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Islam

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Title: Islam Author: Owner Last modified by: LCPS Created Date: 10/5/2009 9:21:19 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company: Fairfax County Public ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Islam


1
Islam
2
I. Arabia Before Islam
  • Nomads
  • Egalitarian poverty
  • Status of women WHY???
  • Leadership
  • How does this tie people together???
  • Cooperation / Competition

3
I. Arabia Before Islam
  • War
  • Inequality
  • Mecca
  • North to Byzantium
  • Northeast to Sassanid Empire

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8
II. Prophet Muhammad
  • Muhammad (570 632)
  • Background
  • Revelations (610)
  • Key ideas
  • Creates Umma What is this???

9
Discussion Question
  • How did the creation of the Umma help to create
    more unity among the people of Arabia?

10
II. Prophet Muhammad
  • The Kaba
  • Caravan travelers
  • Who do they worship???
  • Why does Muhammad preach against this???
  • Muhammads teachings upset WHY???
  • Leaders of Mecca feared this would cost them
    HOW???
  • Persecution

11
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II. Prophet Muhammad
  • Hijra (622)
  • Islamic calendar
  • Medina
  • Theocracy
  • Jihad
  • Arabian Peninsula
  • Mecca is spiritual center
  • Medina is political center

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III. Islamic Laws
  • Dar al-Islam WHAT IS IT???
  • Five Pillars of Islam
  • Built around nomadic lifestyle
  • Proclamation
  • Prayer
  • Fasting
  • Hajj
  • Alms

15
III. Islamic Laws
  • C. Islam and Women
  • Spiritually Equal WHY???
  • Prior to Muhammad
  • Muhammad seen as savior to women
  • Women remain socially unequal
  • Contrast

16
IV. After Muhammad
  • Rashidun Caliphate (632 661)
  • Expanded empire
  • Religiously tolerant
  • Sunni / Shiite split
  • Shiite Closest blood tie to Muhammad
  • Sunni Blood ties irrelevant most pious Quraysh

17
IV. After Muhammad
  • Umayyad Empire (661 750)
  • Second wave of expansion WHERE???
  • Arabs given special status and privilege
  • Leads to ???
  • Overthrown
  • Used resentment of non-Arab Muslims

18
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IV. After Muhammad
  • Abbasid Empire (750 1258)
  • Golden Age of Islam (Pax Islamica)
  • Consolidation
  • Standardization
  • All followers believe same thing
  • Economy
  • Overthrown by Mongols

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IV. After Muhammad
  • Turkish Rule (1055 1920s)
  • Fragmentation
  • Abbasids weakened by use of Mamluks (slave
    soldiers and bureaucrats)
  • Children of conquered people
  • Converted to Islam, trained militarily, educated
  • Used in military and government positions
  • Mamluks
  • Seljuk (1055 - 1157) and Ottoman Turks (1299
    1920s)
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