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Animal Agrosecurity

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Animal Agrosecurity Charlie Stoltenow, DVM, DACVPM Associate Professor/Extension Veterinarian ANSC 488, March 25, 2010 Special thanks to the Extension Disaster ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animal Agrosecurity


1
Animal Agrosecurity
  • Charlie Stoltenow, DVM, DACVPM
  • Associate Professor/Extension Veterinarian
  • ANSC 488, March 25, 2010

Special thanks to the Extension Disaster
Education Network (EDEN) and the University of
Kentucky Extension Service
2
Dairy Basics
  • Milking Cows
  • Cows milked 2 3
  • times per day
  • Cow has to calve in
  • order to produce milk
  • Many cows may be
  • pregnant while milking
  • Other Dairy Animals
  • Replacement heifers/Open cows
  • Calves housed in hutches, hand-fed
  • Logistics
  • Milk pick-up every other day for processing
  • Transportation/housing for off-farm events

3
Paul Joans Family Farm
  • Paul Father
  • Joan Mother
  • Scott 16-year-old son
  • Bonnie 8-year-old daughter
  • Two farm employees

4
Paul Joans Farm Operation
  • Neighboring farms
  • Pastures
  • Corn fields
  • Pond water for replacement heifers
  • Old well crop and livestock needs
  • Farmhouse municipal water supply
  • Goats, dogs, etc.

5
An Unfolding Crisis
6
Setting
  • Bonnie wins a ribbon at a large multi-species
    livestock exhibition
  • Early June during a rainy period
  • Insect problems abundant

7
After the Exhibition
  • Day 1
  • 4-H picnic at Paul and Joans farm
  • Children played with the goats, calves, and
    beagle puppies all the over farm
  • Day 2
  • Goats become ill on Paul and Joans farm

8
More Problems
  • Day 3
  • Heifers sold by Paul to out-of-state producer who
    came to look at the heifers that day
  • Day 4
  • Heifers on Pauls farm become ill
  • Called extension agent
  • Aborted fetus found in the heifers pen

9
Assessing Pauls Response
  • Where are some areas where Pauls actions might
    be found lacking?

10
Diagnostics Begin
  • Day 5
  • Pauls cows start to abort
  • Reduced milk production
  • Rain resumes
  • Veterinarian contacted
  • Necropsy performed/samples taken

11
Regulatory Action
  • Day 6
  • All cows abort
  • State Veterinarian contacted
  • FADD arrives
  • Samples taken
  • USDA lab diagnostics

12
Human illnesses
  • Day 7
  • Neighbors child sick
  • Neighbors animals off-feed
  • Day 8
  • Beagle puppies dead
  • State lab unable to diagnose
  • Bonnie becomes ill

13
Biosecurity
  • What are some good biosecurity measures that
    should have been implemented?
  • What are some other issues that should be
    addressed?

14
Scope of Incident Expands
  • Day 9
  • Regional FADDs investigating
  • Public Health Department alerted
  • Link to exhibition suspected
  • Multiple states involved

15
Diagnosis
  • Day 10
  • RVF confirmed
  • FBI investigates

16
International Consequences
  • Widespread stop movement orders
  • Trade embargoes
  • Joint Operations Center established
  • Local
  • State
  • Federal
  • Joint Information Center established
  • Media/public information

17
JOC and JIC
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • Public Health
  • United States Department of Agriculture
  • State departments of Agriculture
  • Food and Drug Administration
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency
  • Law enforcement
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • Department of Transportation
  • Department of Fish and Wildlife

18
Economics
  • Could the US economy be affected by a Rift Valley
    Fever (RVF) outbreak?
  • In a scenario such as the RVF outbreak, how could
    the US consumer confidence in meat, milk, eggs
    and other foods be affected after the diagnosis
    is made?

19
Management
  • What modifications to Pauls farming operation
    could reduce the effects of this type of
    incident?
  • What prevention or mitigation actions may have
    reduced the exposure of Bonnies goats to any
    disease at the exhibition?

20
Animal Identification
  • How would a database of individual animal
    identification information and a list of pen
    locations of exhibited animals assist trace-back
    and trace-forward identification of cases of RVF?

21
Coordinated Response
  • What frameworks exist for local, state, and
    federal agencies to provide an organized,
    efficient, and coordinated response?
  • During a RVF outbreak in the United States, what
    potential response tasks may be required?

22
Public Information
  • How should Extension agents and veterinarians
    handle phone calls from the media?
  • What can be done to address rumors that may
    circulate on the Internet or by email,
    television, and radio during a disease outbreak
    like RVF?

23
Containment/Eradication
  • People infected with RVF can be a source of the
    virus for mosquitoes and other insects. Could
    people be quarantined and confined to hospitals
    or homes in this situation?
  • How difficult could it be to eliminate an
    insect-borne foreign animal disease from North
    America?

24
Containment/Eradication
  • What differences could geographic location have
    on the persistence of an insect vector-borne
    foreign animal disease outbreak over time?

25
Social Effects
  • What psychological, social, and economic issues
    may arise from a foreign animal disease outbreak?

26
Recovery
  • Could insurance and indemnity programs play a
    role in the recovery phase of a foreign animal
    disease outbreak?

27
The Need for Functional Exercises
28
Agricultural Significance/Vulnerability
  • Significance
  • Livestock and poultry - 100 billion/year
  • 17 of American jobs
  • Exports - 50 billion/year
  • Vulnerability
  • Spinach E. coli
  • Peanut Butter Salmonella
  • Great Britain FMD BSE

29
Animal Agosecurity
  • Prevention
  • Surveillance
  • Local veterinarians
  • Extension personnel
  • Animal diagnostic laboratories
  • Producers
  • Biological risk management
  • Owners responsible for animal health
  • Work with animal health professionals to develop
    a biosecurity plan

30
Animal Agosecurity Program
  • Should vary by operation
  • Economics
  • Components
  • Resistance
  • Isolation
  • Traffic control
  • Sanitation and disinfection

31
Resistance and Isolation
  • Resistance
  • To infection
  • To illness after infection
  • As a result of vaccination
  • Isolation
  • Health monitoring
  • Containment for 28 days

32
Traffic Control and Sanitation
  • Traffic control
  • People
  • Vehicles
  • Animals
  • Sanitation
  • Clean, hygienic conditions
  • Clothing, equipment, people, etc.

33
Coordinated Response
  • Interaction among many agencies
  • Local
  • State
  • Federal
  • Common local emergency responders
  • Fire
  • Rescue
  • Police
  • EMT

34
Local Veterinarian
  • Trained to recognize disease
  • Trained to take samples
  • Trained to report suspicious diseases to
    regulatory authorities
  • State Veterinarian
  • Federal Veterinarian

35
Office of the State Veterinarian
  • Regulatory authority to enforce regulations and
    quarantines
  • Should be contacted when suspicion of an FAD or
    other reportable disease exists

36
Office of the Federal Veterinarian
  • Has access to incredible resources
  • FADD
  • Diagnostic Laboratories
  • Personnel
  • USDA emergency funds

37
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38
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