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Title: Fall Semester Quiz


1
Fall Semester Quiz
  • World History
  • 2012

2
What was a common effect of the Magna Carta, the
English Civil War, and the English Bill of
Rights?
  • limits on the powers of English monarchs
  • laws protecting the rights of Catholics
  • the creation of Englands colonial empire
  • limits to the abuses of Parliament

3
Philosophers of the Enlightenment believed that
society could best be improved by--
  • relying on faith and divine right
  • borrowing ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome
  • applying reason and the laws of nature
  • following royal commands

4
One reason Spanish conquistadores were able to
conquer the Aztecs was that--
  • Aztec religious beliefs promoted nonviolence
  • Spain joined the Incas in their fight against the
    Aztecs
  • The Spanish cavalry outnumbered the Aztec
    warriors
  • Spanish soldiers possessed superior military
    technology

5
Niccolo Machiavelli would most likely support the
Enlightenment views of--
  • Thomas Hobbes
  • John Locke
  • Adam Smith
  • Voltaire

6
What was an important effect of the Hundred
Years War?
  • England established permanent control over much
    of France
  • The Black Death spread from France to England
  • England and France failed to benefit from
    Renaissance culture
  • A greater reliance on new weapons reduced the
    importance of knights

7
Which innovation had the greatest impact on the
Protestant Reformation?
  1. the printing press
  2. the introduction of porcelain
  3. use of a magnetic compass
  4. construction of a triangular sail

8
One major characteristic of the Renaissance was
that the--
  • manor became the main center of economic activity
  • Catholic Church lost all of its influence in
    Europe
  • classical cultures of Greece and Rome were
    studied and imitated
  • major language of the common people was Latin

9
In the passage in your textbook on pages 357-359,
Boccaccio, was most likely describing the--
  • power of special courts during the Inquisition
  • effects of the barbarian invasions after the fall
    of Rome
  • treatment of native peoples in Latin American
    nations
  • breakdown of social order during the bubonic
    plague

10
Which of the following best expresses the
feelings of the rulers of the Ming Dynasty in
China?
  • the desire to explore to the New World after the
    voyages of Europeans
  • to expand their borders to the north, so that
    they could conquer the Mongolian steppes
  • the belief that there system was already in
    perfect balance and that new ideas and changes
    would be harmful
  • that a classless society would stimulate their
    economic growth and territorial expansion

11
Which achievements are associated with the Tang
and Song Dynasties of China?
  • wheel and stirrup
  • windmill and calendar
  • gunpowder and the magnetic compass
  • aqueduct and the domed roof

12
A major goal of the Catholic Church during the
Crusades (1096-1291) was to--
  • unite the Arab peoples
  • establish Christianity in Western Europe
  • capture the Holy Land from Islamic rulers
  • strengthen the power of European rulers

13
Which institution served as the main unifying
force of medieval Western Europe?
  • legislature
  • monarchy
  • church
  • military

14
One way in which the African kingdoms of Ghana,
Mali and Songhai were similar was that they--
  • benefitted from the gold-salt trade
  • directly controlled gold mines
  • adopted Islam as the religion of their subjects
  • improved their military strength through the use
    of gunpowder

15
St. Thomas Aquinas believed that citizens have
the right to remove rulers who continually enact
unjust laws. Which Enlightenment Thinker would
have agreed in principle with him?
  • Thomas Hobbes
  • John Locke
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau

16
In the Byzantine Empire, one important feature of
life was the development of--
  • Eastern Orthodox Christianity
  • social and political equality
  • Islam
  • civil service examinations

17
Which is the most valid generalization about the
impact of the Crusades?
  • They strengthened the power of the serfs in
    Europe.
  • They increased trade between Europe and Asia.
  • They brought European influence to Africa.
  • They promoted the idea of religious freedom.

18
What was the primary characteristic of feudal
society in medieval Europe?
  • a representative government
  • economic equality for all
  • protection of individual rights
  • an exchange of land for services

19
Two immediate results of the fall of the Roman
Empire were--
  • renewed interests in education and the arts
  • a period of economic disorder and weak central
    government
  • the growth of cities and the emergence by the
    middle class
  • an increase in trade and improvements in
    manufacturing

20
One effect of rugged, mountainous geography on
the civilization of ancient Greece was the
development of--
  • absolute monarchies
  • extensive trade
  • separate, independent city-states
  • belief in one God

21
The Neolithic Revolution occurred when people
discovered how to--
  • grow food and domesticate animals
  • trade with others in the same river valley
  • fight wars with metal weapons
  • make stone temples for religious ceremonies

22
Which is a major characteristic of Judaism?
  • belief in a single just and all-powerful God
  • praying five times a day
  • following the Eightfold Path
  • worshipping many gods

