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Sparta and Athens


Title: Ancient Greek Society Author: LCPS Last modified by: LCPS Created Date: 12/4/2008 3:36:47 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Tags: ancient | athens | greek | sparta


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Title: Sparta and Athens

Sparta and Athens
The Emergence of Sparta
  • Spartan society was far different from Athens
  • Was located on the Peloponnesus peninsula
  • Spartans took over lands near them to expand
    their empire for food
  • People conquered forced to
  • work their own land- called helots
  • Helots revolted and almost
  • defeated Spartans
  • Due to revolt the Spartans
  • build a strong military state

Spartan Government
  • Spartan government was an oligarchy
  • Rule by a few strong military leaders
  • Two powerful kings ruled Sparta at all times
  • Under the kings were two other groups
  • The assembly free adult males elected
  • Voted on the major issues of Sparta
  • Council of Elders those who were elder
  • Proposed and carried out the approved laws of
  • Also in charge of education and the court system

Spartan Society
  • Upper Class those who were family of the
    original people of Sparta (original land owners)
  • Citizens usually had to pass a physical test to
    become a citizen
  • If a person failed they became a Middle Class
  • Middle Class non-citizens but were free people
  • People worked industrial or commerce jobs
  • Lower Class Helots those forced to work their
    own land, but conquered by Spartans
  • Were seen as just slightly better than slaves
    (farmers mainly)
  • Slaves those who were owned by wealthy land
    owners of the Upper Class
  • Did the chores of the home, etc.

Spartan Society (contd)
  • Women held a higher status in Sparta v. Athens
  • If they passed a physical test they were citizens
  • Able to be seen in society if a citizen
  • Other Greek city-states questioned this role
  • Spartan Babies
  • Babies that were thought to be unfit would be
    left on mountaintops or tossed away by the father
  • Unfit babies includes
  • Deformed, undersized, or anything not considered

Spartan Education
  • Education differed for males and females
  • Women were given some education in Sparta
  • For the boys life centered on military training
  • Around age 7 boys would be taken to a barracks
  • Training would last for next 12-15 years
  • Heads were shaved and their clothes and food was
  • Trained to fight, kill and always put Sparta
    before self
  • For the girls education involved many things
  • Girls taught to run, wrestle and play sports
  • Also focused on placing Sparta before themselves
  • Neither boys or girls focused on the arts, or
    other skills such as orating (speaking)

The Emergence of Athens
  • Located on the Balkan peninsula
  • Was controlled by the Mycenaeans until they were
    weakened by the Trojan War
  • Was first ruled by a monarchy
  • Later switched to aristocracy
  • Rule by a few rich landowners
  • For a short period of time
  • they were under tyranny
  • Eventually they created a
  • limited democracy

The Athenian Democracy
  • Athenians created a democracy to avoid a war
  • Problems b/w rich and poor were growing
  • Same problems were similar all through Greece
  • Solon and Cleisthenes both help reform Athens
  • Only free adult males were part of democracy
  • Makes it a limited democracy- limited people
  • Also a direct democracy- people vote, majority
  • Women, foreigners, slaves not allowed to vote
  • Not given citizenship or rights either

Athenian Society
  • Athenian society was based on education, arts and
  • Society had 2 classes based on wealth/land
  • Citizen Class- those who owned land and were able
    to vote and participate in the government
  • Non-citizen Class- all non-land owners, slaves
    and foreign people in the city-state of Greece
  • Women had no rights to vote and mainly stayed in
    the home to deal with cooking, cleaning, children
  • Could be a citizen if her husband was, but could
    not vote

Athenian Education
  • Education in Athens was the most important
  • Focused on reading, writing, math, and speaking
  • Also focused on philosophy and music
  • For the boys-
  • Boys were taught from age 6-7 in the arts at
  • Went to 4 additional years of school around age
  • Were expected to serve 2 years in the military
  • For the girls-
  • Girls were taught to read and write at home
  • Also taught how to weave, cook , etc.

Sparta v. Athens
  • Neither area like the other
  • Both thought they were better than the other
  • Sparta had the stronger Army
  • Athens had the stronger Navy
  • Athens had the smarter, more rounded people
  • Sparta had the better fighters
  • Women had a larger role in Sparta and could be
    citizens- if they passed the physical test
  • Women of Athens were only citizens if husband was