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Topic: History Has Made Us Friends

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Topic: History Has Made Us Friends Early Inhabitants Groups of Indians and Inuits came to the region long before Europeans did living along the rivers, on the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Topic: History Has Made Us Friends


1
Topic History Has Made Us Friends
2
Early Inhabitants
  • Groups of Indians and Inuits came to the region
    long before Europeans did living along the
    rivers, on the plains, and in the woodlands.
  • These groups had their own language and their
    own culture.

3
First Europeans
  • Vikings - 1000s
  • (from Scandinavia)
  • Built permanent settlements in Greenland, and
    then Newfoundland.
  • 1492 Columbus reached the New World

Iceland Story
4
First Europeans
  • French
  • Sent explorers
  • Jacques Cartier
  • Traveled inland in the Northeast and claimed
    Canada for the French
  • Samuel de Champlain
  • Explored New France (Quebec) and founded
    Quebec City called The Father of New France
  • Spanish
  • Sent explorers
  • Hernando De Soto
  • From Florida through the southern US to the
    Mississippi River
  • Francisco de Coronado
  • Led a very large expedition from Mexico through
    the Southwest to the Grand Canyon and Colorado
    River

5
First Europeans
  • British
  • Sent explorers
  • John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto)
  • East coast of what is now the United States
    called The Admiral of the Ocean Sea
  • Jamestown 1605
  • 13 colonies were later established
  • Russians
  • Sent explorers
  • - Along West coast and what is now Alaska

6
Causes of Exploration
  • Causes
  • Desire for Wealth and Power European explorers
    hoped to find riches in distant countries and to
    discover a sea route to Asia.
  • Religious Aims Europeans hoped to spread
    Christianity and to drive Muslims out of other
    lands.
  • Renaissance Spirit European adventurers wanted
    to test the limits of human ability and to
    explore the unknown.
  • Improvements in Technology Europeans began to
    build stronger and faster sailing ships. They
    developed better navigational instruments and
    more accurate maps.

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8
Immediate Effects
  1. Sailors learned more about geography and improved
    navigation technology.
  2. The Portuguese built plantations and trading
    posts in West Africa, and they discovered a sea
    route to India.
  3. Columbus was the first to reach America.
  4. Magellans crew sailed around the world.

9
Long-Term Effects
  • European nations competed to establish colonies
    in the Americas and greatly expanded their wealth
    and power.
  • The slave trade expanded.

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