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State and Local Government

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State and Local Government Chapters 12 and 13 Federalism What is Federalism? A division of power between state and federal governments. The federal government is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: State and Local Government


1
State and Local Government
  • Chapters 12 and 13

2
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3
Federalism
  • What is Federalism? A division of power between
    state and federal governments. The federal
    government is always higher
  • Why do we have Federalism? To keep any part of
    government from getting too powerful.

The Articles of Confederation is an example of
the States being too powerful
4
Powers of State Government
State governments have reserved powers. All of
the powers that are not given to the federal
government are reserved for the states.
  • Enumerated (delegated) Powers- powers
    specifically given to the federal government.
  • Reserved Powers- powers that are denied to the
    national government and given to the state.
  • Concurrent Powers- Powers that are given to state
    governments and the national governments.

5
10th Amendment
  • All rights that are not given to the federal
    government are reserved for the states.

6
Federal law is always higher than state law.
Supremacy Clause
7
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
  • Gave Congress additional implied
  • powers. It established that federal
  • was more powerful than state law.

8
States Rights vs. Nationalists
  • State governments are closer to the
  • citizens. Therefore some people
  • believe they are better able to make
  • decisions for citizens than the
  • national government.

9
State Legislatures Main job To make laws for the
state.
  • Most states have a bicameral legislature with
    Senate and a House of Representatives.
  • Leaders
  • House of Representatives Speaker of the House
  • Senate President. He is usually the Lieutenant
    governor.

10
Apportionment The most important job!!
  • State legislatures draw the district lines for
    the United States House of Representatives.
  • 1964 Reynolds vs. Sims district lines must be
    drawn equally.
  • NO GERRYMANDERING!

11
  • Congressional district lines are drawn with about
  • the same number of constituents (voters) in them.

Gerrymandering
Gerrymandering is drawing district lines to
benefit one group politically.
12
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14
State Executive Branch - The Governor Main Job
Enforce state law
  • The governor is the head of state government. He
    is directly elected by the people . The
    lieutenant governor is the 2nd in command.

The Governor The President
15
Line-Item Veto
  • The governor has the power of
  • line-item veto.
  • He can veto a part of a bill instead of the whole
    bill.

16
Roles of the Governor
  • Judicial Leader offers pardons and reprieves
    grants parole
  • Ceremonial Leader greets important visitors
    and represents the state
  • Chief Executive carries out state laws
    appoints officials prepares a budget
  • Chief Legislator Proposes legislation approves
    or vetoes legislation
  • Commander in Chief in charge of the national
    guard (state militia)
  • Party Leader leads the political party in the
    state

17
State Court System
18
State Judicial Branch Main Job Interpret state
law
  • State Supreme Court Reviews decisions made by
    lower courts. Its main job is to interpret the
    Constitution of the state.
  • State Appeals Courts Reviews decisions from
    lower courts.
  • General Trial Courts Have jury trials for
    serious crimes called felonies.
  • Municipal Courts They handle misdemeanors
    (minor crimes).
  • State judges are elected not appointed!!

19
State Judicial Branch Main Job Interpret state
law
  • State judges are elected not appointed!!
  • They are elected to terms from 6 to
  • 12 years. Longer terms are intended
  • to shield them from political pressure.

20
Home Rule is the right of a city to manage their
own affairs.
How cities are governed depends on home rule.
Alabama does not have home rule!
21
Key Points
  • The County Sheriff is responsible for enforcing
    all of the laws within a county.
  • State Legislatures gives the city governments
    power.
  • Town meetings are an example of direct-democracy
    because every citizen gets a voice and a vote
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