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Poor%20Richard

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Title: Poor Richard s Almanack Author: e200601334 Last modified by: Campbell, Arnecie Created Date: 12/19/2012 12:40:10 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Poor%20Richard


1
Poor Richards Almanack
  • Benjamin Franklin

2
Benjamin Franklin
  • Worked as a printer for his brothers print shop
  • By the time he was 16, he was writing columns for
    his brothers newspaper
  • Moved to Philadelphia to open his own print shop
  • Retired at 42
  • Played an important role in the drafting of the
    Declaration and enlisting the French to help in
    our war.
  • Responsible for inventing street lamps,
    lightening rod, and bifocal eye glasses and
    establishing the fire department and public
    library (among many other things)

3
Ben Franklins Secret to Success
  • In his autobiography, he describes how he
    attempted to become the perfect person/citizen.
  • Using logic and scientific reasoning (values and
    elements of the time of Rationalism), he
    attempted to achieve perfection at 1 virtue a
    week, adding another virtue when he became
    successful at maintaining the first.

4
13 Virtues to Perfection
  • Temperance
  • Silence
  • Order
  • Resolution
  • Frugality
  • Industry
  • Sincerity
  • Justice
  • Moderation
  • Cleanliness
  • Tranquility
  • Chastity
  • Humility

He made this list in a particular order, thinking
that his achievement of the previous virtue would
help him accomplish the next one He was not
successful in achieving perfection (no one would
be). However, he became a better man because he
tried.
5
Poor Richards Almanack
  • Franklins most popular and enduring contribution
    to American (literary) culture.
  • Franklin published the manuscript under the
    pseudonym Richard Saunders. The character was a
    dull and foolish astronomer who became
    thoughtful, pious, and humorous over the years.

6
Whats an Almanack?
  • Almanack an annual publication containing
    information, observations, and advice
  • What was in an Almanack?
  • Practical information about the calendar
  • Sun and moon phases
  • Weather (from the previous year)
  • Agricultural advice
  • Aphorisms

7
from The Autobiography
  • Directions Copy/answer the following questions.
  • 1. How does Franklin begin his project to achieve
    moral perfection?
  •  2. What does Franklins goal of moral
    perfection suggest about the values of the
    time period?
  •  3. Which virtue is most difficult for Franklin
    to master?
  •  4. Why does Franklin devote a week to each of
    the virtues?
  • 5. What is the best way to summarize Franklins
    philosophy at the end of the selection?
  • 10 Modern Virtues
  • In small groups, develop your own list of modern
    virtues (that is, virtues for the 21st Century).
    Make a list of 10 virtues. Each virtue needs a
    title and definition/description. After you have
    finished, circle the top 3 virtues you find most
    important. Be ready to discuss!

8
Whats an Aphorism?
  • Aphorism short, witty (and often humorous)
    homespun sayings and observations with a message
    about life or humanity
  • (also known in our culture as proverbs and
    maxims)
  • Example
  • The early bird gets the worm.
  • Such aphorisms were often at the top and bottom
    of each page of his Almanack.

9
(No Transcript)
10
Directions Part 1
Aphorism Meaning/ Interpretation Virtue the Aphorism reflects
Write the aphorism here Write the meaning or interpretation here Write the virtue (out of the 13 Franklin mentions in his autobiography) that the aphorism reflects






  • Turn to page 146
  • Create the following chart on a sheet of paper (3
    columns with 5 rowsone for each aphorism)
  • Choose 5 of the aphorisms from your book.
  • Fill in the chart, discussing the interpretation
    of each aphorism and how it reflects the virtues
    Franklin valued.

11
Directions Part 2
  • APHORISM BOOKMARK
  • TASK You are creating your own personal
    bookmark. This will be the only one like it in
    existence. Choose and write on bookmark one
    aphorism that illustrates what you try to live
    by. Represent yourself by using colors and
    symbols that best represent your personality,
    hobbies, and interests.
  • Write your name somewhere on the bookmark
  • Do a good job! These will be laminated for you
    to keep use ?
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