23
The Code of Hammurabi was a major contribution to
the development of civilization because it--
  • treated citizens and slaves equally
  • ended all physical punishment
  • established written laws
  • rejected the principle of filial piety

24
Of the four major early river valley
civilizations, which was ruled by a theocracy?
  • Sumeria
  • China
  • Egypt
  • Indus Valley

25
One way in which Confucian teachings, the Ten
Commandments, and the Eightfold Path in Buddhism
were all similar was that they--
  • promoted polytheism
  • established equality between men and women
  • provided for moral codes of behavior
  • affirmed belief in one God

26
A study of the Aztec, Maya, and Inca agricultural
systems would show that these civilizations--
  1. relied on mechanized agricultural techniques
  2. carried on extensive trade in crops with one
    another
  3. relied on a single-crop economy
  4. adapted to their environments with creative
    farming techniques

27
Match up the following ancient civilizations with
the following clues-- a. Sumeria b. China c.
India d.Egypt
  • India
  • China
  • Egypt
  • Sumeria
  • ____ advanced cities with intricate plumbing
    systems
  • ____ weapons using bronze and the creation of
    silk textiles
  • ____ advances in medicine, geometry, astronomy,
    building and hieroglyphics
  • ____ advances such as cuneiform, the calendar,
    plus, the wheel, sail and plow

28
T or F-- Mesopotamian rulers were often priests,
which would make their system of government
possibly the worlds first theocracy. _______
  • True

29
T or F-- Egypt was ruled by kings that were
called pharaohs. Rule by a king or queen is a
system of government that is referred to as a
monarchy. _______ Cyrus the Great was also a
king, but he ruled the great empire of ________.
  • F
  • Persia

30
The religions of ancient civilizations were often
_________ in nature, or in other words, a system
in which the citizens worshipped many gods.
  • Polytheistic

31
The ancient civilizations also developed ________
________ which gave a person his or even her
place in their society.
  • Social Classes

32
Place an A for Athens or S for Sparta
  • ____ Individualism and new ideas were
    discouraged.
  • ____ It featured a governing body known as the
    Citizens Assembly.
  • ____ Despite featuring a direct democratic form
    of government, few of its people were actually
    citizens.
  • ____ This city-state forced helots to farm for
    them.
  • ____ Strict discipline and obedience were highly
    valued.
  • S
  • A
  • A
  • S
  • S

33
This code of law would be issued to protect the
plebeians and was even put into public places
for everyone to see. It covered civil, criminal,
and religious issues, but all citizens according
to it were protected equally under the law. What
code of law is being referred to above? ___
_________ __________
  • Twelve Tables

34
The Roman system of justice is considered to be a
milestone because it--
  • greatly limited the powers of the emperor
  • served as a model for many later European legal
    systems
  • provided the first democratic constitution
  • united Greco-Roman and Chinese ideas of justice

35
Even though it would fall to to the Turks in
1453, the _______ _______ had preserved the
classical learning of the Greeks, Romans, and
Egyptians, was renowned for its architectural
marvel-- the Hagia Sofia, introduced a new form
of Christianity, the Eastern Orthodox Church and
featured a highly influential law code created by
the Emperor Justinian.
  • Byzantine Empire

36
Introduced by the Emperor Augustus, the period of
peace during Roman rule would be known as the
____ ________ which worked because of its
centralized authority, trained officials, system
of law and military would allow them to control
such a vast amount of territory.
  • Pax Romana

37
The ________ religion would become popular
because it rejected the caste system and would
spread throughout Southeast Asia and even into
Korea and Japan after it would co-exist with
Confucianism in China.
  • Buddhist

38
Which belief is shared by both Hindus and
Buddhists?
  • Everyone should have the same social status.
  • People should pray five times a day.
  • The soul is reborn after death.
  • Material wealth is a sign of blessing from the
    gods.

39
Which is an important duty for the followers of
Islam?
  • to give up all selfish desires
  • fast in the daytime during the month of Ramadan
  • give up all wealth
  • refuse to eat beef

40
One similarity between the Gupta Empire and the
caliphates of the Islamic Golden Age is that they
both--
  • made advances in mathematics and science
  • gained wealth by obtaining gold from Africa
  • stressed the importance of multiple gods
  • controlled territories around the Mediterranean

41
T or F-- Shiite Muslims believe that only
Mohammeds descendants could be caliphs, or
leaders.
  • True

42
Match the following clues together to discover
the correct answersa.Umayyad b. Fatimid c.
Abbasid d. Hijrah e. Sufi
  • Muhammeds move from Mecca to Medina
  • ____ Member of a Muslim dynasty that traced its
    ancestry to Muhammeds daughter
  • ____ Dynasty which ruled much of the Muslim
    Empire from AD 750 to 1258
  • ____ Dynasty that ruled the Muslim Empire from AD
    661-750
  • D
  • B
  • C
  • A

