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The Athletic Trainer and the Sports Medicine Team

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Localuser Last modified by: raynaj.moorer Created Date: 6/14/2010 9:08:29 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Athletic Trainer and the Sports Medicine Team


1
The Athletic Trainer and the Sports Medicine Team
  • Introduction

2
Sports Medicine
  • Athletic Training
  • Biomechanics
  • Exercise Physiology
  • Medical Practice
  • Physical Therapy
  • Sport Nutrition
  • Sport Psychology
  • Massage Therapy

3
Sports Medicine Team
  • Team Physicianabsolute authority in determining
    participation status
  • Athletic Trainer
  • Coach
  • Athlete

4
Professions Associated With Sports Medicine
  • Family Doctor
  • Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist
    (CSCS)
  • Chiropractor
  • Massage Therapist
  • Physicians Assistant

5
Associated Professions (contd)
  • Physical Therapist
  • Physical Therapist Assistant
  • Sports Nutritionist
  • Sports Psychologist
  • National Strength and Conditioning Association
    Certified Personal Trainer (NCSA-CPT)

6
Athletic Training the ATC
  • The rendering of specialized care (prevention,
    recognition, evaluation and care of injuries) to
    individuals involved in exercise and athletics.
  • Certified Athletic Trainer highly educated and
    skilled professional who specializes in the
    prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of
    injuries

7
Title IX
  • Federal legislation in effect since 1972
  • Prohibits discrimination in school athletic
    participation on the basis of sex
  • Tremendous increase in female athletic
    participation, creating an even greater need for
    qualified certified athletic trainers

8
History and Development of Athletic Training
  • Galan, gladiators in ancient Rome
  • Renaissance, human body actively studied
  • Leonardo da Vinci, great contributor during
    Renaissance
  • 19th century firm establishment of
    intercollegiate interscholastic sports
  • The Trainers Bible
  • 1917, Dr. S.E. Bilik
  • First major text on athletic training
  • and the care of athletic injuries

9
History and Development of Athletic Training
  • Cramer Family (1920s)
  • Gardner, Kansas
  • Started a chemical company and began producing a
    liniment to treat ankle sprains
  • Publication of First Aider in 1932
  • Family instrumental in early development of the
    athletic training profession
  • Continue to play prominent role in education of
    student athletic trainers

10
History and Development of Athletic Training
  • 1950 NATA formed, establishing professional
    standards for the athletic trainer
  • 1991 American Medical Association (AMA)
    recognized athletic training as allied health
    profession

11
Athletic Trainer
  • Preventing injuries from occurring
  • Providing initial first aid and injury management
  • Analyzing and evaluating injuries
  • Taping and bandaging
  • Implementing exercise and
    rehabilitation programs for
    athletes
  • Using various modalities and
    training equipment
  • Recording, organizing, and
    storing information on injuries
    and rehabilitation

12
Requirements for Certification
  • Must graduate from an undergraduate or graduate
    program accredited by the Commission on
    Accreditation of Athletic Training Education
    (CAATE)
  • Pass certification examination
  • Maintain certification with continuing education

13
Core Curriculum
  • Human anatomy
  • Human physiology
  • Psychology
  • Kinesiology
  • Biomechanics
  • Exercise physiology
  • Personal community health
  • Nutrition
  • Prevention of athletic injuries/illness
  • Evaluation of athletic injuries/illness
  • Therapeutic modalities
  • Therapeutic exercise
  • Administration of athletic training programs

14
Core Curriculum cont.
  • First aid and emergency care
  • General medical conditions and disabilities
  • Health care administration
  • Medical ethics and legal issues
  • Pathology of injury/illness
  • Pharmacology
  • Professional development and responsibilities
  • Psychosocial intervention and referral
  • Risk management and injury/illness prevention
  • Strength training and reconditioning
  • Statistics and research design
  • Weigh management and body composition

15
Purpose of Certification
  • To establish standards for entry into the
    profession of athletic training
  • Standards set by the National Athletic Trainers
    Association Board of Certification (NATABOC)
    www.nataboc.org

16
Certification Examination
  • Fulfill requirements
  • Tested in 6 domains
  • Prevention of athletic injuries
  • Recognition, evaluation assessment of injuries
  • Immediate care of injuries
  • Treatment, rehabilitation, reconditioning of
    athletic injuries
  • Health care administration
  • Professional development responsibility

17
Roles and Responsibilities of the Athletic Trainer
  1. Preventative
  2. Recognition, Evaluation, and Immediate Care
  3. Rehabilitation Course of Action
  4. Administration
  5. Professional Development
  6. Personal Skills

18
1. Preventative
  • Pre-Participation Screening (PPE)
  • Conditioning
  • Total body
  • Sport or injury specific
  • Monitoring Environmental Conditions
  • Field conditions
  • Weather
  • Properly Fitted Equipment
  • Educate
  • Parents, coaches, athletes

19
2. Recognition, Evaluation, and Immediate Care
  • Emergency
  • Acute
  • Course of Action

20
3. Rehabilitation Course of Action
  • Short Term
  • Long Term
  • Return to Play

21
4. Administration
  • Documentation
  • Daily records
  • Treatment logs
  • Insurance
  • Family history
  • Medications
  • Surgeries
  • Written Guidelines
  • Policy and Procedures
  • Daily operations
  • Rules/regulations
  • EAP
  • Scheduling

