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1.Beliefs and Religions of China

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1.Beliefs and Religions of China Confucianism Taoism Buddhism 2.Confucianism Based on teachings of Confucius, who lived in China from 551-479 B.C.. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1.Beliefs and Religions of China


1
1.Beliefs and Religions of China
  • Confucianism
  • Taoism
  • Buddhism

2
2.Confucianism
  • Based on teachings of Confucius, who lived in
    China from 551-479 B.C..
  • He developed a philosophy for life and government
    based on respect and hard work!

3
3.Confucius Says
  • PFRBM 5!

4
4.Why PFRBM 5?
Because he created a code of behavior based on 5
RELATIONSHIPS!
5
5.PFRBM 5!He said that people would be
harmonious if they were obedient, loyal and
honest in the following relationships
6
1
Slide 6
  • Parent and Child

7
2
Slide 7
  • Friends

8
3
Slide 8
  • Ruler and Subject- subjects (students) should be
    obedient to their rulers (teachers)..
  • (Mr.. Ps personal favorite..)

9
4
Slide 9
  • Brothers and sisters, or siblings.

10
5
Slide 10
  • Marriage-husband and wife

11
11.Confucianism- During Song Dynasty
  • Civil servicemeans service as a government
    official.
  • Civil Service Exams
  • Students must memorize entire Confucian text
  • Students might study for more than 20 years!!
  • Some exams last more than 72 hours and students
    were locked in private rooms.
  • To prevent students from cheating, exam halls
    were often locked and guarded.
  • If you passedYou became a scholar official, A
    respected member of the government.

12
12.Taoism Its Naturally Simple!
  • Based on teachings of Laozi 606-530 B.C.
  • He believed that humans are a part of nature and
    that change is natural and it will happen through
    out your life (even disasters can be good)

13
13. Taoism Its Naturally Simple
  • He believed that humans should LIVE SIMPLY and in
    harmony with nature.
  • Do not seek power or fame.

14
B14. Nature does not seek power, it merely is
powerful. For example, waves do not seek power,
however, they are powerful.h Harmony can be
achieved by learning from and observing nature...
15
Yin and Yang
Slide 15
  • Are a balance of nature that live in harmony
    together
  • for example Yang represents heat while Yin
    represents cold

16
16.Buddhism
  • Based on teachings of Siddhartha Gautama
    (enlightened one) from India in 563-483 B.C..
  • Brought to China about A.D. 200 by Monks and
    traders who traveled the Silk Road from India
  • Buddhism was welcomed in Sui Dynasty as a way to
    escape suffering from earlier disunion

17
Slide 17
18
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19
19. The Four Noble Truths
  • 1.All life is suffering and pain
  • 2. Pain is caused by desire for wealth, fame,
    pleasure and power
  • 3. To end pain, one must overcome desire
  • 4. To overcome desire, have virtue and have
    compassion for living things

20
20. Reincarnation
  • Buddhists believe that when you die your soul
    will be reborn into another body

21
21.Nirvana
  • Nirvana means that you desire nothing..
  • When you have reached Nirvana you will no longer
    be reincarnated to this world and you will be
    relieved of earthly suffering.
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