43
Use the names or terms below to answer the
following itemsa.Suleiman b.Timur c.Osman d.gh
azi e.Mehmet
  • The Ottoman Empire began when a successful
    __1____ built a small state in Anatolia. This
    warriors name was ____2____. The rise of the
    Ottoman Empire was interrupted by a warrior named
    ___3_____ who conquered Persia and Russia. When
    __4______ conquered Constantinople in 1453, he
    opened the city to many new citizens of different
    cultures and backgrounds. The peak achievements
    of the Ottoman Empire would occur under _5______
    who brought a highly structured social
    organization and many cultural achievements would
    also happen during his rule.
  • 1-ghazi
  • 2-Osman
  • 3-Timur
  • 4-Mehmet
  • 5-Suleiman

44
Use the names or terms below to answer the
following items-- a.Babur b. Ismail c.
Isfahan d. Akbar e. Aurangzeb
  • Safavid leader who seized most of what is now
    Iran.
  • _____ The capital city of the Safavid Empire
    under Shah Abbas.
  • _____ Mughal emperor who drained the empire of
    its resources while the power of local lords
    grew.
  • _____ founder of the Mughal Empire.
  • _____ Muslim Mughal leader who defended religious
    freedom and blended many cultures.
  • B
  • C
  • E
  • A
  • D

45
Match up the following areas with the example of
architecture that comes from each--a. Greece
b. Rome c. Medieval Europe d. Renaissance
  • ______ the Gothic-styled, Cathedral of Notre Dame
    de Paris
  • ______ the domed Pantheon and Colosseum
  • ______ the Parthenon and the Colossus of Rhodes
  • ______ the Duomo of Florence- Santa Maria del
    Fiore and St. Peters Bascilica
  • C
  • B
  • A
  • D

46
Match up the following names with the
contribution that came from each person-
  • a. Leonardo da Vinci ___ develops the theory of
    gravity.
  • b. Sir Isaac Newton ___ famous artist of the
    Renaissance
  • c. Nicholas Copernicus ___ creates the theories
    of capitalism
  • d. Galileo Galilei ___ uses the telescope for
    many discoveries
  • e. Robert Boyle ___ makes great breakthroughs
    in chemistry
  • f. Adam Smith ___ believed society was wicked
    and corrupt
  • Thomas Hobbes ___ develops the Sun-centered
    solar system model
  • a. Leonardo da Vinci __b_ develops the theory of
    gravity.
  • b. Sir Isaac Newton _a__ famous artist of the
    Renaissance
  • c. Nicholas Copernicus __f_ creates the theories
    of capitalism
  • d. Galileo Galilei __d_ uses the telescope for
    many discoveries
  • e. Robert Boyle _e__ makes great breakthroughs
    in chemistry
  • f. Adam Smith __g believed society was wicked
    and corrupt
  • Thomas Hobbes ___c develops the Sun-centered
    solar system model

47
Using a map of the Mongol Empire, which you can
locate in your textbook- the Mongols control by
1280--
  • areas in Africa, Asia, and Europe
  • both Japan and Korea
  • most of the route a trader such as Marco Polo
    might have taken to reach China
  • all of the Asian continent

48
The leadership of Ghengis Khan, the use of the
stirrup, and excellent horsemanship skills all
contributed directly to the--
  • collapse of the Silk Road trade network
  • defeat of the Ottoman Empire
  • division in the Islamic religion
  • rise of the Mongol Empire

49
In the 1500s, Martin Luthers 95 Theses, Henry
VIIIs Act of Supremacy and John Calvins
Institutes of the Christian Religion contributed
to--
  • a decline in the power of the Catholic Church
  • an increased sense of nationalism in Tudor
    England
  • the growing power of the feudal nobility in
    Europe
  • a major conflict with the Eastern Orthodox Church

50
Perhaps ____1__ __ _____ of France was the
ultimate absolute monarch. The ______2___
_________ featured new business and trade
practices in Europe during the 16th and 17th
centuries. _3__________ was the economic policy
of increasing both wealth and power by obtaining
large amounts of gold and silver and selling more
goods that are bought. A _4_____-______
___________ was one in which pooled their wealth
for a common purpose- usually to invest in
colonies or settlements in the New World during
the Era of Exploration and Discovery. ______5____
was a new economic system developed during this
period which was based on the private ownership
of property and the right of a business to earn a
profit on the money that it has invested.
  • 1-Louis XIV
  • 2-commercial Revolution
  • 3- Mercantilism
  • 4- Joint Stock company
  • 5- Capitalism

51
In 1517, Martin Luther was dissatisfied with the
Catholic Church because he--
  • thought the Church lacked structure
  • disagreed with the sale of indulgences
  • blamed the Church for not curing victims of the
    plague
  • believed that kings should have more power to
    appoint bishops

52
Good Luck!
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