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The impact of culture on social, linguistic and culture interactions

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Title: The impact of culture on social, linguistic and culture interactions


1
The impact of culture on social, linguistic and
culture interactions
  • By David Aguayo
  • EDUC 604
  • Prof E. Lugo

2
Objectives
  • After discussing these concepts the participants
    will be able to
  • Understand the dimensions of culture.
  • Understand the relationship between culture and
    social interactions.
  • Understand the relationship between culture and
    linguistic interactions.
  • Relate to the cultural symbols of their own
    cultures.

3
Introduction
  • This presentation aims to discuss the impact that
    culture has on social, linguistic and culture
    interactions.
  • Being teachers of the English language, this is a
    matter of importance to us because language and
    culture influence each other.
  • Being Spanish the first language of most of our
    students we should learn strategies to help them
    acquire not only the linguistic aspects of the
    English language but also the cultural aspects of
    it, giving them a more complete experience in the
    classroom.

4
Definition of culture
  • Culture can be defined as a way of life. No
    matter where people live, their behaviors and
    thoughts follow and are generally based on their
    own cultures.
  • Culture establishes a context of cognitive and
    affective behavior for each person.
  • It influences individual estimation and
    attitudes, and can also have an effect on
    practical aspects of life such as hobbies.

5
The dimensions of culture
  • Ideas, customs, tools, art and skills that
    characterize a group of people in a given period
    of time.
  • Beliefs, values and material objects that create
    our way of life.

6
Habits Traditions Culture
  • Culture is also a matter of habit, and it is
    habit that becomes tradition and tradition that
    gives rise to culture.
  • Local people begin with habitual actions and go
    on to create common stereotypes.
  • Stereotypes assign group characteristics to
    individual purely on the basis of their cultural
  • membership.
  • The cultural stereotypes affect how people think,
    speak, act, and interact with one another.

7
Culture and communication inseparable.
  • Culture dictates
  • Who talks to whom
  • About what
  • How the communication proceeds

8
Culture and communication inseparable (cont.)
  • Culture determines
  • How people encode messages
  • The meanings people have for messages
  • The conditions and circumstances under which
    various messages may or may not be sent, noticed,
    or interpreted.

9
Culture as the foundation of communication
  • Without culture
  • We cannot understand the lives and motivations of
    others.
  • We cannot connect with the concerns and interests
    of others.
  • Culture is inherent in our being and a powerful
    human tool to develop our society, add to our
    knowledge, and establish the relationships
    between people.
  • However, culture is fragile. The traits of
    culture are constantly changing and easily lost.
    If we do not value it, we will lose it eventually.

10
What is Linguistics?
  • Linguistics is the scientific study of language.
  • It is a foundational discipline in the sense that
    it bridges the social sciences, the natural
    sciences, and the humanities.
  • Linguists focuses on describing and explaining
    language.
  • Importance We need to understand the structures
    and functions of languages which play a part in
    our social activities in order for there to be a
    successful use of language.

11
Structure of language
  • Language is a system of symbols and rules that is
    used for meaningful communication.
  • In many ways the structure of language reflects
    the structure of how our minds process the world.

12
Why is important for teachers to understand
patterns of sound in language?
  • Understanding a language should first involve
    understanding its patterns of sound.
  • All languages have definite patterns in the
    sounds that the speaker uses.
  • We have to understand
  • how those sounds are combined to form symbols
  • and how those symbols are organized into
    meaningful sentences.

13
How can the structure of language be learned?
  • One of the reasons why some people have
    difficulty learning another language is often
    related to language structures. (English
    Chinese)
  • The structure of a language can be learned
    because human beings have a natural and inherent
    competence to acquire languages.
  • According to language acquisition theory
  • Language learners usually need a transformational
    period when they are learning a new language.
    They must apply and compare the structures of
    their mother tongue to the new language in order
    to understand its patterns.

14
Functions of language
  • The functions of language can be separated in
    seven areas, included
  • Instrumental function Used to cause certain
    events to happen.
  • Regulatory function Used to control events
    (Commands)
  • Representational function Used to make
    statements, explain or report.

15
Functions of language (cont.)
  • 4. Interactive function knowledge of slang,
    jargon, jokes, folklore, politeness, and
    formality expectations in social exchange.
  • 5. Personal function Used to express feelings
    emotions, and personality.
  • 6. Heuristic function Used to acquire knowledge
    and to learn.
  • 7. Imaginative function Used to create tales,
    write a novel, poetry, tongue twisters, and etc.

