COMMON%20EXAM%20REVIEW - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

COMMON%20EXAM%20REVIEW

Description:

COMMON EXAM REVIEW American History 2 1877-Present – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:793
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 93
Provided by: K419
Learn more at: http://americanlipp210.weebly.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: COMMON%20EXAM%20REVIEW


1
COMMON EXAM REVIEW
  • American History 2
  • 1877-Present

2
Reconstruction Ends
  • Election of 1876
  • Hayes is elected
  • Compromise of 1877- political compromise to make
    Hayes President and end Reconstruction

3
The New South
  • The Gilded Age Begins
  • Reconstruction Ends
  • New South
  • Solid South
  • Jim Crow Laws

4
Gilded Age
  • What is something that is Gilded?
  • Political Corruption
  • Political Machines
  • Tweed Ring Broken
  • Credit Mobilier revealed
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

Who took the Peoples Money?
5
1870-1920 Industrialization/Big Business
  • 1869 Transcontinental Railroad Connected-
    Promontory Point Who built it?
  • Rockefeller/ Standard Oil
  • Carnegie/ Carnegie Steel
  • Vertical and Horizontal Integration
  • Social Darwinism
  • Philanthropy
  • The AGE OF MONOPOLIES and TRUSTS
  • 1890 Sherman Anti-Trust Act- no effect
  • 1914 Clayton Anti-Trust Act
  • 1914 Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

6
THE TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD
  • What major innovation helped create a westward
    migration movement in the 1800's?

7
Civil Service Reform
  • 1880-1881  James Garfield Elected
    President
  • Assassinated
  • 1881-1885 Chester Arthur Becomes President
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act Passed

8
Labor Unions
  • Railroad Strike of 1877
  • Knights of Labor
  • Haymarket Square Riot 1886
  • AFL
  • Samuel Gompers
  • Collective Bargaining
  • American Railway Union
  • Eugene Debs
  • Pullman Strike 1893
  • IWW/ Socialist Party

9
Immigration
  • Angel Island
  • Ellis Island
  • Tenements
  • Mass transit
  • Sanitation
  • Jane Addams/ Hull House
  • 1907 Gentlemens Agreement

Resentment of Immigrants
1882 Chinese Exclusion Act
10
Go away!
11
Neighborhoods where everybody was the same-
Many people wanted immigration restriction
  • What were "ethnic islands"?
  • What were people's attitudes toward immigration
    during the late 1800's?

12
Invention
  • Thomas Edison
  • Christopher Sholes
  • Alexander Graham Bell
  • Westward Movement
  • Conflict with Native Americans
  • Impact on the Buffalo
  • Mail Order Catalogs
  • 1862 Homestead Act
  • 1887 Dawes Act

13
Economic Change
  • Economic Change
  • Granger Laws
  • Munn vs. Illinois
  • Interstate Commerce Act (ICC)
  • 1892 Populist Party win electoral votes
  • What was the Populist Platform?
  • Panic of 1893
  • Election of 1896
  • William Jennings Bryan/ Democrat/
  • Cross of Gold Speech

The farmer was being abused by the Railroads
14
Their platform issues are eventually adopted
  • How did the Populist party create a legacy for
    the 20th century?

15
Early Struggle for Civil Rights
  • Grandfather clause
  • Poll tax----Literacy Tests
  • Jim Crow Laws
  • Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
  • NAACP
  • DuBois v. Washington

16
NOW and LATER
  • How did DuBois and Washington differ on their
    approach to equality among the races?

17
Imperialism
  • Imperialism
  • - Alaska Purchased- Sewards Folly
  • - Hawaii Annexed
  • - Alfred T. Mahan Influence of Sea Power Upon
    History 1660-1783

18
We were superior!
  • How did the US justify imperialistic expansion?
    Ex. Hawaii, Guam, PR, Alaska

19
War With Spain
  • WHY?
  • Hearst and Pulitzer
  • Yellow Journalism- "sin, sex, and sensation"
  • Remington
  • Feb. 1898 USS Maine
  • HOW?
  • June 1898 Rough Riders
  • 1898 Treaty of Paris of 1898

20
War with Spain
  • RESULTS
  • Foraker Act (Puerto Rico)
  • Insular Cases (Puerto Rico)
  • Teller Amendment (Cuba)
  • Platt Amendment (Cuba)
  • Philippine-American War
  • Open Door Notes/ John Hay(China)
  • Boxer Rebellion (China)
  • The US GETS
  • Puerto Rico
  • Guam
  • Philippines

