In 1904 several middleclass African American families moved away from the decaying conditions of Black Bohemia of midtown into the newly-built suburb of Harlem. This initiated a move north of educated African Americans and a foothold into Harlem. In 1910 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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In 1904 several middleclass African American families moved away from the decaying conditions of Black Bohemia of midtown into the newly-built suburb of Harlem. This initiated a move north of educated African Americans and a foothold into Harlem. In 1910

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In 1904 several middleclass African American families moved away from the decaying conditions of Black Bohemia of midtown into the newly-built suburb of Harlem. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: In 1904 several middleclass African American families moved away from the decaying conditions of Black Bohemia of midtown into the newly-built suburb of Harlem. This initiated a move north of educated African Americans and a foothold into Harlem. In 1910


1
Harlem Renaissance
  • In 1904 several middleclass African American
    families moved away from the decaying conditions
    of Black Bohemia of midtown into the newly-built
    suburb of Harlem. This initiated a move north of
    educated African Americans and a foothold into
    Harlem. In 1910 a large block along 135th and
    Fifth Ave was bought up by various African
    American realtors and a church group. These
    purchases caused a "white flight" and lowered
    real estate prices.

2
A
3
B
1920
1990
4
From the reading and pictures, answer the
following questions
  • PART A
  • What is white flight and what caused it?
  • Why did Blacks move north?
  • Picture A
  • How is this picture different from today? Write
    down at least 5 ways that it may be different.
  • Picture B
  • What do you think happened to the neighborhood in
    the bottom picture? Why do you think it looks
    more run down than the top picture?

5
Harlem Renaissance
  • There were various patrons of the arts, both
    black and white, including the very wealthy
    A'Lelia Walker who ran an influential salon, the
    Dark Tower from her home, Countee Cullen (the
    Romantic poet), Nora Thurston Zeale
    (anthropologist), Langston Hughes (playwright and
    poet) Three main political figures kept the hopes
    of freedom for African Americans alive and made
    Harlem a political hotbed of activities. The
    three figures were W.E.B. Dubois, the James
    Weldon Johnston and finally the charismatic Black
    Nationalist Marcus Garvey.

6
Harlem Renaissance
  • As World War I approached, a shortage of labor
    ensued at the generous supply of European
    unskilled labor ceased to flow into New York
    City. From the southern states came vast numbers
    of African Americans attracted not only by the
    prospect of paid labor but an escape from the
    inherent inequities and blatant institutional
    racism of the South.

7
Harlem Renaissance
  • PART B
  • Choose one of the major players (anyone in red)
    of the movement. Research and write a 10
    sentence biography about their life.

8
The Arts
  • PART C
  • The Harlem Renaissance gave way to many new forms
    of expression for African Americans.
  • View the next three slides that detail Harlem
    Renaissance art. Choose a piece of art that you
    like and analyze it using the worksheet.

9
(No Transcript)
10
A farm family is up with the chickens and the
daily ritual of hard work has begun, from
gathering water to plowing the fields. Their
one-room house, shaded by a single tree, is as
humble as the family is stoic in dealing with the
cyclical nature of their rural existence in the
South. Based on strong contrasts in color and the
energy of diagonals, this dynamic composition
banishes any impression of an idyllic pastoral
scene and delivers instead powerful commentary on
black labor, inspired by Johnson's childhood
experiences as a native of rural South Carolina.
  • William H. Johnson
  • Early Morning Workabout 1940oil38 1/2 x 45 5/8
    in.Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the
    Harmon Foundation

11
During the 1930s, Sargent Johnson executed
several copper masks and sculptures based on
African examples. Johnson explained his intent
saying It is the pure American Negro I am
concerned with, aiming to show the natural beauty
and dignity in that characteristic lip and that
characteristic hair, bearing, and manner and I
wish to show that beauty not so much to the White
man as to the Negro himself.
  • Sargent Johnson
  • Maskabout 193035copper on wood base15 1/2 x
    13 1/2 x 6 in.Smithsonian American Art Museum,
    Gift of International Business Machines
    Corporation

12
Street Life, Harlem celebrates the people and
dynamic energy of Harlem in the late 1930s.
Johnson had many opportunities to experience its
night life during the four years he taught art at
the Harlem Community Art Center. These were
vibrant years in Harlem, when positive portrayals
of everyday life strengthened the sense of
community that was such an important aspect of
African American culture
  • William H. Johnson
  • Street Life, Harlemabout 1939--40oil45 3/4 x
    38 5/8 in.Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift
    of the Harmon Foundation

13
Langston Hughes PART D
Write down 5 facts about Langston Hughes. Click
on his picture to take you to a website about
him. How did he contribute to the Harlem
Renaissance?
14
Langston Hughes PART E
  • Listen to Langston Hughes poem The Negro Speaks
    of Rivers.
  • As the poem is read write down your thoughts,
    emotions, ideas of what the poem means.

15
Duke Ellington PART F
  • Open PBS Biographies Duke Ellington. You are
    going to listen to three jazz tunes by Duke
    Ellington, a famed musician and composer of the
    Harlem Renaissance. Click on 3 of the audio
    samples on the website.
  • When youre finished listening to the song clips
    write what song you listened to and describe the
    mood that each of the musical selections evokes.

16
Overview PART G
  • What were you able to learn about the Harlem
    Renaissance by listening to jazz music? Write a
    12 sentence paragraph that explains the Harlem
    Renaissance.
  • ... by listening to an essay?
  • ... by looking at paintings?
  • ... by listening to a poem?
  • ... by reading historical data?
  • ... by browsing a website?
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