16
Language affects culture
  • Language is formed to present our ideas or
    concepts these can change depending on which
    cultural elements are dominant at any given
    moment.
  • Whenever language expands, the culture changes.

17
Language affects culture (cont.)
  • Language has infinite flexibility
  • the meaning of a word can be changed, and then a
    new symbolism is created.
  • the English word Nice now generally means
    pleasing, agreeable, polite, and kind. But, in
    15th century Nice meant foolish, reckless, and
    even wicked.

18
Language affects culture (cont.)
  • The culture of the United States is made up of
    many different cultures and languages. Each of
    these individual cultures is impacting on,
    shaping, and redefining the American culture.
    Many new words are being added to normal American
    daily speech.
  • People accept and understand them because these
    adaptations have already become a part of the
    local culture and blended into peoples lives.

19
Culture affects language
  • Culture not only changes peoples values and
    habits, but also affects peoples language and
    behaviors.
  • Cultural knowledge is crucial in achieving
    linguistic proficiency, and the culture of a
    society can be changed depending upon the
    language used.

20
Culture affects language (cont.)
  • Some old words remain even when they are no
    longer used.
  • New words emerge as they become identified with
    particular cultural activities.
  • The slang words used by our parents were very
    likely different from those we use today.

21
Culture affects language (cont.)
  • Different eras often have differing pop
    languages.
  • These languages are mostly likely to be
    influenced by TV programs, politics or music, and
    little by little they create their own cultural
    trend.
  • Examples of this can be seen with the Beatles and
    most recently in Hop Pop music.

22
What is Society?
  • A system of social interaction that includes
    culture and social organization.
  • Members of a society have a common culture though
    there may be great diversity within it.

23
Social Interactions
  • Social interaction is made possible, in large
    measure, by the existence of cultural symbols.
  • Social Exchange
  • Interactions are determined by rewards or
    punishments.
  • If the reward for an interaction exceeds the
    punishment, a potential for social profit exists
    and the interaction is likely to occur.

24
Cultural Symbols
  • Visible, physical manifestations of organizations
    and indicators of cultural life.
  • Symbols take on important meanings in
    organizations meanings that are defined by
    cultural and social conventions and interactions.
  • Things that can be experienced with the senses
    and used by culture members to make meaning.

25
Cultural Symbols (cont.)
  • Symbols are noticed through sight, sound, touch,
    and smell.
  • Cultural songs
  • Flags
  • Mottos
  • Food
  • Instruments
  • Animals

26
Cultural Symbols (cont.)
  • What are some of the symbols of your culture?
  • Singing of the Coquí and the Coquí itself
  • Pasteles
  • Bomba y Plena, Danza
  • The nickname Boricua
  • Sayings Yo soy boricua, pa que tú lo sepas.
  • Songs that make you identify with your culture
    Harris Hymn
  • Why is this song so accepted in the Puerto Rican
    culture?

27
Cultural Symbols (cont.)
  • Symbolic Interactions rests on three primary
    premises.
  • First, that human beings act towards things on
    the basis of the meanings those things have for
    them.
  • Second, that such meanings arise out of the
    interaction of the individual with others.
  • Third, that an interpretive process is used by
    the person in each instance in which he must deal
    with things in his environment.

28
Cultures impact on social interactions
  • It is culture that makes us feel aware of
    ourselves as a distinct social unit.
  • Its culture that will determine the goals and
    norms that we share.
  • How we see ourselves and the common goals and
    norms that we share will determine the way in
    which we interact and communicate with each other.

29
Conclusion
  • Culture has great impact on the way we interact,
    on our language, our tone and in our way of
    living in society.
  • Though both, social interactions and language,
    have different main components, without culture,
    then language and social interactions could not
    be complete.
  • Culture leads us to the understanding of the
    lives and motivations of others.
  • Culture leads us to connect to the concerns and
    interests of others.

30
References
  • Blumer, H. (1996) SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM AS
    DEFINED BY HERBERT BLUMER http//www.cdharris.net/
    text/blumer.html
  • Condon, E. C. (1973). Introduction to Cross
    Cultural Communication. New Brunswick, NJ Rogers
    University Press
  • Kramsch, C. (1998). Language and Culture, OUP
    Oxford
  • Lado, R. (1957). Linguistics across Cultures. Ann
    ArborUniversity of Michigan Press.
  • Lu, M. (1998). Language learning in social and
    cultural contexts. Eric Digest. Retrieved October
    11, 2006 from http//www.ed.gov.databases/ERIC_Dig
    ests/ed423531.html
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