22
5. Professional Development
  • Membership in Different Professional
    Organizations
  • Stay current
  • CEU
  • Be active in organizations

23
6. Personal Skills
  • 1. Know the Athlete
  • Medical History past/current
  • Injuries, allergies, meds, contact lens, dental
    appliances
  • Personality
  • Low tolerance vs. high tolerance
  • 2. Know the Sport
  • Fundamentals
  • Demands of sport
  • Same injury
  • In one sport not cleared,
  • in another
  • can play

24
Personal Skills cont.
  • 3. Remain Calm
  • Self calm
  • Calm the athlete
  • Very difficult to assess if the athlete is
    scared, excited, and anxious
  • 4. Alert
  • Observe all athletes
  • Limping, down, acting unusual
  • 5. Good Judgment
  • Common sense

25
Personal Skills cont.
  • 6. Experience
  • Confidence
  • Assessment skills
  • 7. Patience (with)
  • Evaluation
  • Athlete
  • Self

26
Personal Skills cont.
  • 8. Referral
  • Record all information
  • Send to physician
  • Doubts, concerns
  • Clearance

27
What personal qualities make a good Athletic
Trainer?
  • Empathy
  • Flexibility
  • Ability to adapt
  • Stamina
  • Ability to communicate
  • Personability with athletes
  • Listener (counselor)
  • Common sense
  • Good judgment
  • Intellectual curiosity
  • Education
  • Experience
  • Confidence
  • Patience

28
Required Skills
  • Problem solving ability
  • Deductive reasoning skills
  • Good judgment
  • Good decision making skills
  • Proficient knowledge of anatomy, physiology,
    biology, and advanced first aid
  • Motor skills
  • Communication skills
  • Ability to work well with people
  • Ability to work well under stressful conditions
  • Ability to maintain poise in emergencies

29
Role of the Athlete
  • Conditioning and Fitness
  • Proper Nutrition
  • Know Risk of Sport
  • Report Injuries
  • Active Role in Rehab
  • Athletes Bill of Rights

30
Support Personnel
  • Nurse
  • School health services
  • Orthopedist
  • General Practioner/Family Doctor
  • Neurologist
  • Internist
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Pediatrician
  • Psychiatrist
  • Nutritionist
  • Chiropractor
  • Dentist
  • Podiatrist
  • Physicians Assistant (PA)
  • Physical Therapist (PT)
  • Strength Conditioning specialist
  • Biomechanist
  • Exercise Physiologist
  • Sports Psychologist
  • Massage Therapist
  • Social Worker

31
Associations
  • NATA
  • National Athletic Trainers Association
  • NATABOC
  • National Athletic Trainers Association Board
    of Certification
  • ACSM
  • American College of Sports Medicine
  • CAATE
  • Commission on the Accreditation of Athletic
    Training Education
  • AOSSM
  • American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine
  • NSCA
  • National Strength and Conditioning Association

32
National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA)
  • Founded in 1950 (100-200 members)
  • Headquarters in Dallas, TX
  • 26,000 members presently
  • Quarterly journal The Journal of Athletic
    Training
  • Annual convention
  • www.nata.org

33
Terminology
  • Sports Medicine
  • Certification
  • Registration
  • Licensure

34
Employment Settings
  • Secondary Schools
  • School District
  • College/University
  • Professional Teams
  • Sports Medicine Clinic
  • Industrial Setting
  • Hospital/Outreach
  • Non-traditional

35
Secondary Schools
  • Usually faculty-athletic trainer position
  • Compensation based on
  • Released time from teaching
  • Stipend as coach
  • Provide limited coverage

36
School Districts
  • Centrally placed ATC
  • May be full- or part-time
  • Non-teacher who serves several schools
  • Advantage savings
  • Disadvantage lack or inadequate coverage/service

37
Colleges/Universities
  • Small Institutions
  • Part-time teacher, part-time athletic trainer
  • Multiple sports
  • Also provide coverage to intramurals club
    programs
  • Long hours
  • Limited resources
  • Major Institutions
  • Full-time athletic trainers
  • Works only for dept of athletics
  • One sport
  • Long hours!
  • Abundance of resources, personnel

38
Sports Medicine Clinics
  • More ATCs employed in this setting than in any
    other
  • Varies from clinic to clinic
  • Most ATCs treat patients with sports-related
    injuries in am contract out to high schools in
    pm
  • Salaries are typically slightly higher than in
    more traditional settings
  • May be responsible for marketing of sports
    medicine program

39
Professional Teams
  • Perform specific team athletic training duties
    for 6 months per year
  • Works with only one team or organization
  • Under contract, similar to players

40
Industrial/Military
  • Becoming common for ATC to work in a prevention
    role
  • Oversee fitness and injury rehabilitation
    programs for employees
  • Must understand concepts behind ergonomics
  • May be assigned to conduct wellness programs
    provide education and individual counseling
  • Also employed by federal law enforcement agencies
    (i.e.. FBI, CIA, DEA)

41
Non-Traditional
  • X-Games
  • Dance company

42
Working Relationship
  1. Administrators
  2. Athletic Personnel
  3. Parents
  4. Allied Health Professionals
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