21
Theodore Roosevelt Becomes President
  • 1901 McKinley was Assassinated
  • -Wright Brothers Fly
  • Roosevelt Becomes President
  • Bully Pulpit (Presidential Influence)
  • Roosevelt Corollary "speak softly and carry a big
    stick
  • Amends the Monroe Doctrine
  • Panama Canal Construction

22
(No Transcript)
23
Teddy Roosevelt Was a Progressive
  • Square Deal
  • Enforces Trust busting
  • Muckrakers
  • Dime Novels were very popular
  • Upton Sinclair The Jungle
  • Meat Inspection Act
  • Pure Food and Drug Act
  • Muller vs. Oregon 1908
  • Panama Canal Completed

24
1908-1913 William H. Taft is President
  • 1910 Dollar Diplomacy
  • Payne-Aldrich Tariff

25
ELECTION OF 1912
  • Bull Moose Party (Progressives)- Teddy Roosevelt
  • Democrats- Woodrow Wilson
  • Republicans- William H. Taft
  • Socialist- Eugene Debs
  • WILSON WINS!

26
Domestic issues of Wilson
  • 1912 NEW FREEDOM
  • 1912 16th Amendment
  • 1913 17th Amendment
  • 1919 18th Amendment- Volstead Act
  • 1920 19th Amendment
  • Clayton Anti-Trust Act
  • FTC
  • Keating-Owen Act

27
Women's Suffrage Movement
  • 1848 Seneca Falls Convention
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Lucretia Mott
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • NAWSA
  • 1920 19th Amendment Grants Voting Rights
    suffrage

28
  • Why did the Progressive Reforms take place?

29
  • Attention to social problems made society ready
    for change.

30
Woodrow Wilson and WWI
  • Wilsons Missionary Diplomacytroops in Latin
    American nations
  • June 1914 WWI Begins
  • US Remains Neutral WHY???
  • May 1915 Sinking of the Lusitania
  • 1916 Sussex Pledge
  • Feb. 1917 Zimmerman Telegram Intercepted
  • April 6, 1917 US Enters WWI WHY???
  • Selective Service Act
  • Doughboys/ "Over There
  • Trench Warfare/ Poison Gas/ New Weapons

31
Results of the Great War
  • 1917 Wilsons Fourteen Points (League of
    Nations)failure
  • Nov. 11, 1918 Armistice
  • Treaty of Versailles make Germany Pay(War
    Guilt)
  • League of Nations part of treaty to prevent
    future wars
  • The US does not ratify the Treaty
  • Germany in huge debt
  • Many in the US are bitter

32
It is a peace keeping organization.
  • Why can we say that the League of Nations was a
    blueprint for the later created United Nations?

33
Home front during WWI
  •       War Industries Board
  •      Food Administration
  •       Higher Taxes
  •       Liberty Bonds
  •       Food Administration/Victory
    Gardens/"Wheatless," "Meatless"

34
Post War America
  •  Committee on Public Information- propaganda
  • Espionage Act of 1917
  •  Sedition Act 1918
  • 1919 Eugene Debs Arrested
  • 1919 Schenck v. US- clear and present danger
  • Jan. 1920 Red Scare (Palmer Raids)
  • Fear from Bolshevik Revolution

35
Why are 1st Amendment Rights sometimes
conditional?
  • Rights may be limited, especially during war
    time, to protect our country and its citizens.

36
The Roaring 20s
  • -         buying on credit
  • -         superficial prosperity
  • -         Great Migration
  • -         Progressivism Dies on the National
    Level but continues in the states
  • -         Flappers
  • -         Jazz

37
The Roaring 20s
  • -   Movies
  • -   Lucky Lindy
  • -   Mass Culture-Sports
  • -   Prohibition- the rise of organized crime
  • -   Harlem Renaissance- Langston Hughes
  • -   Georgia OKeefe-art
  • -   Frank Lloyd Wright- architecture
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald- literature

38
1920-1923 Warren G. Harding is Elected President
  • Return to Normalcy
  • 1921-1922 Washington Conference- naval
    disarmament
  • 4/ 5/ 9 power treaties- attempts at peace
  • 1923 Teapot Dome Scandal
  • 1923 Harding Dies in Office

ISOLATIONISM!!!!
39
Calvin Coolidge is President
  • Keep it Cool With Coolidge
  • cut taxes, stopped the govt.
  • from interfering with business
  • -     laissez-faire
  • 1924 Immigration Act
  • National Origins Act- quotas on immigrant groups
  • 1925 Scopes Monkey Trial/ Bryan vs. Darrow
  • 1927 Sacco and Vanzetti Executed
  • 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact- outlawed war

40
1929 National Origins Act
41
To avoid any more WAR
  • Why did the US take a position of isolationism at
    the end of WWI?

