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Type 2: Adjective Phrases

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Type 2: Adjective Phrases An adjective phrase is another term for a _____ phrase that _____ and modifies _____. An ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Type 2: Adjective Phrases


1
Type 2 Adjective Phrases
  1. An adjective phrase is another term for a
    ____________ phrase that _________________________
    _____ and modifies ______________________.
  2. An adjective phrase begins with a
    ___________________ and ends with its
    ______________.

2
Type 2 Adjective Phrases
  • An adjective phrase is another term for a
    prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective
    and modifies nouns or pronouns.
  • An adjective phrase begins with a preposition and
    ends with its object.

3
  • Adverbs

4
Definition
  • An adverb is a word that modifies or describes a
    verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

5
Adverbs that modify verbs
  • The tornado nearly destroyed the town.
  • adverb
    verb
  • The hamster moved quickly in its cage.
  • verb
    adverb
  • They searched everywhere for the keys.
  • verb
    adverb

6
Adverbs that modify adjectives
  • He is an incredibly talented musician.
  • adverb adjective
  • Elizabeth is quite creative.
  • adverb adjective
  • The donation was very generous.
  • adverb adjective

7
Adverbs that modify adverbs
  • Joe speaks French very fluently.
  • adverb adverb
  • She drove extremely slowly in the snow.
  • adverb adverb
  • Buses depart quite regularly from here.
  • adverb adverb

8
Adverbs answer the following questions
  • Where?
  • When?
  • How?
  • To What extent?
  • How much?
  • How often?
  • How long?

9
Some adverbs answer the question WHERE?
  • Example I went away on vacation during spring
    break.

10
Some common WHERE? adverbs
  • above
  • away
  • here
  • inside
  • there
  • up

11
Examples of WHERE? adverbs
  • We looked everywhere for the lost dog.
  • They went inside.
  • Mom put my bag there.

12
Where? Adverbs vs. Prepositions
  • A preposition requires an object.
  • An adverb has no object.
  • If you want to see the eclipse, you will need to
    go outside.
  • OUTSIDE tells you where you will need to go, so
    without an object OUTSIDE is an adverb.
  • Dorothy colors outside the lines.
  • OUTSIDE is a preposition.
  • LINES is the object of the preposition.

13
Some adverbs answer the question WHEN?
  • Example Lets go the beach today.

14
Some common WHEN? adverbs
  • later
  • now
  • soon
  • then
  • tomorrow

15
Examples of WHEN? adverbs
  • My parents arrived late.
  • I heard this song before.
  • I recently read an article about Africa.

16
Some adverbs answer the question HOW?
  • Example The burglar softly crept to the safe.

17
Many HOW? Adverbs are made by adding ly to the
end of an adjective.
  • Adjective
  • KIND
  • Add ly KINDLY
  • The Boy Scout kindly helped the old lady cross
    the street.
  • Adjective STRANGE
  • Add ly STRANGELY
  • It was strangely quiet in the hallways.

18
Common HOW? adverbs
  • clearly
  • easily
  • quietly
  • slowly
  • Notice the -ly ending!

19
Examples of HOW? adverbs
  • The snow melted quickly in the sun.
  • The gymnast carefully walked across the balance
    beam.
  • Secretively, the children hid the gift under the
    bed.
  • Notice the -ly ending!

20
Be careful! Not all ly words are adverbs!
  • The lonely man walked away from the crowd.
  • (Lonely is an adjective.)
  • Lovely flowers arrived for my birthday.
  • (Lovely is an adjective.)
  • We live in a friendly neighborhood.
  • (Friendly is an adjective.)

21
And some adverbs answer the question TO WHAT
Extent? (How much? How long? How often?)
  • Example The Arctic Circle is quite cold.

22
Some common TO WHAT Extent? adverbs
  • almost
  • so
  • too
  • more
  • least
  • extremely
  • quite
  • very
  • not
  • always
  • usually
  • continuously
  • never
  • forever
  • briefly

23
Examples of TO WHAT Extent? adverbs
  • We ran fast enough to catch the bus.
  • She briefly summarized the story.
  • They never visit the library.

24
Lets look at some more examples.
  • Can you find the adverb, tell what word it
    modifies, and which question it answers?

25
Example
  • The sprinter ran swiftly.
  • The adverb ___ modifies the
  • ___ ___ and tells ____.
  • The adverb swiftly modifies the verb ran and
    tells how.

26
  • Jane comforted a very small child.
  • The adverb ___ modifies the ______ ____ and
    tells ___.
  • The adverb very modifies the adjective small and
    tells to what extent.
  • The teacher sometimes quotes from Martin Luther
    Kings I Have a Dream speech.
  • The adverb _______ modifies the ____ ____ and
    tells ___.
  • The adverb sometimes modifies the verb quotes and
    tells to what extent.

27
  • Put the apples there, and pay for them later.
  • The adverb ___ modifies the ______ ____ and
    tells ___.
  • The adverb there modifies the verb put and tells
    where.
  • The adverb later modifies the verb pay and tells
    when.
  • The fire blazed too wildly for anyone to enter
    the building.
  • The adverb ___ modifies the _____ _____ and
    tells ______.
  • The adverb too modifies the adverb wildly and
    tells to what extent.
  • The adverb wildly modifies the verb blazed and
    tells how.

28
Type 1 Why is this funny?
29
Homework
  • worksheet

30
Adverb phrase
  • A prepositional phrase that modifies a verb,
    adjective, or an adverb.

31
Adverb Phrases modifying verbs
  • The child ran to the playground.
  • 2. I sang after her performance.
  • 3. The girl played with great skill.
  • 4. He had studied for two hours.

32
Adverb phrases modifying adjectives
  • 1. The gymnast was tired after her beam routine.
  • My mom is active in the PTO.
  • I became sick from that nasty food.

33
Adverb phrases modifying adverbs
  • 1. You are speaking too softly for me to hear.
  • 2. The cat napped late into the afternoon.

34
Lets look at some more examples.
  • Can you find the adverb phrase, tell what word it
    modifies, and which question it answers?

35
Example
  • The sprinter ran toward the finish line.
  • The adverb phrase ___ modifies the
  • ___ ___ and tells ____.
  • The adverb phrase toward the finish line modifies
    the verb ran and tells where.

36
Example
  • GVMS was built in the year 2000.
  • The adverb phrase ___ modifies the
  • ______ and tells ____.
  • The adverb phrase in the year 2000 modifies the
    verb phrase was built and tells when.

37
Example
  • The King and Queen ruled their kingdom for many
    years.
  • The adverb phrase ___ modifies the
  • ___ ___ and tells ____.
  • The adverb Phrase for many years modifies the
    verb ruled and tells to what extent (how long).

38
Example
  • You are acting like a baby!
  • The adverb phrase ___ modifies the
  • ___ ___ and tells ____.
  • The adverb Phrase Like a baby modifies the verb
    phrase are acting and tells how.

39
Review prepositional Phrases
  • Adjective phrases modify Nouns and pronouns.
  • The boy in the orange shirt is tall like his
    brother.
  • Adverb phrases modify verbs, adjectives, and
    adverbs.
  • The boy in the orange shirt is tall like his
    brother.

40
? Homework ?
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