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Managing Stress and Coping with Loss

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Chapter 4 Managing Stress and Coping with Loss – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Managing Stress and Coping with Loss


1
Chapter 4
  • Managing Stress and Coping with Loss

2
Lesson 1
  • Understanding Stress

3
What is Stress?
  • Stress is natural
  • Reaction of the body and mind to everyday
    challenges and demands
  • How stress affects you depends on how you
    perceive the situation
  • Perception
  • The act of becoming aware through the senses
  • You will react to stress based on experience or a
    lack of experience
  • Stress can be positive and negative

4
Causes of Stress
  • Stressor
  • Anything that causes stress
  • Real or imagined, anticipated or unexpected
  • Stressors for Teens
  • Life situations
  • Environmental
  • Biological
  • Cognitive (thinking)
  • Personal Behavior

5
Your Bodys Response to Stressors
  • Three Stage Response (automatic)
  • Alarm
  • Mind and body go on alert
  • fight-or-flight response
  • Prepares your body to either defend itself or to
    flee from a threat
  • 2. Resistance
  • Your body begins to adapt
  • 3. Fatigue
  • Exposed to stress too long your body loses
    ability to adapt

6
Psychosomatic Response
  • A physical reaction that results from stress
    rather than from an injury or illness
  • Some include
  • Headache
  • A weakened immune system
  • High blood pressure
  • Bruxism, clenching the jaw or grinding the teeth
  • Digestive disorders
  • Mental/Emotional and Social effects include
    difficulty concentrating, irritability, and mood
    swings

7
Lesson 2
  • Managing Stress

8
When Stress Becomes a Problem
  • The effects of stress are additivethey build up
    over time
  • Chronic Stress
  • Stress associated with long-term problems that
    are beyond a persons control
  • To help manage stress you should learn strategies
    that help deal with your stress before they build
    up

9
Stress Management Techniques
  • Handling Stress and Reducing Its Effects
  • Practice relaxation techniques
  • Relaxation Response
  • A state of calm
  • Deep breathing, stretching, progressive muscle
    relaxation
  • Redirect your energy
  • Seek support
  • Avoiding and Limiting Stress
  • Use refusal skills
  • Plan ahead
  • Think positively
  • Avoid tobacco and other drugs

10
Staying Healthy and Building Resiliency
  • Get Adequate Rest
  • Get Regular Physical Activity
  • Eat Nutritious Foods

11
Lesson 3
  • Coping with Loss and Grief

12
Acknowledging Loss
  • One way to help begin the healing process
  • Grieving is a common and natural reaction to any
    loss that brings on strong emotions
  • Acknowledging and understanding your grief will
    help you begin the healing process

13
Expressing Grief
  • Stages of Grief
  • A variety of reactions that may surface as an
    individual makes sense of how a loss affects him
    or her
  • Denial or Numbness
  • Emotional Release
  • Anger
  • Bargaining
  • Depression
  • Remorse
  • Acceptance
  • Hope
  • Closure
  • Acceptance of a loss
  • Coping
  • Dealing successfully with difficult changes in
    your life

14
Coping with Death
  • Receive and show support
  • Death is one of the most painful losses we can
    experience
  • Mourning
  • The act of showing sorrow or grief
  • Talking about the person, experiencing the pain
    of the loss, and searching for meaning
  • Showing Empathy
  • Help recall the happy, positive memories
  • Be a sympathetic listener
  • Use silence
  • Dont rush the grieving process
  • Community Support
  • Memorial services, wakes, and funerals

15
Coping with Traumatic Events
  • Traumatic Event
  • Any event that has a stressful impact sufficient
    to overwhelm your normal coping strategies
  • Sudden and shocking
  • Accidents, violence assaults, suicides, natural
    disasters
  • Sense of security may be in question, seek
    support from friends and family and try to resume
    normal activities
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