tyranny in the City States
  • Nobles, who owned large farms, seized power from
    the Greek kings.
  • Farmers had to borrow money from nobles and often
    could not pay back the debt.
  • These farmers lost their land
  • had to work for the nobles or were sold into
    slavery.

3
Tyranny in the City States
  • Unhappy farmers demanded changes in the power
    structure of the city-states.
  • This unhappiness led to the rise of tyrants
  • people who take power by force and rule with
    total authority

4
Tyranny in the City States
  • Tyrants overthrew the nobles during the 600s B.C.
  • maintained their popularity by building
    marketplaces, temples, and walls
  • brought security and prosperity to the city
    states.

5
Tyranny in the City States
  • The Greek people eventually got tired of the
    tyrants and created either oligarchies or
    democracies

6
Oligarchy
  • An oligarchy is a form of government in which a
    few people hold power
  • Sparta was an oligarchy

7
Democracy
  • A democracy is a form of government in which all
    citizens share power.
  • Athens was a democracy

8
Sparta
  • To obtain more land, Spartans conquered and
    enslaved their neighbors, calling them helots.
  • to keep the helots from rebelling, the Spartans
    created a strong military of boys and men.

9
Sparta
  • Boys entered the military at age seven.
  • At age 20, men entered the regular army and lived
    in the barracks for 10 years.
  • They returned home at age 30 but served in the
    army until age 60.

10
Sparta
  • Spartan girls were trained in sports to become
    healthy mothers
  • freer than other Greek women.

11
What was Spartan Government Like?
  • The Spartan government was an oligarchy
    containing two branches
  • a council of elders
  • an assembly.

12
What was Spartan Government Like?
  • The Spartan government kept foreign travelers out
  • Also discouraged citizens from traveling
  • All in order to maintain control of the country.

13
Athens
  • Boys in Athens attended school to learn reading,
    writing, and arithmetic.
  • Athenian girls learned household duties from
    their mothers.
  • Some wealthy girls learned reading, writing, and
    playing the lyre.

14
A Budding Democracy
  • The government of early Athens was an oligarchy.
  • A noble named Solon reformed the Athenian
    government in 594 B.C.

15
A Budding Democracy
  • The tyrant Peisistratus seized power 30 years
    after Solons reforms

16
A Budding Democracy
  • Cleisthenes took power in 508 B.C.
  • He created a democracy in Athens

17
A Budding Democracy
  • Cleisthenes gave the assembly more power.
  • also created a new council to help the assembly
    carry out its duties.
  • Members of the council were chosen by lottery.
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