42
THE GREAT DEPRESSION
  • Herbert Hoover is President
  • October 29, 1929 Black Tuesday
  • Stock Market Crashes/ Banks Collapse
  • WHY?
  • Overproduction/ Underconsumption
  • Buying on margin
  • Speculation
  • Laissez-Faire Government Policy
  • Easy Credit

43
Depression Continues
  • 1930 Reconstruction Finance Corporation- lend
    money to those at the top and it would filter
    downdidnt work
  • Hoover believed in Rugged Individualism
  • laissez-faire government
  • Hawley Smoot Tariff- raised tariffs

44
The end of Hoover
  • Banks collapse
  • Hoovervilles
  • Movies offer an escape from reality
  • The Dust Bowl (Grapes of Wrath)
  • Bonus Army Marches on Washington
  • 20th Amendment- (lame duck)

45
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • New Deal
  • bank holiday/ First 100 Days
  • Fireside Chats
  • 21st Amendment Passed- Volstead Act overturned
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act- paid farmers not to
    grow stuff
  • CCC- put young men to work, PWA, TVA
  • NRA- limited production and pricing
  • FDIC- insured bank deposits
  • SEC- Securities and Exchange Commission

46
Opposition
  • All of these groups opposed Roosevelt's New Deal
    programs in some way
  • Communists
  • Huey Long
  • Francis Townsend
  • Charles Coughlin

47
He tried many different programs to get results.
Why is FDR sometimes thought of as an
experimenter?
48
Second New Deal
  • Rural Electrification Administration
  • National Youth Administration
  • WPA- public works, hired artists, writers etc.
  • Wagner Act- National Labor Relations Board-
    allowed workers to organize
  • Social Security Act
  • Roosevelts Court Packing Attempt

49
Build up To WWII
  • 1936 Rome Berlin Axis
  • 1938 Munich Agreement
  • 1938 Hitler Takes part of Czechoslovakia
  • 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact
  • Sept. 1, 1939 Hitler invades Poland (blitzkrieg)
  • WWII Begins
  • 1940 Selective Service begins draft
  • 1941 Lend Lease Act- Destroyers for Bases
  • 1941 Atlantic Charter

50
US involvement in EUROPE
  • Dec. 7, 1941- Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor
  • US ENTERS THE WAR
  • Battle for the Atlantic
  • Soft Underbelly of Europe
  • Stalingrad- turning point of European Theatre
  • June 6, 1944 - D-Day- Normandy, France
  • Dec. 1944 - Battle of the Bulge
  • May 8, 1945 - VE DAY

51
(No Transcript)
52
US Involvement in PACIFIC
  • Dec. 7, 1941 Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor
  • Island Hopping / Kamikazes / I Shall Return
  • Bataan Death March / Iwo Jima (flag statue)
  • June 1942 - Battle of Midway (Turning
    Point)
  • Aug. 6, 1945 - A-Bomb on Hiroshima
  • Aug. 9, 1945 - A-Bomb on Nagasaki
  • Aug. 14, 1945 - VJ Day

53
Important Peace Conferences
  • Feb. 1945 - Yalta Conference
  • (Big 3) Who are they?
  • July 1945 - Potsdam Conference
  • What is different about Potsdam from Yalta?

54
  • How did Yalta and Potsdam determine the
    guidelines for postwar Europe and Japan?

The leaders at the meetings would divide Germany.
It also set up Cold War issues.
55
The Home front during WWII
  • War Production Board
  • Japanese Internment
  • Executive Order No. 8802-
  • outlawed discrimination in
  • military
  • Rosie the Riveter- "arsenal of Democracy
  • Rationing/ War Bonds/ Victory Gardens

56
Harry Truman is Elected President
  • 1945 FDR Dies/ Harry Truman Becomes President
  • Taft-Hartley Act- prohibited closed shops
  • Loyalty Boards- investigate Communist ties
  • Election of 1948
  • Hollywood Ten
  • Alger Hiss Case
  • McCarthyism- Red Menace/ Witch hunts/
    Blacklists/
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Case

