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Heritage Gene Bank

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Title: Heritage Gene Bank Author: Sam Jones Last modified by: PLANCHENAULT Created Date: 9/29/2002 3:09:33 PM Document presentation format: Affichage l' cran – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Heritage Gene Bank


1
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2
GENRES conservation, characterisation,
collection utilisation of genetic resources in
agriculture
- maintain biological diversity - improve the
quality of agricultural products - contribute to
increased diversification - reduce inputs and
production costs
proposal for a targeted action Heritage Sheep
Breeds of Europe
3
Heritage Sheep Breeds
genetically distinct geographically
concentrated environmentally adapted
local breeds, important to regional economy and
culture
4
Heritage Sheep Breeds across Europe
"breeds at risk" from
disease entering their geographical
location genetic erosion through Scrapie
eradication replacement by high-input,
non-adapted breeds
threat to the sustainability of rural
communities URGENT ACTION NEEDED
5
Heritage Sheep Breeds across Europe
- no protection provided - unlike the numerically
scarce rare breeds - FMD illustrated
vulnerability to disease - low incidence of ARR
prion allele, high proportion of type 3
(neither ARR nor VRQ) - recognised regional
significance for economy, culture and
environment - readily definable group,
geographically concentrated - immense local
"word-of-mouth" knowledge of the breeds, very
little as yet formalised
6
A new trans-national Targeted Action SHEEP Sheep
Heritage European Excellence and Protection
7
Targeted Action (73 of budget Community
contribution 50)
actions promoting the ex situ and in situ
conservation, characterisation, collection and
utilisation of genetic resources
selection criteria - relevance to
objective - technical quality - ability to carry
out action - European added-value
Concerted Action (9 of budget Community
contribution 80) Accompanying Action (8 of
budget Community contribution 80)
8
preference given to the use of genetic resources
for
- diversification of production - improved
product quality - sustainable management - improve
d quality of the environment - identification of
products for new uses/markets
Heritage Sheep Breeds - economic and
environmental sustainability of the regions and
promotion of diversity
9
SHEEP a proposed trans-national
programme - builds on the foundation
established through the ERFP Scoping Study and
the ECONOGENE Framework 5 activities - combines
in situ conservation and socio-economic studies
with ex situ cryoconservation - establishes a
European network and database in conformity with
DADIS, EFABIS - supports enhancement of
profitability of local breeds, linking the
Heritage Breeds with products, environmental
value, contribution to rural cultural
diversity, development and tourism
10
SHEEP a proposed trans-national
programme - integrates local and regional
knowledge with ERFP national co-ordinators,
academic and technical specialists - a
flagship programme, extending existing national
activities into a trans-national action to
utilise knowledge and experience of Heritage
Sheep Breeds, their value and their products to
regions across Europe - establishes a
protosystem of trans-national guidelines and
framework for cryoconservation that can
subsequently be applied across more member
states.
11
The SHEEP programme - highly focussed and
highly effective to ensure success within the
constraints of available funding - proposed
initial Working Group of 6 nations (each with
relevant experience) France, Greece,
Netherlands, Czech Republic, Germany and the
UK - establish the guidelines and framework
rapidly as a foundation for bringing in
additional nations
12
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13
The SHEEP programme Suggested
work-packages 1 database production and
integration 2 standardisation of protocols and
health regulation issues 3 breed
characterisation and socio-economic
analyses 4 ex situ cryoconservation and
practical genebanking 5 in situ conservation
work and design of marketing strategies 6 managem
ent and co-ordination
14
The SHEEP Programme Workpackage 1 Database
production and integration with existing
frameworks Involvement of an IT specialist,
building on work already started in the scoping
study The database will include fields and
ontology to ensure full integration with the
on-going EFAB.IS database and future national
databases Costings will include hardware,
maintenance and development work
15
The SHEEP Programme Workpackage 2 Protocol and
health issues Currently, there are no common
health or quality control standards for sheep
semen collection across Europe. Given that sheep
diseases and prevalences vary in each country, it
is imperative that semen is collected,
transported and stored using a common set of
guidelines to ensure appropriate containment and
elimination of the risk of disease spread. The
scoping study is collecting information on
national guidelines as well as EU regulations
These data will provide the foundation for
Workpackage 2 Costings will include a desk-based
study
16
The SHEEP Programme Workpackage 3 Heritage Breed
characterisation and socio-economic
information Characterisation and breed
information across European countries has already
started in the scoping study The work will build
on this preliminary characterisation, expanding
breed information to include pedigrees of
selected rams, etc socio-economic information
will be collected for the regions in which the
Heritage Breeds are based, including the role of
the breed in the rural communities these data
sets will be linked to GIS Costing will include
desk-based study and travel
17
The SHEEP Programme Workpackage 4 ex situ
cryoconservation and practical genebanking This
forms the heart and purpose of the project ex
situ conservation of Heritage Sheep Breeds across
Europe The work will include the taking and
freezing of semen, blood and other tissue samples
to ensure protection of the breeds and the
availability of DNA samples for future molecular
screening of disease and/or traits of
value Costings will include collection, equipment
and maintenance samples will be stored in
duplicate at separate sites
18
The SHEEP Programme Workpackage 5 In situ
conservation programme and marketing work. The
market potential and utility of each Heritage
Breed and their various products will be
analysed for regional, national and international
value opportunities will be identified to
increase the breeds economic viability Costs
will include desk-based study and travel
19
The SHEEP Programme Workpackage 6 Organisation
and management of the project. Local Management
Teams will be responsible for grass-root level
work nationally, gaining and co-ordinating
information on local issues and breeds and
interacting with breed societies for the
collection of sheep tissue samples and semen A
European Working Group will ensure continuity
across different member states, review
pan-European progress quarterly and coodinate
activities to ensure local milestones and
deliverables are met A Programme Advisory Board
provides links to wider scientific communities
and national policy makers provides advice and
reviews progress annually ensures integration
with other international initiatives Overall
management of the project will be the
responsibility of the UK and The Sheep Trust who
have completed the foundation work for the
proposal and are leading the ERFP scoping study.
20
A new trans-national Targeted Action SHEEP Sheep
Heritage European Excellence and Protection
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