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Napoleon as First Consul

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Napoleon as First Consul – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 5 September 2018
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Title: Napoleon as First Consul


1
Napoleon as First Consul
2
I. Napoleon as First Consul
  • Est. stability in France
  • Closed the Revolution
  • a) Third Estate
  • b) peasants
  • c) fostered loyalty by
  • Made peace w/Europe
  • Concordat w/ Pope
  • Napoleonic Code

3
II. Napoleon as Emperor
  • Crowned emperor in 1804
  • Continental System (1804-1814)
  • Third Coalition (BRA) Battle of Trafalgar
  • a) what happened to Prussia?
  • b) Britain (under Horatio Nelson) defeats
    Napoleons forces off the ________ coast.
  • c) This was THE most decisive battle for
    British in war.
  • d) guaranteed British sea supremacy for
    remainder of the war.
  • 4. Louisiana Purchase (1803)

4
III. Victories in C. Europe
  • Austerlitz (Dec 2, 1805) (KEY)
  • a) Nap defeated Austrian Russian forces
  • b) Nap recognized as King of Italy
  • c) Nap recognized as a military genius who
  • is unstoppable
  • Confederation of the Rhine (July 1806)
  • a) Confed includes most W. HRE princes
  • b) Francis II of Austria forced to dissolve the
  • HRE (Francis II of HRE is now known as
  • Francis I of Austria)
  • c) This forces Prussia to enter war

5
  • Battles of Jen and Auerstadt (Oct 1806)
  • a) defeats
  • b) Berlin decrees
  • Battle of Friedland (June 1807)
  • a) Nap defeats Russians and occupies
  • b) Nap is now master of ALL _________

6
IV. Fall of Napoleon
  • Aura of invincibility This belief leads him to
    make 3 disastrous mistakes.
  • Continental System
  • Guerilla Warfare in Spain
  • a) Nap puts his bro on throne (ousts a Bourbon)
  • b) Spanish guerillas kill 300,000 French
    soldiers
  • c) this Peninsular War drains Fr. strength from
    elsewhere
  • Invasion of Russia
  • a) cold, disease, Russian attacks Naps
    retreat
  • b) scorched earth policy
  • c) only 100,000 (out of 600,000) make it back
    to France
  • d) HUGE defeat

7
  • Last coalition (BARP)
  • Battle of Leipzig Nap is defeated
  • a) w/ 600,000 soldiers involvedit was the
    largest battle in Europe prior to WWI
  • Nap abdicates throneis exiled to Elbe
  • Returns for 100 Days
  • Final defeat at Waterloo

8
V. Congress of Vienna
  • Metternichs goals
  • a) restore Old Regime
  • b) weaken France
  • c) did not harshly punish France
  • d) balance of power created that lasted
  • until 1871 when Germany unified
  • 2. Problem? The Forces of liberalism and
    nationalism had been unleashed by the Fr. Rev.
    and would not go away.

9
VI. Romanticism
  • The Movement
  • a) inspired a desire for freedom of
  • thought, feeling and action.
  • Key Characteristics
  • a) Primacy (of 1st importance) of Emotion
  • Enlightenment stressed reason as a way to
    understand nature
  • Romanticism rejected reason, and instead stressed
    emotion, intuition, and subjective feelings.

10
  • A different past
  • Neoclassical artists looked to Greece and Rome
    for models of order and clarity
  • Romantics looked to the medieval period for
    models of chivalrous heroes, miraculous events,
    and unsolved mysteries
  • New view of nature
  • Enlightened thinkers relied on the scientific
    method to study and understand nature. (Viewed
    nature as a well-ordered machine)
  • Romantics preferred to contemplate the beauty of
    nature. They were inspired by raging rivers,
    great storms, and majestic mountains veiled in
    mist.

11
  • Religion
  • Enlightenment
  • rejected faith, relying on a rational,
    scientific approach to understanding relationship
    b/t human beings and natural world.
  • Deists view God as divine watchmaker
  • Romantics
  • believed in a loving, personal God
  • stressed emotions, inner faith, religious
    inspiration.
  • embraced wonders mysteries of nature as a
    way to feel the divine presence.

12
VII. Romantic Writers, Artists Composers
  • Be familiar with the writers/artists and their
    works listed on the ID List.
  • Film clip from Immortal Beloved
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