57
 Dwight D. Eisenhower is PresidentPostwar
Effects
  • I like Ike
  • 1950s Postwar
  • GI Bill
  • Levittowns/ Suburbia
  • Baby Boom
  • TV
  • Rock n Roll
  • Conformity
  • Religion
  • Interstate Highway System
  • Dr. Spock
  • Jonas Salk- polio vaccine
  • "White Flight"

58
Suburban Flight Urban Blight
  • How would "white flight" of the 1950's effect the
    cities of the 1960's?

59
Civil Rights Movement Begins
  • Civil Rights Act of 1866- equal protection/ 14th
    Amendment
  • Reconstruction Act of 1867- voting/ 15th
    Amendment
  • Plessy v. Ferguson 1896- separate but equal
  • Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
    1954
  • 1955 Rosa Parks
  • 1956 Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • 1957 Little Rock Nine

60
Civil Rights Movement
  • 1957 Civil Rights Act of 1957- Gave Federal
    Govt. power to get involved
  • 1957 SCLC formed
  • Feb. 1960 Greensboro Sit-In
  • 1960 SNCC formed
  • 1961 Freedom Riders- JFK sends out US Marshals
    as escorts
  • Sept. 1962 James Meredith enters University of
    Mississippi
  • April/May 1963 Birmingham Marches- Childrens
    March/Bull Connor

61
Civil Rights
  • Aug. 28, 1963 March on Washington/ I have a
    Dream Speech by MLK
  • 1964 Civil Rights Act of 1964- Equal Access
    to Public Accommodations
  • 1964 Selma to Montgomery March
  • 1965 Voting Rights Act of 1965- no more threats
    registering to vote
  • 1966 Black Panthers formed by Huey Newton and
    Bobby Seale

62
Civil Rights
  • Feb. 21, 1965 Malcolm X killed
  • April 4, 1968 MLK assassinated
  • June 5, 1968 RFK assassinated
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968- ended discrimination
    in housing/equal housing
  • 1970s Affirmative Action Begins

63
Early Cold War Issues
  • "Iron Curtain"
  • Truman Doctrine- Containment
  • Marshall Plan- to postwar Europe
  • National Security Act- created the Dept. of
    Defense and the CIA
  • Berlin Airlift
  • NATO- 1st non-war military alliance

64
Isolationism is dead
  • How did the US change its post WWI foreign policy
    after WWII?

65
1950-1953 Korean War
  • fight to save South Korea from Communists
  • MacArthur had driven N. Koreans way back
  • China joins in to help N. Korea
  • Truman desegregates the military
  • 38th Parallel stalemate
  • MacArthur fired for wanting to invade
  • China

66
Cold War Under Eisenhower
  • 1954 Domino Theory
  • 1954 Brinkmanship
  • 1955 Warsaw Pact- Soviets Response to NATO
  • 1957 Sputnik
  • 1957 Eisenhower Doctrine- help the middle east
  • 1958 NASA
  • 1959 Castro takes over Cuba
  • 1960 U-2 Incident
  • Military Industrial Complex Speech

67
38th Parallel
  • Where did the fighting begin and end in Korea?

68
John F. Kennedy Elected President
  • Sept. 1960 Televised Debates between Kennedy and
    Nixon
  • New Frontier (eliminate poverty, ignorance,
    begin a Space Race)
  •       Peace Corps
  •       Alliance for Progress
  •       NASA/ Space Race/ Race to the Moon
  • Camelot

69
Major Events Under Kennedy
  • Oct. 22, 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis
  • April, 1961 Bay of Pigs Incident
  • Aug, 1961 Berlin Wall Built
  • 1963 Hotline/ Limited Test Ban Treaty
  • Nov. 22, 1963 John F. Kennedy Assassinated
  • 1963 Warren Commission

70
Young adults are making a major impact on society
  • What is meant by the phrase, "the torch has
    passed to a New Generation"?

71
Lyndon B. Johnson is Elected President
  • Great Society "War on Poverty"
  • Education
  • Head Start
  • Medicare/Medicaid
  • OEO
  • VISTA
  • HUD
  • Immigration Act of 1965
  • Air and Water Quality / Rachel Carson

72
The Warren Courtrights of the accused
  • Reynolds v. Sims 1964- "one person, one vote"
    districts
  • Mapp v. Ohio 1961- evidence seized illegally
    could not be used in court
  • Gideon v. Wainwright 1963- a defendant cannot
    afford a lawyer, one will be appointed
  • Miranda v. Arizona 1966- all suspects must be
    read their rights

73
1964-1975 Vietnam
  • Aug. 1964- Tonkin Gulf Resolution
  • Gen. Westmoreland
  • Napalm/Agent Orange
  • Search and Destroy
  • POWs
  • blue collar war
  • Sinking Morale
  • living room war
  • Credibility gap Grows
  • 1964 - SDS gains prominence at UC Berkeley

74
Doves vs. Hawks
  • draft dodgers
  • deferments
  • conscientious objectors
  • protest/ riots
  • Counter Culture/ Hippies/ Woodstock
  • 1968
  • 1968 Tet Offensive- turning point in the war
  • 1968 Democratic National Convention-
    riots/protests

75
1968-1974 Nixon and Vietnam
  • 1969 Vietnamization/ Peace With Honor
  • Nov. 1969 My Lai Massacre
  • April, 1970 Nixon invades Cambodia
  • May, 1970 Kent State/Jackson State
  • June, 1971 Pentagon Papers
  • Oct. 1972 Kissinger announced Peace is at
    Hand
  • Jan. 1973 Agreement on Ending the War and
    Restoring Peace in Vietnam
  • Nov. 1973 War Powers Act
  • March 1975 Saigon Falls to N. Vietnam

76
Domestic Issues of Nixon
  • New Federalism
  • reduction of government
  • CIA / enemy lists/ IRS
  • Southern Strategy
  • Stagflation
  • OPEC oil embargo
  • Energy Crisis
  • 1971 Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of
    Education 1971- busing is legal to integrate
    schools- forced busing
  • Title XI- Equal funding for mens and womens
    sports

77
Détente and Watergate
  • Feb. 1972 Nixon visits China
  • May 1972 Nixon visits Soviet Union
  • -         realpolitik
  • -         détente
  • 1972 Watergate Break-ins
  • 1973 Saturday Night Massacre
  • 1974 Nixon V. US- give up the tapes
  • Aug. 9, 1974 Nixon Resigns

78
Gerald Ford becomes President
  • Ford pardons Nixon
  • WIN whip inflation now
  • Helsinki Accords- cooperation among all European
    nations
  • War Powers Act
  • 1776-1976 Bicentennial Celebration

79
He was not elected.
  • What is the most unique characteristic of Ford's
    Presidency?

80
Jimmy Carter is Elected President
  • - an OUTSIDER
  • -        soft spoken
  • -         fireside chats
  • -         BIG on human rights
  • Panama Canal Treaty
  • 1977 National Energy Act
  • Regents of the University of UC vs. Bakke 1978-
    affirmative action is not appropriate for
    admissions standards
  • 1978 Camp David Accords
  • 1979 Iran Hostage Crisis Begins
  • March 28, 1979 Three Mile Island
  • Soviets Invade Afghanistan- wheat embargo
  • US boycotts Moscow Olympics in 1980

Economy Gets Worse
81
Ronald Reagan is Elected President
  • new right
  • cut taxes Reaganomics
  • hiring freeze      
  • reduce the "bigness" of government
  •        cut entitlement programs
  •         built up the military/ SDI/ Star Wars
  •     Debt Grows
  •         Conservative Judges

82
Reagan
  •        Deregulation
  •        AIDS
  • Just Say No
  • Iran Contra Affair
  • INF Treaty

83
The USSR and the evil of Communism
  • What did Reagan mean by the "Evil Empire"?

84
George Bush is Elected President
  • Berlin Wall Falls- Germany reunited
  • Tiananmen Square put down in China
  • Soviet Union Falls
  • Operation Desert Storm
  • recession

85
Bill Clinton is Elected President
  • NAFTA
  • Brady Bill
  • Gridlock/ Contract with America
  • Proposes National Health Care System
  • Participates in Bosnia and Haiti
  • WTO- World Trade Organization
  • Sex Scandal/ Clinton Impeached
  • Air Strikes in Serbia

86
George W. Bush is Elected President
  • 2000 Election of 2000- Bush v. Gore Supreme
    Court decides election
  • Sept. 11, 2001 Terrorist Attacks
  • Attacks against the Taliban
  • Axis of Evil Address
  • War in Iraq- Weapons of Mass DestructionNone
  • Saddam Hussein removed from power / Hanged!
  • CAFTA- Central American Free Trade Agreement
  • "No Child Left Behind
  • 2004 Elections GW Bush wins re-election
  • War Continues
  • 2008 Economic Crisis/ Bank Bailouts

87
2008 Barack Obama is Elected President
  • - First minority President
  • Affordable Care Act
  • Re-elected in 2012

88
(No Transcript)
89
(No Transcript)
90
(No Transcript)
91
(No Transcript)
92
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com